In my professional life I have been asked many times the simple
question: What is transpersonal psychology, counselling or psychotherapy?
The answer is straightforward: it is a broad transcultural theory of
human nature that posits that human beings are more than physical and
psychological beings, with some form of spirituality being a reasonable
bet. Oh, and by the way, it is also a discrete field of study that could be
conceived as having had about 40 years of academic recognition.
The presence or lack of these five factors was the determinant of the role of religion in the
given conflict. Due to the nature of this methodology these are debateable findings. For
instance one leader may declare simply ‘May God bless us and watch over us’ whereas
another may declare that ‘God calls us, his chosen people, to annihilate our enemies’. Both
are employing a religious discourse yet there is clearly a difference in severity. Measuring this
The objective of medicine is to address people’s unavoidable
needs for emotional and physical healing. The discipline has
evolved over millennia by drawing on the religious beliefs and
social structures of numerous indigenous peoples, by exploit-
ing natural products in their environments, and more recently
by developing and validating therapeutic and preventive
approaches using the scientific method.
Law concerns the relations of individuals with one
another as such relations affect the social and economic
order. It is both the product of civilization
and the means by which civilization is maintained. As such,
law reflects the social, economic, political, religious, and
moral philosophy of society. The laws of the United States
influence the lives of every U.S. citizen. At the same time,
the laws of each State influence the lives of its citizens and
the lives of many noncitizens as well.
Political economy or economics is a study of mankind in the ordinary business of life; it examines that part of
individual and social action which is most closely connected with the attainment and with the use of the material requisites
Thus it is on the one side a study of wealth; and on the other, and more important side, a part of the study of man. For
man's character has been moulded by his every-day work, and the material resources which he thereby procures, more than
by any other influence unless it be that of his religious ideals; and the two great forming...
From the outset, we must recognize that ‘there is an extreme variation in religious
Therefore, how people experience God will impact how they understand war
and violence. John Crossan, one of the world’s leading authorities on Christianity, concludes
that our understanding of war and violence is dependant upon the ‘character’ of our God.
there is room to doubt that, at the end of the day, the difference in the tendency of states to go
to war depends on which religious tradition primarily influences them. The better indicators
The book I have had the privilege of translating is, undoubtedly, one of the most remarkable studies of the social and psychological condition of the modern world which has appeared in Europe for many years, and its influence is sure to be lasting and far reaching. Tolstoi's genius is beyond dispute. The verdict of the civilized world has pronounced him as perhaps the greatest novelist of our generation. But the philosophical and religious works of his later years have met with a somewhat indifferent reception. They have been much talked about, simply because they were his work, but, as...
In some countries, the possibility of women
migrating may be influenced by religious and other
sociocultural constraints. A study of Asian migration
demonstrated that while women dominate migration
flows from countries such as the Philippines and
Sri Lanka, sociocultural factors in countries such as
Bangladesh and Pakistan apparently limit female
emigration (Battistella 2003, 1-33).
Access to basic services in the community is also likely to influence the health of elders. For instance,
having an accessible health care provider will enable elderly persons to obtain needed medical attention more
easily (IOM, 2002). Similarly, ready access to a full service grocery store will provide better and more
affordable access to food supplies. Proper nutrition is known to contribute to better health in the elderly (IOM,
2000). The presence of religious institutions in the community may provide social supports that have protective
effects on health (Krause, 1998). ...
Much social science research on child development has focused on the role
played by social class and socioeconomic factors like childhood poverty and
family income, low parent education, and the more limited opportunities and
negative influences faced by minority children. And indeed, the survey data show
that the developmental problems listed above are more common among children
from low-income families, families where parents have less than a high school
education, and Black and Hispanic families.
I have had the privilege of translating is, undoubtedly, one of the most remarkable studies of the social and psychological condition of the modern world which has appeared in Europe for many years, and its influence is sure to be lasting and far reaching. Tolstoi's genius is beyond dispute. The verdict of the civilized world has pronounced him as perhaps the greatest novelist of our generation. But the philosophical and religious works of his later years have met with a somewhat indifferent reception.
In universal history there is no more interesting subject for the consideration of the political student than the
record of Russian progress through Central Asia.
In one sense this advance is a practical reestablishment or extension of the influence of the Aryan race in
countries long dominated by peoples of Turki or Mongolian origin; in another sense it has resulted in a
transition from the barbarism or rude forms of Asiatic life to the enlightenment and higher moral development
of a European age.