Xem 1-20 trên 56 kết quả Renewal of economics
  • To an economist, a contract is an agreement under which two parties make reciprocal commitments in terms of their behavior - a bilateral coordination arrangement. Of course, this formulation touches on the legal concept of the contract (a meeting of minds creating effects in law), but also transcends it.

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  • The aim of the Handbooks in Economics series is to produce Handbooks for various branches of economics, each of which is a definitive source, reference, and teaching supplement for use by professional researchers and advanced graduate students. Each Handbook provides self-contained surveys of the current state of a branch of economics in the form of chapters prepared by leading specialists ...

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  • This book includes solar energy, wind energy, hybrid systems, biofuels, energy management and efficiency, optimization of renewable energy systems and much more. Subsequently, the book presents the physical and technical principles of promising ways of utilizing renewable energies. The authors provide the important data and parameter sets for the major possibilities of renewable energies utilization which allow an economic and environmental assessment.

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  • Recently public attention has turned toward the intricate interrelation between economic growth and global warming. This book focuses on this nexus but broadens the framework to study this issue. Growth is seen as global growth, which affects the global environment and climate change. Global growth, in particular high economic growth rates, implies a fast depletion of renewable and nonrenewable resources. Thus the book deals with the impact of economic growth on the envi- ronment and the effect of the exhaustive use of natural resources as well as the reverse linkage.

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  • The fact that the Rio Grande lacks sufficient water to permit its use by the inhabitants of both countries does not entitle Mexico to impose restrictions on the United States which would hamper the development of the latter f s territory or deprive its inhabitants of an advantage with which nature had endowed it and which is situated entirely within its territory. To admit such a principle would be completely contrary to the principle that the United States exercises full sovereignty over its national territory....

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  • The  value of  the UK  LCEGS  sector was £106.5 billion  in 2007/8.  In  terms of  size,  this puts  the  low  carbon  and  environmental  economy  somewhere  between  the  UK’s  healthcare  and  construction  sectors.   The UK is the world’s sixth largest low carbon and environmental economy, with 3.5% of global market  share.  As  shown  in  Figure 2,  the  Environmental  sector  accounts  for £22.3 billion  (21%) of  total UK  market  value,  Renewable  Energy  for  £31.

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  • Natural resources- definition, characteristics and classification of natural resources. Historical development of natural resource economics, major natural resource issues, role of economics in natural resource planning, policy formulation and management. Common property resources. Time and spatial analysis in use of renewable and nonrenewable natural resources. Natural resource accounting. Natural resource scarcity, measures to mitigate resource scarcity, individual utility and the social welfare function.

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  • Earlier, Lau and Yotopolous (1971) estimated an equation for the profit function in differences in economic efficiency between large and small farms in India and found that small farms attained a higher level of economic efficiency. Sahidu (1974) adopted the Lau–Yotopolous model to sample of Indian wheat farms and came out with a contrary conclusion – that large and small farms exhibited equal economic efficiency in both the technical and price senses.

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  • The IESO has been planning for the elimination of coal-fired generation for several years now, and the plan to phase out coal by 2014 is progressing well. Four coal-fired units totalling 2,000 mega- watts (MW) of capacity have been taken out of service in 2010, and Ontario is utilizing more gas- fired and renewable generation. The province is already relying on contributions from nearly 1,100 MW of grid-connected wind capacity. Between new wind, solar and biomass projects, variable generation is expected to climb to almost 7,000 MW by the end of the business planning cycle.

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  • The transmission of monetary policy is the center of economic studies, this field was renewed in light of the 2008 global financial crisis with arguments about the effectiveness and the determinants of transmission channels especially in emerging markets such as Vietnam which may have strong bank lending channel while asset price channel and exchange rate channel may be weak.

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  • Wind power generation is considered as the most economic viable alternative within the portfolio of renewable energy resources. Among their advantages are the large number of potential sites for erection and the rapidly evolving technology with many suppliers offering from the individual turbine set to even turnkey projects. The disadvantages of wind energy include high capital costs and lack of controllability on the discontinuous or intermittent resource.

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  • Overall structure of electrical power system isin the process of changing. For incremental growth, it is moving away from fossil fuels - major source of energy in the world today - to renewable energy resources that are more environmentally friendly and sustainable [1].

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  • INTRODUCTION TO A COGNITIVE METHODOLOGY IN ECONOMICS. The cognitive sciences, having emerged in the second half of the twentieth century, are recently experiencing a spectacular renewal, which cannot leave naffected any discipline that deals with human behavior

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  • The utilisation of renewable energies is not at all new; in the history of mankind renewable energies have for a long time been the primary possibility of generating energy. This only changed with industrial revolution when lignite and hard coal became increasingly more important. Later on, also crude oil gained importance. Offering the advantages of easy transportation and processing also as a raw material, crude oil has become one of the prime energy carriers applied today.

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  • Soil fertility is critical for the provision of adequate food, fiber and renewable natural resources(fuel,wood etc.). In the developing world soil fertility is linked to economic well being of many farm families. Poor soils means poor harvest leading to low returns for the over 60% of the population of developing countries relying on agriculture for survival.Use of inorganic and organic fertilizers in addition to biological processes to improve the fertility of the soil requires good understanding of their practical use and management.

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  • This volume grew out of two conferences held in 2007 to address the opportunities and challenges of transition to a bio-economy. The first, an international sympo- sium on “Fueling Change with Renewable Energy,” was held at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in April 2007, while the second, “Intersection of Energy and Agriculture: Implications of Biofuels and the Search for a Fuel of the Future,” was held at the University of California at Berkeley in October 2007.

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  • As early as the beginning of the 20th century Rudolf Diesel proposed vegetable oil as fuel for his engine.1 A short time later, before and during World War Two, vegetable oil was examined in “up-to-date” diesel engines. In 1940 first trials with vegetable oil methyl and ethyl esters were carried out in France and, at the same time, scientists in Belgium were using palm oil ethyl ester as a fuel for buses.2 In 1973, the oil crisis refocused attention on and interest for local energy sources.

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  • This report examines the sectors that are expected to grow and develop over the next several years. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) will create new opportunities in already-expanding industries such as health care and education, and also will create new opportunities in fledgling industries, such as renewable energy production and distribution. Employers demand workers who can think critically and solve problems. As a result, future prosperity will require greater worker investment in post-secondary education and training. The current U.S.

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  • If the UK environmental employment baseline  level grows  in  line with projected annual growth rates  (see Table 3 below), then, potentially, an additional 400,000 jobs could be created over the next eight  years ‐ representing a 45%  increase on today’s  level. This  is a rough estimate based on the growth  in  market  value, where  employment  levels  are  calculated  on  a  pro  rata  basis.

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  • In view of a possible climate change and increasing oil-prices, there is a need to change our rate of using carbon-intensive fossil energy resources in the future. Fuel cells and batteries have been proposed as technical solutions for energy conversion and storage, allowing for paving the way for a prospective world relying mainly on renewable low-carbon intensive energy sources.

    pdf21p congdat261 01-12-2010 36 5   Download

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