objective or subjective, when making decisions under uncertainty. This is especially true
when the consequences of the decisions can have a significant impact, financial or
otherwise. Most of us make everyday personal decisions this way, using an intuitive process
based on our experience and subjective judgments.
Mainstream statistical analysis, however, seeks objectivity by generally restricting the
information used in an analysis to that obtained from a current set of clearly relevant data.
Research objectives: Estimating the size of populations high risk to HIV (people who inject drug, female sex workers) applying different methods in Can Tho in 2012-2013; assessing reliability and feasibility of a number of methods to estimate the size of high risk to HIV populations.
Due to economic growth and increasing population, energy demands must be satisfied
in a sustainable manner assuring inherent safety, efficiency and minimized
environmental impact. Nuclear power has long posed a dilemma for
environmentalists and scientists alike. On the one hand it is seen as a cheap, clean
energy source whilst on the other some have concerns over its ability to dispose of
Gaps in knowledge were detected in the
course of this review. These are summarized
in the following section, which also
suggests directions for further investigation.
Further study and regular dietary
monitoring are needed in order to know
more about food consumption habits in
seniors. These investigations must be
adapted to the reality of targeted aging
populations using precise measurements,
diverse approaches, appropriate methods
and accurate dietary assessment tools to
reflect the great heterogeneity typical of
Short-term benefits have been noted in studies comparing immediate start of COC with
conventional start.14 In a randomised trial, those who were quick started were more likely to
start their second pack of pills (OR 1.5; 95% CI 1.0–2.1). However at 3 and 6 months,
continuation rates were comparable between the two groups.16 This study involved mainly
socially deprived young Latino women and therefore these findings may not translate to
other groups of women.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: A Korean version of the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (OIDP) scale in elderly populations: Validity, reliability and prevalence
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài:
Establishing the reliability and validity of the Zagazig Depression Scale in a UK student population: an online pilot study
School location influences travel distance, which in turn influences travel behavior
(McDonald, 2005; 2008; McMillan, 2005; McMillan et al, 2006). School commuting
via walking and bicycling decreased from 41% in 1969 to 13% in 2003, with the largest
decreases among nonwhite elementary students; roughly half (47%) of the decline was
explained by the increased distance between home and school (McDonald, 2008).
Changes in the school-age population, including race and child age, and changing
attitudes towards school travel likely explain some of the decline as well.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Validation and test-retest reliability of the Royal Free Interview for Spiritual and Religious Beliefs when adapted to a Greek population...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học đề tài : The reliability, validity and responsiveness of the Restless Legs Syndrome Quality of Life questionnaire (RLSQoL) in a trial population
Despite the availability of standard instruments for evaluating health-related quality life (HRQoL), the
feasibility, reliability, and validity of such instruments among tuberculosis (TB) patients in different populations of
sub-Saharan Africa where TB burden is of concern, is still lacking.
Objective: We established the feasibility, reliability, and validity of the Medical Outcomes Survey (MOS) in assessing
HRQoL among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Kampala, Uganda.
Internal audit technologies can greatly improve the efficiency, quality and
consistency of the audit process. Data analysis software can also enhance the
audit by allowing the computerised testing of entire populations of data as
opposed to relying on detail testing of sample data.
Internal audit infrastructure and methodologies can be developed internally or
acquired from a third party. PricewaterhouseCoopers, for example, offers the
TeamMate™, an integrated electronic working paper software application
designed specifically for internal auditors.
These damaging effects of poverty on child health
can be reduced by well designed policies. Various
options have been reviewed by some of us.
summarises approaches used in different countries to
improve health inputs and services in poor populations,
with emphasis on those related to child health. Several
different—and generally complementary—approaches
are possible. Improvement of knowledge and changing
of behaviour among poor mothers has been achieved in
many settings, in areas as diverse as handwashing for
diarrhoea prevention and nutrition counselling.
At the onset of the 21st century, we are searching for reliable and sustainable energy
sources that have a potential to support growing economies developing at accelerated
growth rates, technology advances improving quality of life and becoming available to
larger and larger populations. We have to make sure that this continuous quest for
prosperity does not backfire via catastrophic irreversible climate changes, and
depleted or limited resources that may challenge very existence of future generations.
Area, constant a Constant B Constant b Constant C Coefficient of variation d Diameter Fi /th failure, cumulative distribution function F(JC) Cumulative distribution function corresponding to x ft Class frequency f(x) Probability density function corresponding to x h Simpson's rule interval i failure number, index LN Lognormal TV Normal n design factor, sample size, population n mean of design factor distribution P Probability, probability of failure R Reliability, probability of success or survival...
The data we use to address these questions are taken from a large-scale matched
worker-ﬁrm data set for Germany, the IAB Linked Employer-Employee data set
(LIAB). This data set links the IAB-Establishment Panel with individual data for
the entire population of workers from the Employment Statistics Register. Due to
its administrative nature, one of the major advantages of this data set is that it
oﬀers very reliable information on individual daily wages inclusive of supplemental
pay as long as such pay is subject to social security contributions.