Xem 1-20 trên 412 kết quả Related costs
  • You use Cost Center Accounting for controlling purposes within your organization. The costs incurred by your organization should be transparent. This enables you to check the profitability of individual functional areas and provide decision-making data for management. This requires that all costs be assigned according to their source. However, source-related assignment is especially difficult for overhead costs. Cost Center Accounting lets you analyze the overhead costs according to where they were incurred within the organization....

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  • 7,706 persons are participating in a controlled trial of alternative health insurance policies.Interim results indicate that persons fully covered for medical services spend around 50 percent more than similar persons insured with an income-related catastrophic plan.Full coverage leads to more people using services and increased hospital admissions.Once patients are admitted to the hospital, howev......

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  • Medical loss ratio likely to lead to rebates: This year, health insurers must either meet the new minimum loss ratio requirements by spending at least 80 percent of premiums on care and quality improvement or offer customers rebates in 2012. Already, 75 million Americans in plans covered by this rule are benefiting from insurers’ efforts to lower administrative costs and increase the value of their coverage. We estimate, in the small group market, one million enrollees could receive rebates averaging $312 per enrollee.

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  • The Animal Production and Health Section of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture recognises that the trend towards intensification of livestock production in developing countries presents both opportunities and challenges. The potential opportunities are the flow-on benefits to the producers and local economy while the potential challenges are the flow-on costs to the environment, animal health and welfare.

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  • You use Cost Center Accounting for controlling purposes within your organization. The costs incurred by your organization should be transparent. This enables you to check the profitability of individual functional areas and provide decision-making data for management. This requires that all costs be assigned according to their source. However, source-related assignment is especially difficult for overhead costs. Cost Center Accounting lets you analyze the overhead costs according to where they were incurred within the organization....

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  • "Diseases related to inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene are a huge burden in developing countries. It is estimated that 88% of diarrhoeal disease is caused by unsafe water supply, and inadequate sanitation and hygiene (WHO, 2004c). Many schools serve communities that have a high prevalence of diseases related to inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene, and where child malnutrition and other underlying health problems are common.

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  • Obesity and its associated disorders, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease, have now reached epidemic proportions in the Western world, resulting in dramatic increases in healthcare costs. Understanding the pro-cesses and metabolic perturbations that contribute to the expansion of adi-pose depots accompanying obesity is central to the development of appropriate therapeutic strategies.

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  • Learning objectives of this chapter include: Describe the budgeting process and the benefits it provides; explain the relationship between budgeting and human behavior; prepare a sales budget and related schedule of cash receipts; prepare an inventory purchases budget and related schedule of cash payments;...

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  • The Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) is a relatively small surface combatant vessel intended to perform littoral or coastal missions where highspeed maneuverability, agility, and sprint speed are required. In early 2005, the U.S. Navy commissioned the RAND Corporation to evaluate the operational, logistical, and cost implications of modules being developed and put into service aboard the LCS, a new platform that, through modular design, can be rapidly reconfigured to suit changing tactical situations. The ships will com...

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  • We propose using large-scale clustering of dependency relations between verbs and multiword nouns (MNs) to construct a gazetteer for named entity recognition (NER). Since dependency relations capture the semantics of MNs well, the MN clusters constructed by using dependency relations should serve as a good gazetteer. However, the high level of computational cost has prevented the use of clustering for constructing gazetteers.

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  • Many errors produced by unsupervised and semi-supervised relation extraction (RE) systems occur because of wrong recognition of entities that participate in the relations. This is especially true for systems that do not use separate named-entity recognition components, instead relying on general-purpose shallow parsing. Such systems have greater applicability, because they are able to extract relations that contain attributes of unknown types. However, this generality comes with the cost in accuracy.

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  • Discovering the significant relations embedded in documents would be very useful not only for information retrieval but also for question answering and summarization. Prior methods for relation discovery, however, needed large annotated corpora which cost a great deal of time and effort. We propose an unsupervised method for relation discovery from large corpora. The key idea is clustering pairs of named entities according to the similarity of context words intervening between the named entities. ...

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  • Questioning texts represented in semantic relations I requires the recognition that synonyms, instances, and hyponyms may all satisfy a questioned term. A basic procedure for accomplishing such loose matching using inheritance from a taxonomic organization of the dictionary is defined in analogy with the unification a!gorithm used for theorem proving, and the costs of its application are analyzed. It is concluded tl,at inherit,~nce logic can profitably be ixiclu.'ted in the basic questioning procedure. ...

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  • In lecture Principles of economics - Chapter 5 you will: Examine what items are included in a firm’s costs of production, analyze the link between a firm’s production process and its total costs, learn the meaning of average total cost and marginal cost and how they are related, consider the shape of a typical firm’s cost curves, examine the relationship between short-run and long-run costs.

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  • After reading chapter 7, you should be able to: Explain why economic costs include both explicit (revealed and expressed) costs and implicit (present but not obvious) costs; relate the law of diminishing returns to a firm’s short-run production costs; describe the distinctions between fixed and variable costs and among total, average, and marginal costs; use economies of scale to link a firm’s size and its average costs in the long run.

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  • Good project management in construction must vigorously pursue the efficient utilization of labor material and equipment. Improvement of labor productivity should be a major and continual concern of those who are responsible for cost control of construted facilities...

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  • This text is aimed at students of economics and the closely related disciplines of accountancy and business, and provides examples and problems relevant to those subjects, using real data where possible. The book is at an elementary level and requires no prior knowledge of statistics, nor advanced mathematics. For those with a weak mathematical background and in need of some revision, some recommended texts are given at the end of this preface.

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  • CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Cost and Management Accounting in a Global Business Environment After completing this chapter, you should be able to answer the following questions: How do financial and management accounting relate to each other? How does cost accounting relate to financial and management accounting?

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  • "Customer Relationship Management: The Winning Strategy in a Challenging Economy" As the economic environment continues to fluctuate, many organizations are asking themselves what strategies they can pursue to bring tangible business benefits while taking stock of the economic conditions. In a growth economy, businesses typically work hard to expand their customer base and spend aggressively to stoke the growth engine. When money is tight however, existing customer relationships grow in importance as organizations seek a cost-effective way to nurture business expansion.

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  • The questionnaire consisted of both multiple choice questions and qualitative questions. The quantitative questions focused on two main areas: (a) the usefulness of the course and various course components for the enhancement of the students’ academic writing skills and abilities, and (b) the usefulness of the course in helping them write their other course-work related assignments and research reports.

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