Xem 1-20 trên 77 kết quả Related methodologies
  • The Animal Production and Health Section of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture recognises that the trend towards intensification of livestock production in developing countries presents both opportunities and challenges. The potential opportunities are the flow-on benefits to the producers and local economy while the potential challenges are the flow-on costs to the environment, animal health and welfare.

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  • We present work on linking events and fluents (i.e., relations that hold for certain periods of time) to temporal information in text, which is an important enabler for many applications such as timelines and reasoning. Previous research has mainly focused on temporal links for events, and we extend that work to include fluents as well, presenting a common methodology for linking both events and relations to timestamps within the same sentence.

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  • Is the value of reducing environmental risk greater for children than for adults? If so, what does this mean for policy makers? This report, the final output of the Valuation of Environment-Related Health Impacts (VERHI) project, presents new research findings on these key environmental policy questions. The authors estimate a "VSL" (Value of a Statistical Life) for children and adults based on new methodological approaches for valuing children’s health.

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  • Although much work on relation extraction has aimed at obtaining static facts, many of the target relations are actually fluents, as their validity is naturally anchored to a certain time period. This paper proposes a methodological approach to temporally anchored relation extraction. Our proposal performs distant supervised learning to extract a set of relations from a natural language corpus, and anchors each of them to an interval of temporal validity, aggregating evidence from documents supporting the relation. ...

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  • Foreign direct investment may improve productivity through technology transfer on the one hand, and it may also have other positive external effects through corporate linkages (e.g. market access, or improved terms of financing) on the other hand, thus promoting economic growth. These beneficial effects are not automatic, though. Until the mid-nineties Hungary had played a leading role within the region in attracting investments. After 1999, however, the country started accumulating increasing competitive disadvantages as compared to its competitors.

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  • This paper addresses issues in financial sector regulation from two perspectives. First, it reports on the state of implementation of financial regulatory standards across banking, insurance, and securities sectors in a select group of Fund member countries. Second, it raises issues relating to the design of these three sector standards, arising from the implementation experience and the evolving structure of financial systems. In this regard, the paper identifies a few emerging regulatory risks and some cross-sectoral issues that may warrant further guidance by standard setters....

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  • The umbrella term Social Sciences and Humanities refers to a plurality of fields outside the Natural or Physical Sciences. Disciplines as different as anthropology, archeology, architecture, art, cultural studies, economics, education, geography and environmental studies, history, law, languages and linguistics, political science, philosophy, psychology, sociology or translation studies, all share the concern for human relations and socio-cultural practices.

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  • They use geological and distribution data on the island’s 1,284 plant genera and more than 2,000 endemic plant taxa to identify 19 biomes there, and they describe complex conservation challenges. The next chapter by Benny Chan and Pei-Fen Lee explores the biogeography of the barnacles of Taiwan, relating taxon distributions to coastal geomorphology and the complex array of oceanic currents around the island. Global climate changes in ocean water temperature may permit southerly, warmwater taxa to expand northward, invading habitat presently occupied by coldwater taxa....

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  • The five instances of insurance fraud reflected in Table 10 resulted from individu- als who supplied fraudulent information on applications for term life policies. As set forth in FinCEN regulations, 22 an insurance company is not required to report in- stances of suspected insurance fraud unless the company has reason to believe that the false or fraudulent submission of information relates to money laundering or terrorist financing.

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  • Early interest in selenium by nutritionists concerned its high concentration in certain range plants and the consequent toxicosis in animals that grazed those plants. More recently, the essential nature of selenium has become the center of attention, and this element is now known to be required by laboratory animals, food animals (including fish), and humans. Its role as an integral feature of glutathione peroxidase has been established, and other possible functions are under active investigation.

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  • A gender audit is essentially a “social audit”, and belongs to the category of “quality audits”, which distinguishes it from traditional “fi nancial audits”. It considers whether internal practices and related support systems for gender mainstreaming are effective and reinforce each other and whether they are being followed. It establishes a baseline; identifi es critical gaps and challenges; and recommends ways of addressing them, suggesting possible improvements and innovations. It also documents good practices towards the achievement of gender equality.

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  • The Graziadio School focuses on the professional and personal development of business professionals, managers, and senior executives. The school’s programs prepare individuals for leadership positions in a wide variety of industrial, educational, nonprofit, and other service organizations. The school views leadership as being applicable at all levels of the organization that require management and stewardship of resources toward the accomplishment of stated objectives. Programs are organized from an integrated, interdisciplinary perspective.

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  • Once this has been achieved, her meaning in the process is at an end, it does not last into the world of law and language except as a memory which oscillates between memory of maternal plenitude and memory of lack. Both are posited on nature (or on anatomy in Freud's famous phrase). Woman's desire is subjected to her image as bearer of the bleeding wound, she can exist only in relation to castration and cannot transcend it. She turns her child into the signifier of her own desire to possess a penis (the condition, she imagines, of entry into...

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  • Because larger firms are much more likely to be covered by collective bargaining contracts and works councils, a closely related issue concerns the independent role of firm size in providing wage insurance. As firm size is typically viewed as a good proxy for capital market access (e.g., Gertler and Gilchrist 1994), insurance contracts should be particularly apparent for individuals working at larger employers.

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  • The paper presents and discusses the methodology used and the results obtained by the application of the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) on a set of socio-economical and land use data collected in the Duy Tien district (Ha Nam province), Vietnam. Objective of this study is to use PCA as a data reduction method to verify if a relation could be established between the quantities of waste generated in a region and its land use and socio-economical characteristics.

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  • This paper attempts to measure and analyze the interdependent economic relations between the countries of Thailand and Vietnam, made possible by constructing a bilateral inputoutput (I-O) table linking the said two countries. It is an inter-regional type of I-O models that provides a compact and comprehensive accounting framework to quantify the economic interrelationships among and between industries located in the study regions.

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  • Beginning with Titman and Wessels (1988), then Rajan and Zingales (1995) and more recently Frank and Goyal (2004), the empirical corporate finance literature has converged to a limited set of variables that are reliably related to the leverage of non-financial firms. Leverage is positively correlated with size and collateral, and is negatively correlated with profits, market-to-book ratio and dividends.

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  • We used the approach outlined above to plan, develop, assess and revise, and test and re-test the notice drafts. We used various qualitative research methodologies to collect consumer input to develop alternative privacy notices or components of notices that consumers can understand and use. The various qualitative methods took place during the first three stages (Plan, Develop, and Assess/Revise) of Kleimann’s Information Design Model. Although the final step of the Information Design Model is Evaluation, this chapter does not discuss evaluation.

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  • The AICPA has established professional standards that apply to financial audits and attestation engagements for nonissuers (entities other than issuers26 under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, such as privately held companies, nonprofit entities, and government entities) performed by certified public accountants (CPA). For financial audits and attestation engagements, GAGAS incorporates by reference AICPA standards, as discussed in paragraph 2.08. b.

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  • This book is the result of a good four years of research, conducted at the Department of International Law and International Relations of the University of Amsterdam. At this point, I would like to take the opportunity to thank the many persons that have been of fundamental importance to me over this period of time.

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