Research objectives: To describe some epidemiological characteristics of lower RTIs of mountainous married women at reproductive age in Thai Nguyen in 2012; to determine factors of lower RTIs of mountainous married women at reproductive age in Thai Nguyen; to evaluate the effect of RTIs prevention solutions for mountainous women in Thanh Cong commune, Pho Yen district, Thai Nguyen province after 2 years of intervention.
Telomeres, located at the ends of linear chromosomes, are essential for genome stability and integrity. Advances in telomere researches have linked telomere dysfunction with cellular aging and a number of age-related human diseases. Recent studies further expanded our knowledge of telomere functions - telomeres are shown to be important for microbial pathogen virulence and telomere proteins have important non-telomeric cellular functions.
As an important priority at the national and state levels,
AMCHP has worked to address and reduce tobacco use
among women of reproductive age, focusing specifically
on pregnant and postpartum women. This first article
in the 2008 Women’s Health Watch will highlight
innovative strategies to reducing tobacco use among
women. It will demonstrate the need, use, and success
of smoking cessation counseling in helping pregnant
and postpartum women quit smoking.
This products classification system facilitates rapid research about the needed medical
devices. It is also a guarantee of maintaining coherence in the whole list and obtaining a clear
overview of what is needed to set up a reproductive health service.
The list of products is specified by two levels of care: the first level of MNH care and the
Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system that impairs one of the
body's most basic functions: the conception of children. In the United States,
infertility affects about 7.3 million women and their partners, or about 12%
of the reproductive-aged population. For many of these couples, the answer
lies in conventional medical therapy, such as drug treatment or surgery to
repair reproductive organs. Since 1978, ART has provided another solution
for many would-be parents.
Later in this article (Sections 7 and 8) I present an outline of thisworkwhen seen through
one particular lens, namely reproductive and environmental externalities, laying stress on the
arguments that have shaped it and on the policy recommendations that have emerged from it.
The framework I develop focuses on the vast numbers of small, rural communities in the poorest
regions of the world and identifies circumstances in which population growth, poverty, and
resource degradation can be expected to feed on one another, cumulatively, over periods of time.
Cells of the budding yeast, S. cerevisiae, have for several decades now been considered
as the prototypic eukaryotic cells, ideally suited to study and uncover many
of the basic phenomena of eukaryotic life.
Weight loss procedures are being performed more frequently to treat morbid obesity, with a
six-fold increase over a recent 7-year time span; almost half of patients are women of
reproductive age. The level of evidence on fertility, contraception, and pregnancy outcomes is
limited primarily to case series and case reports. The evidence suggests that fertility improves
after bariatric surgical procedures; however, data are too sparse to reach definite conclusions
about the degree of improvement in fertility that is achieved.
Testosterone also affects various other tissues in the male. Testosterone
causes pubic and underarm hair growth, causes changes in body propor-
tions, increases muscle tissue, and deepens the voice. Testosterone may
inﬂuence the development of acne and the beginning of body odors from
bacteria attracted to sweat glands. Because none of these characteristics
are directly related to sexual reproduction, they are called secondary sex
characteristics. In males, the level of testosterone in the body remains
much the same for about 40 years after puberty.
The extent of maternal mortality in a population is essentially the combination of two factors:
(i) the risk of death in a single pregnancy or a single live birth; and (ii) the fertility level, that
is, the number of pregnancies or births that are experienced by women of reproductive
age. The MMR is defined as the number of maternal deaths in a population divided by the
number of live births. It depicts the risk of maternal death relative to the number of live
births and essentially captures (i) above.
Contraceptive use accounts for a substantial portion of the variation in
observed fertility rates (others include age of marriage, abortion rates, post-
partum amenorrhea and abstinence, and occurrence of marital separations).
Although there have been dramatic increases in the use of family planning
services, unmet need for family planning remains very high in low-prevalence
From clinical studies sepsis can be seen as a continuum of severity that begins with an
infection, followed in some cases by sepsis, severe sepsis – with organ dysfunction – and
septic shock. There has been a substantial increase in the incidence of sepsis during the last
decades, and it appears to be rising over time, with an increasing number of deaths
occurring despite a decline in overall in-hospital mortality (Bone, 1992).
Endometriosis is a progressive debilitating disease affecting the physical, social and
psychological aspects of normal life quality in nearly 1 of 7 women of reproductive
age. Endometriosis is considered to be an enigmatic disease owing to the lack of
specific set of symptoms, poorly understood pathogenesis, complexity in diagnosis
and limited therapeutic options available for management of the disorder. The last
three decades we have witnessed a significant volume of research related to
Information on long-term health consequences of unsafe abortion is
scarce. The WHO estimates that about 20–30% of unsafe abortions
result in reproductive tract infections and that about 20–40% of these
result in upper-genital-tract infection and infertility. An estimated 2% of
women of reproductive age are infertile as a result of unsafe abortion,
and 5% have chronic infections.
Unsafe abortion could also increase
the long-term risk of ectopic pregnancy, premature delivery, and
spontaneous abortion in subsequent pregnancies.
In low- and middle-income countries, complications from pregnancy and
childbirth are the leading cause of death among girls aged 15 to 19. And in
2008, there were an estimated three million unsafe abortions among girls
in this age group.
The adverse effects of adolescent childbearing also extend to the health
of their infants. Perinatal deaths are 50% higher among babies born to
mothers under 20 years of age than among those born to mothers aged
20 to 29. The newborns of adolescent mothers are also more likely to have
low birth weight, with the risk of long-term effects....
The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) is the specialty
society for physicians that focus on infertility. The organization has a Practice
Committee that issues regular reports, including guidelines on minimal
standards for providing ART, informed consent, and on the number of
embryos to be transferred in IVF procedures. The guidelines are distributed
to all members of ASRM, are published in the Society's journal, Fertility and
Sterility, and are available to the public on ASRM's website (www.asrm.org).
Almost 75 percent of the elderly (age 65 and over) have at
least one chronic illness.3 About 50 percent have at least
two chronic illnesses.3 Chronic conditions can lead to
severe and immediate disabilities, such as hip fractures and
stroke, as well as progressive disability that slowly erodes
the ability of elderly people to care for themselves.4
According to AHRQ’s 1996 Medical Expenditure Panel
Survey (MEPS),a about 14.3 percent of people age 65 and
over—4.5 million elderly Americans—require assistance
with bathing, dressing, preparing meals, or shopping.
The G&J Program works to build and deepen the interest and capacity of social justice
constituencies to engage with new human genetic and reproductive technologies. The Program
works in collaboration with allied organizations at the state and national levels to safeguard and
expand the human rights, equality and health of women, LGBTQI communities, people with
disabilities, and communities of color in an age of human biotechnology.
Most Cambodian elders have both living sons and daughters. Reflecting the higher mortality of males,
including losses due to political violence associated with the Khmer Rouge period and its aftermath, the
average number of surviving daughters modestly exceeds that of surviving sons. Some differences in the
number of living children are evident according to sex, location and age of elders. Elderly men average
larger numbers of surviving children than elderly women, reflecting the fact that men are far more likely
to remarry than women in cases of marital dissolution.
Adolescents, currently about 20 percent of the world’s population, have special
reproductive health concerns and face risks related to early sexual experience,
marriage and fertility. A rise in the age of marriage globally has contributed to
declines in adolescent fertility. However, up to 50 percent of women in some
countries still marry or enter a union by age 18, with this figure rising to 70 per-
cent by age 20. The proportion of young women married or in union by age 20 is
closely linked to adolescent fertility and exposure to reproductive health risks....