Relative distribution

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  • his monograph presents methods for full comparative distributional analysis based on the relative distribution. This provides a general integrated framework for analysis, a graphical component that simplifies exploratory data analysis and display, a statistically valid basis for the development of hypothesis-driven summary measures, and the potential for decomposition - enabling the examination of complex hypotheses regarding the origins of distributional changes within and between groups.

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  • From this Chapter we will study thermal properties of matter, that is what means the terms “hot” or “cold”, what is the difference between “heat” and “temparature”, and the laws relative to these concepts. We will know that the thermal phenomena are determined by internal motions of molecules inside a matter. There exists a form of energy which is called thermal energy, or “heat”, which is the total energy of all molecular motions, or internal energy.

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  • This paper describes an approach to identifying the syntactic role of an antecedent in a Korean relative clause, which is essential to structural disambiguation and semantic analysis. In a learning phase, linguistic knowledge such as conceptual co-occurrence patterns and syntactic role distribution of antecedents is extracted from a large-scale corpus. Then, in an application phase, the extracted knowledge is applied in determining the correct syntactic role of an antecedent in relative clauses.

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  • Introduction to Differential Geometry and General Relativity Lecture Notes by Stefan Waner, with a Special Guest Lecture by Gregory C. Levine Department of Mathematics, Hofstra University These notes are dedicated to the memory of Hanno Rund. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Preliminaries: Distance, Open Sets, Parametric Surfaces and Smooth Functions 2. Smooth Manifolds and Scalar Fields 3. Tangent Vectors and the Tangent Space 4. Contravariant and Covariant Vector Fields 5. Tensor Fields 6. Riemannian Manifolds 7. Locally Minkowskian Manifolds: An Introduction to Relativity 8.

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  • We describe and evaluate experimentally a method for clustering words according to their distribution in particular syntactic contexts. Words are represented by the relative frequency distributions of contexts in which they appear, and relative entropy between those distributions is used as the similarity measure for clustering. Clusters are represented by average context distributions derived from the given words according to their probabilities of cluster membership.

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  • This paper presents results from experiments in automatic classification of animacy for Norwegian nouns using decision-tree classifiers. The method makes use of relative frequency measures for linguistically motivated morphosyntactic features extracted from an automatically annotated corpus of Norwegian. The classifiers are evaluated using leave-oneout training and testing and the initial results are promising (approaching 90% accuracy) for high frequency nouns, however deteriorate gradually as lower frequency nouns are classified.

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  • Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy.[1] Biology is a vast subject containing many subdivisions, topics, and disciplines.

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  • This book addresses the theme of the impacts of global warming on different specific fields, ranging from the regional and global economy, to agriculture, human health, urban areas, land vegetation, marine areas and mangroves. Despite the volume of scientific work that has been undertaken in relation to each of each of these issues, the study of the impacts of global warming upon them is a relatively recent and unexplored topic. The chapters of this book offer a broad overview of potential applications of global warming science.

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  •   The relative distribution of market value across the sectors is shown in Figure 3. Six of the 23 products  and services ‐ Alternative Fuels (17.3%), Building Technologies (12.1%), Alternative Fuels for Vehicles  (11.8%), Wind (10.7%), Geothermal (8.7%) and Waste Water Treatment (7.4%) ‐ together account for  60% of total market value.

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  • In general, planning a special event or mass gathering should begin well in advance of the event. One of the first steps in planning an event is to bring together those who are hosting the event with those who are responsible for the public safety within the community. A multidisciplinary planning team or committee should be composed of the promoter or sponsor and any agency that holds a functional stake in the event (e.g., emergency management, law enforcement, fire and rescue, public works/utilities, public health, etc.).

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  • Synchronization is the coordination of events to operate a system in unison. The familiar conductor of an orchestra serves to keep the orchestra in time. Systems operating with all their parts in synchrony are said to be synchronous or in sync. Firefighters marching in a parade Some systems may be only approximately synchronized, or plesiochronous. For some applications relative offsets between events need to be determined, for others only the order of the event is important. Today, synchronization can occur on a global basis due to GPS-enabled timekeeping systems....

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  • When seen from space, “Planet Earth” is a mix of clouds, with the majority (two thirds) of the total surface under ocean water with the remaining third of land forming what we call continents, with various degrees of increasing albedo from open water bodies, vegetation, bare soil, rocks, deserts, and snow/ice packs. In a very short time (relative to Earth's age), the modern human civilization has conquered its neighboring space with probes, satellites, and vehicles carrying humans for exploration.

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  • CHIlD LABOR IN VIETNAM: THE RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF POVERTY. RETURNS TO EDUCATION. LABOR MOB ILTTY. AND CREDIT CONSTRAINTS A Model of Tiebout Sorting on Exogenous Community Attributes In this section, I build a formal model of the Tiebout sorting process described above. As my interest is in the demand side of the market under full information, I treat the distribution of school effectiveness as exogenous and known to all market participants.

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  • Continuing improvements led to the furnace and bellows and provided the ability to smelt and forge native metals (naturally occurring in relatively pure form).[38] Gold, copper, silver, and lead, were such early metals. The advantages of copper tools over stone, bone, and wooden tools were quickly apparent to early humans, and native copper was probably used from near the beginning of Neolithic times (about 8000 BC).[39] Native copper does not naturally occur in large amounts, but copper ores are quite common and some of them produce metal easily when burned in wood or charcoal fires.

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  • The current study was undertaken in a new manufactured house set up as a research facility. The plan was to conduct longitudinal measurements of VOC concentrations in the house along with measurements of key physical parameters including house air change rate, indoor and outdoor temperature and relative humidity, and wind conditions over a period of approximately one year. The primary objective was to evaluate changes in the emissions of formaldehyde and other VOCs in response to time, house air change rate, and the other parameters.

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  • Similarly, policy documents may set certain limitations on the executive. For example, the board may have a policy regarding finances that states the executive will not un- reasonably risk organizational assets, including property, unnecessary liability, insuf- ficient fund controls, or investing organizational surplus in insecure instruments. Or the board may have a policy limiting the executive from imprudent business practices, such as treating employees unfairly or choosing violating ethical standards relative to the organization’s field of practice.

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  • The relative biological effectiveness of radiations of different quality is examined in detail in this report. The analyses were performed by Scientific Committee 40 of the NCRP which is charged with the responsibility for analysis and evaluation of radiobiological data relevant to radiation protection recommendations. This report is a follow-on to the previous report of Scientific Committee 40 on its evaluation of the effects of dose rate which was published in 1980 as NCRP Report No.

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  • Mulford et al conclude that attractive people ‘have more opportunities for social exchange, but those opportunities are with others who are relatively inclined to cooperate.’ (1998, 1585). Significantly, the same researchers also identify subjects’ perceptions of their own attractiveness as important determinants of behaviour. It is important to recognise the emotional aspect of beauty.

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  • Overall program educational goals describe a general overview of what the program is intended to achieve. These create a framework for expectations on the part of residents, faculty, and others in the program, and should not be a ‘laundry list’ of learning objectives. These must be distributed to residents and faculty annually, either electronically or on paper. While the program requirements do not specifically state that goals be reviewed with residents, programs may have a process in place that ensures the residents both know and understand these overall goals.

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  • Obwona (2000) estimated a trans log production function to determine technical efficiency differentials between small- and medium-scale tobacco farmers in Uganda using a stochastic frontier approach. The estimated efficiencies were explained by socioeconomic and demographic factors. The results showed that, credit accessibility extension services and farm assets contribute positively towards the improvement of efficiency.

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