Exchanges have suggested several complementary rationales for
establishing themselves as a source of corporate governance-related regulations.
In essence, by raising transparency and discouraging illegal or irregular
practices, exchanges are themselves able to accumulate an amount of
In this chapter you will: Understand the roles and responsibilities of regulators and standard setters, provide an overview of fundamental provisions of SOX and their impacts, provide an overview of the evaluation of SOX (cost and benefits), understand why the SEC was established, provide an overview of the primary functions of the PCAOB,...
The Global Aquaculture Alliance (GAA) is an international, non-profit trade association dedicated
to advancing environmentally and socially responsible aquaculture.
The Alliance was founded in 1997 with 59 members in the Americas, Europe and Asia. It now
comprises 1100 members in 70 countries and has become the most prominent industry
organization representing the global aquaculture business (www.gaalliance.org).
Over the past several years U.S. EPA’s Office of Reinvention has been involved in a number of “regulatory
responsiveness” initiatives. These include the Common Sense Initiative, Project XL, and Pollution
Prevention in Permitting Program (P4). In working with a variety of businesses in the context of these
initiatives, certain project participants noted that corporate manufacturing strategies and initiatives often
produced substantial resource productivity enhancements (that translate directly into improved
A truly distributed service would allow a client to use services by connecting to a broker
nearest to the client’s geographical location. By having such local broker, a client does not
have to re-connect all the way back to the broker that it was last attached to. If the client is
not satisﬁed with the response times that it experiences or if the broker that it has connected
to fails, the client could very well choose to connect to some other local broker.
In 2008 and 2009, the policy challenge was all about putting
out ﬁres. It was a call to action to address a lot of issues, and
ICI was deeply involved with regulators and other market
participants to sort things out.
This year and last, we’ve been in a dierent phase. It’s not
uncommon after any ﬁnancial crisis to have a regulatory
response, and this one has been broad and deep. Essentially,
the sprint of 2008 has turned into a marathon. You have to call
on dierent skills and dierent muscles. So now, perseverance
is the order of the day. And what...
At the end of a day and a half of presentations and discussion, participants concluded that,
while more research is needed, there are immediate opportunities to mediate the growing health
risks associated with poor eating and physical inactivity. These areas suggest both voluntary and
regulatory strategies that focus on strengthening industry accountability, while changing the
food and physical activity environment and promoting healthier behaviors.
This paper outlines the development of the sociological study of medical
autonomy and how recent reforms in medical regulation in the United Kingdom
illustrate how medical elites are proactively introducing formal performance
surveillance and appraisal mechanisms and processes within medical training as
they respond to challenges to traditional professional self-regulatory privileges,
such as greater state, inter-professional and non-medical involvement in the
governance of medical expertise.
The second model of social funds is a part of a ministry, for example,
the Bolivia fund or FOSIS in Chile, which are at the second stage. They
have more formal agreements with the ministries, they lay less em-
phasis on emergency procurement, and civil service rules are followed
Then there are the larger funds in Colombia, Costa Rica, and Mexico. These
are usually large umbrella institutions. They have no autonomy. They are
financed from the national budget. They implement or coordinate many
social programs with the objective of reaching the poorest....
Around one third of our visits were to firms for whom financial services is not their
main line of business and sell PPI as a tertiary product. Of these nearly a half had not
properly engaged with their regulatory responsibilities and had in general failed to
meet the standards of TCF and ICOB.
Motor retailers have shown some of the biggest improvements since our earlier
work, for instance, they have been proactive in changing their sales processes to
better align them with TCF objectives.
The Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM) is
responsible for cleaning up radioactive waste and environmental contamination resulting from
five decades of nuclear weapons production and testing. A major focus of this program involves
the retrieval, processing, and immobilization of waste into stable, solid waste forms for disposal.
This report, which was requested by DOE-EM, examines requirements for waste form
technology and performance in the cleanup program.
THE PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS CONSERVATION BOARD Was
created in 1938. Its responsibilities have since been expanded to all
types of energy resources, and it is now known as the Energy Resources
Conservation Board (ERCB). The occasion of the organization's
fiftieth anniversary caused many of us to think about the
significant role that the Board has played in the development of the
province's energy industry.
The ultimate responsibility for prudential standard-setting and supervision for Tier 1
FHCs must rest with a single regulator. The public has a right to expect that a clearly
identifiable entity, not a committee of multiple agencies, will be answerable for setting
standards that will protect the financial system and the public from risks posed by the
potential failure of Tier 1 FHCs.
Having been longtime observers of the mental health profession, we
have come to know the value and benefits that its professionals offer
to consumers of their services. Unfortunately, many of the consumers
whom professionals take into therapy try to do them harm in return.
With a proliferation of licensing boards and other regulatory authorities,
consumers have easier and more numerous options to seek redress
for perceived malevolent and negligent acts.
In spite of all the advances in control over the past 50
years the PID controller is still the most common controller,
see . Even if more sophisticated control laws
are used it is common practice to have an hierarchical
structure with PID control at the lowest level, see [2–5].
A survey of more than 11,000 controllers in the refining,
chemicals, and pulp and paper industries showed that
97% of regulatory controllers had the PID structure, see
. Embedded systems are also a growing area of PID
control, see .
In the wake of the 20-year anniversary of Earth Day in 1990 and the Gulf War shortly
thereafter, environmental issues and renewable energy enjoyed renewed interest. Several
states enacted new tax credits and began new loan and grant programs. In the late 1990s,
states continued to take the lead in developing programs, policies, and incentives to promote
the use of renewable energy, in part as a result of electric utility restructuring.
Consequently, as the scope and design of the WTC have evolved, particularly in response to the
national symbolic objectives and security concerns that have permeated the development, the
required costs of rebuilding have correspondingly expanded. The objective of completing the
Memorial by the ten‐year anniversary of September 11 became a public mandate to reflect the
profound national symbolism of the WTC’s timely resurrection.
States have largely abdicated regulatory authority for electronic media—television and radio—even though a review of federal pre-
emption law suggests that only transmissions into a state from out of state or on cable are preempted. In other words, broadcasts
that originate within a state are subject to state regulation. Although a state may claim such jurisdiction without a provision that
makes the authority explicit, an explicit statement of jurisdiction is substantially preferable.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Transcriptional regulatory network triggered by oxidative signals configures the early response mechanisms of japonica rice to chilling stress