To the student of the origins of Christianity there is naturally no period of Western history of greater interest
and importance than the first century of our era; and yet how little comparatively is known about it of a really
definite and reliable nature.
John Hudson peered at me over his half-moons. A rm frown was on his forehead. His
hands were folded rmly on his desk.
‘Say that one more time, lad’, he grunted in his familiar and frequently feared North
I gulped and let it go one more time.
‘I don’t think the work I am doing here is worthwhile. I mean, I could be researching
cancer – something bene cial for mankind. But I’m working on beer – what puts
bubbles on a pint, why lager tastes of sweetcorn, how to choose the best barley.
There are some advanced level subjects which provide suitable preparation
for entry to university generally, but which we do not include within the
facilitating subjects, because there are relatively few degree programmes
where an advanced level qualification in these subjects would be a
requirement for entry. Examples of such subjects include Economics,
Religious Studies and Welsh. Advanced-level Welsh has separate curricula
for first- and second-language Welsh speakers.
An organization must provide individuals with an opportunity to choose (opt out) if and how the personal information they provide is
used or disclosed to third parties, if such use is not compatible with the original purpose for which the information was collected.
Individuals must be provided with clear, readily available, and affordable mechanisms to exercise this option.
Globalization is the process of coming together as a closely
connected global community. It began thousands of years
ago, when tribal groups and small hunting parties wandered from
place to place. The process accelerated following Columbus’s epic
voyage more than five centuries ago. Europeans—an estimated
50 million of them—spread out to occupy lands throughout the
world. This migration transformed the distribution of the world’s
peoples and their cultures forever. In the United States and Can-
ada, for example, most people speak a West European language.
In Latin America, the rates of institutionalization
of older people range from 1% to 4%. Institutional
care is no longer considered unacceptable for an
older person but is seen as an alternative for
families. The government-sponsored asilos, large
institutions resembling the early English workhouses,
have been converted into smaller facilities
with professional staff from many disciplines.
Other homes are operated by religious communities
of immigrant origin.
In the Christian tradition, the doctrine of ‘just war’ has evolved throughout the last 1,700
years, originating with St. Augustine and later significantly shaped by St Thomas Aquinas,
both of whom developed ideas of the Greek philosopher Aristotle and the Roman philosopher
Saint Augustine (354-430) served as Bishop of Hippo for 34 years. His idea of just
war has two foundations. The first, owing much to the Eastern religious traditions, is that in
all things a person should not act out of selfish considerations.
In an essay on "The Problem of Philosophy at the Present Time," Professor Edward Caird says that
"philosophy is not a first venture into a new field of thought, but the rethinking of a secular and religious
consciousness which has been developed, in the main, independently of philosophy."[vii:A] If there be any
inspiration and originality in this book, they are due to my great desire that philosophy should appear in its
vital relations to more familiar experiences.
This miniaturization of huge trees is an ancient art in China and Japan. It has been linked to intellectual and religious philosophies and is a difficult art form to do well.
The controversy continues about where bonsai originated, the vote seems to favor China, although the art developed over thousands of years from its beginnings and really took hold in Japan in what were the middle ages in Europe where it was the province of the upper castes.
In universal history there is no more interesting subject for the consideration of the political student than the
record of Russian progress through Central Asia.
In one sense this advance is a practical reestablishment or extension of the influence of the Aryan race in
countries long dominated by peoples of Turki or Mongolian origin; in another sense it has resulted in a
transition from the barbarism or rude forms of Asiatic life to the enlightenment and higher moral development
of a European age.
Another book on Emmanuel Levinas? In the context of the incomplete
and still unpredictable “return of religion” to academic and public
discourse, the work of Levinas becomes more pertinent, even as criticism
of it becomes more caustic. As the interaction but also the tension between
the religious and the secular increases, Levinas stands out among modern
thinkers for the original way he weaves together the religious and the secular