The goal of the conference was to share lessons learned in Africa about men’s participation
in reproductive health in order to develop new or enhance existing approaches for French-
speaking African countries. Men in French-speaking African countries play key roles in
reproductive health, whether as individual family members or as decision-makers at com-
munity and national levels. Most service delivery and information campaigns, however,
focus on women.
Integrating reproductive health, family planning and STI/HIV prevention and treatment services is
critical for achieving universal access. Integration requires that health care workers can provide
an appropriate comprehensive package of services under one roof, and refer patients to other
services if required. Linking STI/HIV with SRH services improves access to HIV/STI services for
women who might otherwise not visit them because of issues of stigma .
Health concerns coloured the reproductive intentions of most of
the women and some of the men. Many HIV-infected women and
men were firm in their desire not to have children. Both women
and men feared infecting a partner or their baby and were anxious
about leaving either living or future children as orphans. Women
and men were concerned about their ability to financially support
their children, given their illness. Women who had given birth to
an infected child expressed mixed feelings about becoming
Market structure, conduct performance analysis. Marketing channels for different products in
agriculture and animal husbandry. State intervention and parastatals in agricultural marketing. Pricing
of agricultural inputs and products. Buffer stocking and import policies for agricultural produce.
Value addition and its impact on prices of agricultural commodities. Systems approach to agricultural
marketing. Marketing costs, margins and market efficiency. Market integration-horizontal and vertical,
spatial and temporal. Price integration between domestic and international markets.
As an important priority at the national and state levels,
AMCHP has worked to address and reduce tobacco use
among women of reproductive age, focusing specifically
on pregnant and postpartum women. This first article
in the 2008 Women’s Health Watch will highlight
innovative strategies to reducing tobacco use among
women. It will demonstrate the need, use, and success
of smoking cessation counseling in helping pregnant
and postpartum women quit smoking.
Medical devices are essential to the provision of quality reproductive health (RH) services.
Rational selection of medical devices is a crucial component in ensuring improved access to
reproductive health commodities, followed by efficient procurement, logistical systems,
rational use and demand which are equally important.
To what extent is poor mental health and low educational at-
tainment/ drop-out linked? Clearly the association can operate in
both directions. From a policy perspective, one would like to know
the causal inﬂuence of poor mental health on these outcomes. This
is notoriously diﬃcult to establish and most research addresses the
association rather than the causal impact.
Goal It is to provide scientific arguments about the biological characteristics, and reproductive and rearing techniques of Channa lucius. The success of the project will contribute greatly to the development process of Channa lucius hatchery to supply artificial fish for aquaculture systems and renewable fish resources in the wild in the Mekong Delta as well as in the whole country.
Fostering Immunization Uptake in Argentina
The pneumococcal vaccine was incorporated into the Argentinian national immunization scheme
in April 2011, providing a way for infants to receive the vaccine for free beginning in 2012.
From clinical studies sepsis can be seen as a continuum of severity that begins with an
infection, followed in some cases by sepsis, severe sepsis – with organ dysfunction – and
septic shock. There has been a substantial increase in the incidence of sepsis during the last
decades, and it appears to be rising over time, with an increasing number of deaths
occurring despite a decline in overall in-hospital mortality (Bone, 1992).
Calling the family members, the relexing exercises, musical therapy, masaj and sitting
exercises are important in control of anxiety and ajitation of patients.
Safe and effective management of the pain and anxiety needs a delicate balance for
analgesia and sedation protocols while managing delirium status.
The weaning of patients from mechanical ventilation is often hampered by the sedation that
Ultrasound is one of the most widely used imaging
modalities in pediatric radiology and is set to continue
to grow and develop as computing and
equipment improves and new applications become
available. Children are ideally suited to ultrasound,
since their low levels of body fat contribute to
ultrasound images of exquisite detail.
This book is intended as a practical starting
point for radiologists, sonographers and other
medical healthcare professionals undertaking ultrasound
examinations in children, providing all necessary
normative charts and guidelines on
The government of Mexico City, Mexico
believes that access to health care is a
human right, and should be universal and
free to those who cannot afford to pay.
In Mexico City the mayor has made health
care accessible to all, and has garnered
the broad support of the City’s leaders
and citizens for this unique effort
the City’s popular mayor, Andres Manuel
López Obrador, came to power, he faced
two significant challenges to keeping his
campaign promise of free health care to
poorer families. First, the public health
system was fragmented.
Essence (Jing) is a fundamental material of the human body and the material basis for
various physiological functions of the human body. The congenital essence is received from
one's parents, and is stored in the kidney; it is also known as "the prenatal essence", serving
to promote the growth, development maturity, and reproduction of the body, thus the
congenital essence is also called the "reproductive essence. The acquired essence is derived
through the functions of the Zang-Fu organs from the nutritive substance of food and drink
to nourish the body.
IVF and related treatments (GIFT and ZIFT, see below) are the most invasive ART treatments.
Usually women try other methods first, and turn to IVF when those methods have not succeeded
in pregnancy or live birth. One percent of babies in the US are born using IVF. Unlike AI,
fertilization takes place outside the woman’s body in which eggs (retrieved from the woman
trying to get pregnant or from an egg donor) are fertilized with sperm (from a partner or donor)
in a Petri dish.
It is difficult to overstress the importance of a good history and thorough
clinical examination for every patient. On this the diagnosis is made and
the treatment plan based. A full, clearly written record of the original consultation
is essential to assess progress following treatment. Particularly
is this true if a colleague should be called to see the patient in the practitioner's
tioner's absenceT. he medicolegali mportanceo f accurater ecords cannot be
Household characteristics such as housing conditions and ownership of consumer durables serve as
indirect indicators of a household’s standard of living. Trends in these characteristics reflect a
society’s material progress, which has implications both for the economic well being and overall
health status of the population.
Most Cambodian elders have both living sons and daughters. Reflecting the higher mortality of males,
including losses due to political violence associated with the Khmer Rouge period and its aftermath, the
average number of surviving daughters modestly exceeds that of surviving sons. Some differences in the
number of living children are evident according to sex, location and age of elders. Elderly men average
larger numbers of surviving children than elderly women, reflecting the fact that men are far more likely
to remarry than women in cases of marital dissolution.
Pig production is an expert of farmers in Thua Thien Hue and Quang Nam, more than 80% of sows, are kept in small farm holdings. To meet increasing demand for pig husbandry systems for pigs, smaller owners have enhanced breeding and feeding systems, while others tried to continue to produce larger pigs poorly designed facilities.
Rate review grants and standards: In August 2010, 45 States and the District of Columbia
each received $1 million grants to develop or make improvements to their existing rate
review and approval practices, strengthening their processes and oversight capacities. States
have already used these funds to hire staff, increase data reporting, and enhance their
information technology. On December 21, 2010, HHS posted a proposed regulation
regarding standards for rate review.