The organizational structure for project management is
often chosen to mitigate risk in a weak capacity environment, but it
may also reflect internal incentives that focus on speed of project
processing and disbursement, and perceived stigmas in low
implementation performance ratings. The result is often the use of
PIUs—sometimes semi-permanently—even though regional
studies have shown that they are suboptimal organizational
arrangements and create problems of morale among government
Omnichannel marketing is about being present or
available across the consumer’s behavioral path:
each potential contact point integrated with all others.
The concept started in the retail sector where this
behavioral path is easily tracked across online,
ofﬂine and mobile touchpoints (both marketing and
The digital arena will represent the ﬁrst stage of more
brands adopting an omnichannel mindset, as social and
mobile data sources are blended with ofﬂine brand
Audience: Students should write for a range of audiences and adapt their style and
tone so that it is appropriate to the task and audience. Students must be able to take
into consideration an audience’s characteristics, such as its background knowledge,
its interests, and its potential objections to an argument. Strong, effective writing can
overcome or at least influence an audience’s biases and address its limitations.
The questions provide different reasons for listening -listening for specific factsH for gist, to understand the speaker's attitude, etc. - and together they require a variety of listening skills to be used
In addition to testing for the presence of smart money, the disaggregated na-
ture of our fund f low data allows us to examine two key hypotheses with respect
to mutual fund investor behavior. Specifically, we are in a position to compare
the quality of fund selection decisions made by individual and institutional
investors, and likewise to compare fund buying and selling decisions.
The abolition of the entry load and the
revision of trail commission guidelines have
taken care of some key issues, but in turn
have given rise to other aspects which need
to be tackled and resolved.
Mandatory disclosure of commission
earned: A mandatory disclosure alerts the
investor about the extent of distributor gain
while putting the onus on the distributor to
explain the rationale for the switch.
Projects in the area of Information Technology (IT) can also be added to the three
categories cited above. When you compare these project areas with what happens in
a conventional education organisation, it will be clear that DE organisations tend to
be different in the sense that they are project driven.
Now, let’s set another milestone. Let us suppose you work for the Swaziland
Emlalatini Centre for Distance Education, the Lesotho Distance Teaching Centre, the
Tanzania Institute of Adult Education, or any institution in SADC, respond to this
Funding auto theft prevention authorities. Dedicated, continuous funding of auto
theft prevention authorities contributes to their success. Most states fund them with
a small sum per vehicle collected from insurance companies that issue coverage in
the state. The Washington Auto Theft Prevention Authority receives its revenue
from a $10 surcharge on traffic infraction fees.
It is now more than 12 years since the publication of William J. Wilson and Robert
Aponte’s (1985) survey of urban poverty in the United States. That report still stands
alone as an effort to produce “a state of the art review of research and theoretical writing
on urban poverty” (Wilson and Aponte, 1985). However, in the intervening years, there
has been much work on and even more debate about the nature and causes of poverty
in U.S. inner cities. Much of the contribution, indeed, may be attributed to Wilson, who
has sparked a new round of work in the field. At the same time, there...
In relation to repurchase transactions, investors must notably be aware that (a) in the event of the failure of the counterparty with which
cash of a sub-fund has been placed there is the risk that collateral received may yield less than the cash placed out, whether because of
inaccurate pricing of the collateral, adverse market movements, a deterioration in the credit rating of issuers of the collateral, or the
illiquidity of the market in which the collateral is traded; that (b) (i) locking cash in transactions of excessive size or duration, (ii) delays in
recovering cash placed out, or (...
The Oracle OLAP option is a full-featured on-line analytical processing (OLAP) server
embedded within the Oracle Database. The Oracle OLAP option can be used to improve SQL-
based business intelligence tools and applications by improving query performance and enriching
them with analytic content. As an OLAP solution that is deeply embedded in the Oracle
Database, the Oracle OLAP option allows centralized management of data and business rules in
a secure, scalable and enterprise-ready platform..
On the basis of currently observed patterns of mortality by educational level, the
number of deaths that can be attributed to health inequalities in the European Union
(EU-25) as a whole is estimated to be 707 thousand per year (all figures apply to
2004). The number of life years lost due to these deaths is about 11.4 million.
Similarly, the number of prevalent cases of ill-health that can be attributed to health
inequalities is estimated to be more than 33 million. The estimated impact of health
inequalities on average life expectancy at birth in the EU-25 for men and...
This book captures the experiences and voices of over 6,000 people who have
received international assistance, observed the effects of aid efforts, or been involved
in providing aid. Over time, across very different contexts and continents, people’s
experiences with international aid efforts have been remarkably consistent. While
there was a wide range of opinions on specifics, the authors were struck by the
similarity in people’s descriptions of their interactions with the international aid
Throughout the various extensions of Copenhagen Airport,
there has always been a common focal point - the classical princip-
les of architecture and function that expressed the architectural
trends of the time. A stroll through the terminals is also a stroll
through time and architectural evolution.
As you approach the airport on the Øresund motorway, you
get a sense of the consistent and coherent design in the uniform
facades of glass, steel and aluminium. They converge in a common
line that is continued and reflected in the airport’s hotel - the Hilton
We could not have wished for a more distinguished speaker to give
the first lecture than Jeff Wall. Depiction, Object, Event, written
especially for this occasion, is an original and thought-provoking
interpretation of developments in the art of the last century that
have culminated over the past two decades in an alleged fusion of
art and life.
Today, artists are often regarded as the trendsetting members of a
‘creative class’ that is fully integrated within the tertiary sector of
the global economy.
Drawing from Goffman’s performance theory, there are three fundamental
components to the passage of social information between individuals. When information
is to be conveyed explicitly, it is given, but these messages are also impacted by the
subtle, and perhaps unconscious messages that are given off by the actors, as well as the
intention that the observer might infer (Goffman 1956: 2).
There are no right or wrong answers regarding a company’s choice of
functional focus for its internal audit department. Where stakeholders choose
to position the function on the Internal Audit Continuum is a direct reflection
of their risk appetite and corresponding assurance needs as expressed in the
The mission statement must be tailored to the organisation and the value
drivers identified in Step 1 of the framework.
As concerns P, the most common approach is to simply use total
population levels. However, as MacKellar et al. (1995) and others have
pointed out, it is not a priori clear that only the individual, rather than, say,
households or communities, is the relevant demographic unit. To this one
can add that a whole range of other demographic factors beyond simple
population levels might also impact on emissions.
The ADDY Awards is the advertising industry's largest and most representative competition, attracting over 50,000 entries every year in local ADDY competitions. The mission of the ADDY competition is to recognize and reward creative excellence in the art of advertising.
Conducted annually by the American Advertising Federation (AAF), the local ADDY Awards is the first of a three-tier, national competition. Concurrently, all across the country, local entrants vie for recognition as the very best in their markets.
The classic supply-complement is beef and leather – an increase in the price of beef
increases the slaughter of cows, thereby increasing the supply of leather.
The opposite of a complement in supply is a substitute in supply. Military and civilian
aircraft are substitutes in supply – an increase in the price of military aircraft will tend
to divert resources used in the manufacture of aircraft toward military aircraft and away
from civilian aircraft, thus reducing the supply of civilian aircraft. Wheat and corn are
also substitutes in supply.