The Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment is a vitally important scientific publication and an equally
important contribution to global public policy. The Encyclopedia brings together a remarkable range of
cutting-edge scientific knowledge on all aspects of soil science, as well as the links of soils and soil science to
environmental management, food production, biodiversity, climate change, and many other areas of significant
The extraordinary ability of the chemical element carbon to combine with itself
and other chemical elements in different ways is the basis of organic chemistry
and of life. This chemical versatility also gives rise to a rich diversity of
structural forms of solid carbon. This introductory chapter is an attempt to
survey the very wide range of carbon materials that is now available with
emphasis on chemical bonding and microstructure.
The process of collecting and analyzing the data is critical in healthcare as it constitutes the basis for categorization of patient health
problems. Data collected in medical practice ranges from free form text to structured text, numerical measurements, recorded
signals, and imaging data.
Bài viết tổng quát cho sự bất bình đẳng Variational với một công thức thiết lập giá trị một số kết quả vô hướng và bất bình đẳng Minty vector biến phân loại khác biệt. Nó khẳng định rằng sự tồn tại của một giải pháp của bất đẳng thức biến phân (thiết lập giá trị) là tương đương với một tài sản ngày càng tăng cùng-quang chức năng thiết lập có giá trị...
The micro- and nano- transport of biomolecules is of interest to a wide range of scientific and
engineering communities. Application areas include miniaturized technology that will support and
advance key sectors, including healthcare, food provisioning, environment services, etc. This ebook
is generally intended for undergraduate students from chemical, life and physical sciences
wanting to find out about the basic properties of biomolecules and how they can be transported in
liquids on the micro- to nano-scale.
Milk evolved as a means of providing for the postnatal needs of the developing
mammalian neonate. Any perception that milk is a simple, homogeneous fluid does
not adequately acknowledge the remarkable array of complex activities and
functionalities of its constituent components.
For more than 30 years there has been remarkable growth in the need for
quality water purification by all categories of users – municipal, industrial,
institutional, medical, commercial and residential. The increasingly broad
range of requirements for water quality has motivated the water treatment
industry to refine existing techniques, combine methods and explore new
water purification technologies.
Overharvesting has led to severe reductions in the abundance
and range of nearly every large vertebrate species that
humans have ever found worth pursuing. These megafaunal
reductions, dating in some cases from first contact with early
peoples (Martin 1973), are widely known. In contrast,
remarkably little is known about the ecological consequences
of megafaunal extirpations. Whales and whaling are part of
that legacy. Most people know that large whales have been
depleted, but little thought has been given to how the depletions
may have influenced ocean ecosystems.
On 21 March 1990 John Hammersley celebrates his seventieth birthday.
A number of his colleagues and friends wish to pay tribute on this
occasion to a mathematician whose exceptional inventiveness has greatly
enriched mathematical science.
The breadth and versatility of Hammersley’s interests are remarkable,
doubly so in an age of increased specialisation. In a range of highly individual
papers on a variety of topics, he has theorised, and posed (and solved)
problems, thereby laying the foundations for many subjects currently under
We prove that Cayley graphs of SL2 (Fp ) are expanders with respect to the projection of any ﬁxed elements in SL(2, Z) generating a non-elementary subgroup, and with respect to generators chosen at random in SL2 (Fp ). 1. Introduction Expanders are highly-connected sparse graphs widely used in computer science, in areas ranging from parallel computation to complexity theory and cryptography; recently they also have found some remarkable applications in pure mathematics; see ,, , ,  and references therein. ...
Kataoka et al. AMB Express 2011, 1:10 http://www.amb-express.com/content/1/1/10
Development of butanol-tolerant Bacillus subtilis strain GRSW2-B1 as a potential bioproduction host
Naoya Kataoka1, Takahisa Tajima1, Junichi Kato1, Wanitcha Rachadech2 and Alisa S Vangnai
Abstract As alternative microbial hosts for butanol production with organic-solvent tolerant trait are in high demands, a butanol-tolerant bacterium, Bacillus subtilis GRSW2-B1, was thus isolated.
For over three months No. 3 Squadron had been occupied daily in ranging the heavy guns which night after
night crept into their allotted positions in front of Albert. On July 1st 1916 the Somme offensive opened with
gas and smoke and a bombardment of unprecedented severity. To the pilots and observers in an artillery
squadron the beginning of this battle brought a certain relief, for we were rather tired of flying up and down,
being shot at continually by fairly accurate and remarkably well hidden anti-aircraft batteries, while we
registered endless guns on uninteresting points.
This book captures the experiences and voices of over 6,000 people who have
received international assistance, observed the effects of aid efforts, or been involved
in providing aid. Over time, across very different contexts and continents, people’s
experiences with international aid efforts have been remarkably consistent. While
there was a wide range of opinions on specifics, the authors were struck by the
similarity in people’s descriptions of their interactions with the international aid
In both groups (patients with epilepsy and healthy controls) we used a questionnaire
Epworth Scale of Sleepiness (ESS) (Johns, 1991). By answering eight questions about
probability of falling asleep in standard situations we came to the result, i.e. score of
daytime sleepiness ranging from 0 to 24. Rate 0-9 is considered as normal value, above 9 as
elevated daytime sleepiness and value above 16 is considered as remarkably elevated
daytime sleepiness (Watanabe et al., 2003).
Temperature has a strong influence on most individual biochemical reac-tions. Despite this, many organisms have the remarkable ability to keep
certain physiological fluxes approximately constant over an extended tem-perature range. In this study, we show how temperature compensation can
be considered as a pathway phenomenon rather than the result of a single-enzyme property.
The ring-hydroxylating dioxygenase (RHD) from Sphingomonas CHY-1 is
remarkable due to its ability to initiate the oxidation of a wide range of
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including PAHs containing
four- and five-fused rings, known pollutants for their toxic nature.
This work models Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD) problem as a Distributed Constraint Optimization Problem (DCOP). To model WSD as a DCOP, we view information from various knowledge sources as constraints. DCOP algorithms have the remarkable property to jointly maximize over a wide range of utility functions associated with these constraints. We show how utility functions can be designed for various knowledge sources.
In this opening chapter, we outline some of the most influential (and
most contested) definitions of health, and approaches to health promotion.
Although some success has been claimed for health promotion interventions,
in general the results to date have been modest: for example, safer
sex campaigns in preventing HIV infection among gay men. In other areas
efforts have been remarkably disappointing, notably in preventing smoking
uptake among adolescents. ‘Health promotion’ is a term which has
been applied to a very wide range of activities performed in many and