Reproductive technologies

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  • The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) convened a meeting of professionals, patient advocates, government representatives and legal experts in December 2009 to examine the oversight of assisted reproductive technology (ART). ART is one of several therapies used by specialists to treat the disease of infertility. The most widely used ART procedure is in vitro fertilization. As with all medical practice, safety in reproductive medicine is assured by a combination of state and federal government regulation.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Globalisation of birth markets: a case study of assisted reproductive technologies in India

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  • Since its first description by Steptoe and Edward, IVF gained popularity among both doctors and patients. There is many studies on assisted reproduction and they cover most of the related technical, laboratory as well as clinical aspects. To write a book on assisted reproduction nowadays seems very difficult due to a wide plethora of related papers and well-illustrated books. This small-sized book aims at refinement of some already known points of practical importance in infertility management particularly ART.

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  • (BQ) Part 2 book "Textbook of clinical embryology" presents the following contents: Treatment of male and female infertility, social aspects of using reproductive technology, Assisted peproductive technology (ART), ART - skills, techniques and present status,...

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  • By playing a role in the near-annihilation of a species, Theodore Roosevelt, the president of the United States at the turn of the twentieth century, unwittingly laid the groundwork for the most dramatic triumph yet in the use of artificial insemination (AI) to rescue a species from extinction. In the early 1900s, waves of immigrants from Europe settled in the American Midwest. As humans transformed the land, they declared war on a perceived pest: the prairie dog.

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  • The G&J Program works to build and deepen the interest and capacity of social justice constituencies to engage with new human genetic and reproductive technologies. The Program works in collaboration with allied organizations at the state and national levels to safeguard and expand the human rights, equality and health of women, LGBTQI communities, people with disabilities, and communities of color in an age of human biotechnology.

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  • A comparative analysis of service statistics found that the utilization of services from health facilities doubled in Site A and increased ten-fold in Site B, compared to the change in utilization in Site C. Again, comparing the two intervention sites, Site B experienced six times greater utilization of services than Site A. Thus, for most key indicators, Strategy II produced greater improvements than did Strategy I. On the basis of study findings, the following recommendations are made.

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  • Today, approximately one in every hundred babies born in the US is conceived using ART. Growth in the use and scientific refinement of ART is carefully monitored by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) and its affiliate, the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART), whose memberships consist of specialists in this field of medicine. In December 2009, ASRM convened a meeting of professionals, patient advocates, congressional and federal agency representatives, legal experts, and consumers to examine the oversight of ART.

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  • The Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) is an affiliate of ASRM. Its membership includes more than 90% of American fertility clinics. SART has strict membership requirements. As a condition of membership, clinics must report their outcomes to the CDC as well as to SART, have accredited embryology laboratories, adhere to the Ethics and Practice Committee guidelines of ASRM, and have appropriately trained staff. Failure to adhere to these criteria can result in revocation of membership.

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  • the main lesson to draw from this broad range of strategies is the importance of community engagement and the key leadership role that women living with Hiv have to play in tailoring the Hiv response to their needs.

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  • ASRM and the College of American Pathologists administer a reproductive laboratory accreditation program for embryology labs to assure that they conform to high national standards of quality. ASRM also produces ethics and practice guidelines. Its affiliate, the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART), strictly monitors member clinics for adherence to ASRM guidelines, accreditation of their embryology labs, qualification of their staff, and submission of data to the CDC.

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  • Cloning in essence means ‘making an exact copy’. Cloning of cells is a commonplace procedure in the life sciences and reproductive cloning of some animals is now possible. Dolly, the sheep was the fi rst such mammal to be born, in 1997. 1 Although there has been some opposition to the cloning of mammals, by and large it has been generally accepted by society, however, it has brought the possibility of the cloning of human beings too close for comfort. While the majority of people do not support cloning of human beings, there are a small minority that do largely base...

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  • Amongst the arguments raised against cloning has been concern that reproductive cloning would lessen the respect for individuals because of the feeling that they could easily be replaced. 23 Every form of reproductive technology raises some question of human values, dignity, worth and juridical rights, some linked to the notion that the person should not be used as a mere mechanical instrument, and that every human individual is a non-repeatable being.

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  • The most commonly used measures of current fertility are the total fertility rate (TFR) and its component age-specific fertility rates (ASFRs). The TFR is an estimate of the average number of births a woman would have at the end of her reproductive years if she bears children at the prevailing age-specific fertility rates throughout her childbearing years (age 15-49). The ASFRs are defined in terms of the number of live births among women in a particular age group divided by the number of woman-years in that age group during the specific period. Figure 4.

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  • Another result of FCSRCA has been the development of a model program for certification of embryology laboratories. The CDC published these requirements in 1999. They include requirements for administration of a continuing certification program by the states, quality assurance and control standards, an inspection system, and conditions under which certification can be suspended or revoked. Adoption of such a laboratory certification program is left up to the states.

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  • Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) have enabled millions of people in the world to have biological children who otherwise would not have been able to do so. According to the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology, more than three million babies have been born using ART worldwide in the last 30 years, enabling infertile women and men; single women and men; and lesbian, gay, and transgender couples to form genetically-related families. These new technologies have transformed the way we view reproduction.

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  • study, or criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form, or by any means, only with the prior permission in writing of the publishers, or in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers.

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  • Các kỹ thuật hỗ trợ sinh sản (Assisted Reproductive Technologies) là những kỹ thuật Y Sinh học được áp dụng để điều trị vô sinh. Từ khi phương pháp Thụ tinh trong ống nghiệm (IVF) thành công năm 1978 ở Anh, khái niệm các kỹ thuật hỗ trợ sinh sản hình thành và phát triển rất mạnh trên toàn thế giới. Ở các nước phát triển, hiện có khoảng 1-5% số em bé sinh ra hiện nay là từ các kỹ thuật hỗ trợ sinh sản (không kể thụ tinh nhân tạo)....

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  • Kỹ thuật hỗ trợ sinh sản (Assited Reproductive Technology, viết tắt là ART)) bao gồm các kỹ thuật giúp tăng khả năng sinh sản của người. Theo định nghĩa, kỹ thuật hỗ trợ sinh sản (ART) là những kỹ thuật trong đó có thực hiện đem tế bào trứng người ra khỏi cơ thể. Đây là những kỹ thuật được phát triển cơ bản dựa trên kỹ thuật IVF (in-vitro fertilization) trên người.

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  • The combination of functional metabolic information and anatomical data has been available since 2001, when the combined PET/CT scanner was introduced. This technology has had a significant impact on many medical disciplines, including cardiology and neurology, but undoubtedly the greatest impact has been in the field of oncological imaging. It is the ability of PET/CT to accurately identify the anatomical location of abnormal metabolic activity that has revolutionized the detection and staging of many tumors....

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