Regulatory framework

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  • Reference document content paper F7 "Financial Reporting - Study text 2016" to capture the details of: The conceptual framework, the regulatory framework, intangible assets, introduction to groupf,...

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  • Content: The role of accounting, the regulatory framework, the conceptual framework of accounting, accounting standards and concepts, elements of financial statements and their recognition criteria, alternative methods of valuation, alternative theories of accounting, reporting and disclosure of performance.

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  • The use of radio-frequency communication—commonly referred to as wireless communication—is becoming more pervasive as well as more economically and socially important. Technological progress over many decades has enabled the deployment of several successive generations of cellular telephone technology, which is now used by many billions of people worldwide; the near-universal addition of wireless local area networking to personal computers; and a proliferation of actual and proposed uses of wireless communications.

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  • Within developing countries, health sector reform, often including decen- tralized priority setting, increases the information and advocacy burden for inclusion of SRH concerns. Central functions (like operating logistic systems and service quality control) require high-level commitment and a supportive policy and regulatory framework. The international discussion on SRH emphasizes an outcome-oriented public health approach but people react to multiple dimensions. Strong pas- sions and intensive debates continue on a range of issues: abortion, adolescent SRH and even family planning.

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  • In January 2001 the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision has issued a consultative paper on the New Basel Capital Accord, that, once finalized, will replace the current Basel Accord from 1988 (Basel Committee 2001a). After an intensive consultation period with the banking industry and several modifications, the Basel Committee has outlined the future regulation of credit risks in the socalled third consultative paper that will be the basis for the final Basel II Accord. The proposed regulatory framework is based on three – mutually reinforcing – pillars...

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  • Food safety is of great importance to consumers. To ensure the safety of the food supply and to facilitate international trade, government agencies and international bodies establish standards, guidelines, and regulations that food producers and trade partners need to meet, respect, and follow. A primary goal of national and international regulatory frameworks for the use of veterinary drugs, including antimicrobials, in food-producing animals is to ensure that authorized products are used in a manner that will not lead to non-compliance residues.

    pdf366p hoangnh76 16-07-2013 79 19   Download

  • Publication of this book is a milestone for the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council. It demonstrates the Council's unique capacity to bring together water and sanitation professionals from industrialised and developing countries to formulate practical guidance on a key issue of the day. Industrialised countries have extensive experience of the problems caused by water pollution and the strategies and technologies available to control it.

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  • Developing countries’ markets depend extensively (technically and financially) on international services. Reasons for this include (among others) structural, financial and technical constraints, including the small size of markets, under-capitalization of insurance companies and insufficient experience and know-how. Usually, insurance industries there also have a shortage of skilled personnel.

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  • This publication consists of six parts. The first part is intended to provide readers with an overview of the insurance sector from the perspective of developing countries. It considers developing country shares in the global insurance market, regulatory and trade liberalization issues that developing countries are faced with as well as suggestions as to how developing countries can identify areas of competence within the insurance services sector.

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  • Market and banking supervisors and regulators are in the process of stepping up their monitoring of the ETF market. Work is underway nationally and internationally on assessing how recent innovations in this area can add to financial system risks, what incentives underpin them, and what potential flaws there might be in current risk practices. The interaction of ETF regulatory frameworks with recent innovations as well as the scope for regulatory arbitrage across regions and markets is also being examined.

    pdf25p doipassword 01-02-2013 35 8   Download

  • The Government plays an important role in ensuring that insurance services can generate benefits. In developed countries, the Government’s key role is to act as a regulator to ensure security and stability in the sector. In developing countries, it also has the role of providing insurance services as a public good. Developing countries seek to establish efficient domestic regulatory frameworks as a prerequisite for insurance service privatization and liberalization.

    pdf48p thangbienthai 27-11-2012 31 8   Download

  • Regulators to date have opted for a relatively "non-interventionist" approach to environmental accounting reform. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, for instance, through surveys and case studies, has identified weaknesses in private sector environmental accounting and promotes the diffusion of accounting "best practices." This outreach- and communication-based approach may be expanded upon in the future, however. There currently are calls from some environmental advocates for more aggressive regulatory actions in this area, such as mandated environmental accounting.

    pdf29p taisaovanchuavo 26-01-2013 30 9   Download

  • The European microfinance market is characterized by varying legal and regulatory frameworks, different economic realities, differing political philosophies towards socio-economic activity, and different financial sector structures (and history). 5 Banks are subject to comprehensive regulation, even though local differences exist given that EU directives may not have been fully transposed into national law. In some European countries, only regulated banks may engage in micro- lending. Non-banks are typically not subject to banking regulation.

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  • The AIFM Directive’s geographic impact will stretch beyond the EU; for example, due to the additional eligibility conditions for third-country AIF jurisdictions. Third-country jurisdictions wishing to ensure that their alternative funds can be actively marketed in the EU will need to carefully review their legal and regulatory framework in relation to AIFM supervision and be prepared to implement international cooperation arrangements for the purpose of systemic risk oversight and tax cooperation with relevant EU Member States.

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  • Since many social businesses are also SMEs, measures that facilitate access to finance for SMEs could also help social businesses. In this context, of notable importance are the support and regulatory frameworks for venture capital, in particular the steps to be taken to develop a EU passport for Venture Capital funds. The extent to which work on establishing such a passport might aid social businesses is central in considering the effectiveness and efficiency of the options identified in this impact assessment.

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  • This paper gives an overview of the global insurance market and emerging trends; the importance of the insurance sector for economic development; the significance and elements of an effective regulatory framework; development issues arising from insurance services liberalization; the importance of insurance as a public good; and the implications of GATS negotiations for the insurance sector and areas of potential export interest for developing countries.

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  • The Lao People’s Democratic Republic National Growth and Poverty Eradication Strategy (the equivalent of its Poverty Reduction Strategy) marks population issues, including SRH and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), as national priorities, while acknowledging limited success in previous reproductive health initiatives. The current draft for 2011–2015 is targeted towards achieving the MDGs, and priority directions are less explicit in terms of reproductive health (see Box 3).

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  • Moreover, bond prices were strongly influenced by the presence of information asymmetries in the market. Most bondholders were poorly informed of the possibil- ities that bonds represent, how they can be traded, and what kinds of risk they carry. At the beginning of trading, a great majority of bondholders believed bonds to be liable to default risk, which, from their perspective, significantly reduced bond price. Serbia’s old saving bonds are discount types of bonds. They bear a 2% annual interest rate (rolled in interest rate) that is paid at the time of maturity.

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  • In Section 4, we discuss a developing literature using cross- country research designs to examine links between financial sector development and economic outcomes. Within-country research holds most institutional features of a country fixed, precluding investigation of interactions across institutions.

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  • The EU authorities have an ambitious regulatory agenda in 2012 with a host of new rules in prospect that will have a broad impact on the fund industry. In relation to UCITS, new rules will be issued for UCITS ETFs and Structured UCITS that will tighten the regulatory framework for these products. In addition the European Commission is working on a new UCITS V proposal to align the depositary framework with the requirements of the AIFMD.

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