We present a user requirements study for Question Answering on meeting records that assesses the difficulty of users questions in terms of what type of knowledge is required in order to provide the correct answer. We grounded our work on the empirical analysis of elicited user queries. We found that the majority of elicited queries (around 60%) pertain to argumentative processes and outcomes.
SDLC is a disciplined and systematic approach that divides the software development process into various phases, such as requirement, design, and coding The phase-wise software development process helps you track schedule, cost, and quality of the software projects. the phase-wise software development prodess help you track schedule, cost and quality of the ....
Systems Analysis and Design: Chapter 5 - Information Gathering Unobtrusive Methods Objective's Recognize the value of unobtrusive methods for information gathering; Understand the concept of sampling for human information requirements analysis; Construct useful samples of people, documents, and events for determining human information requirements.
In this chapter you will learn more about the systems analysis phases in a systems development project-namely, the scope definition, problem analysis, requirements analysis, and decision analysis phases. The first three phases are collectively referred to as systems analysis. The latter phase provides transition between systems analysis and systems design.
In this chapter, you will learn: To understand the basic types of system development and the reasons for system development; to gain an appreciation and understanding of a typical system development life cycle; to identify and define the essential elements of system planning, systems analysis and system design; to acquire the ability to conduct a system needs/requirements analysis; to be able to apply the principles of conflict resolution in a system development environment.
Chapter 4 - Systems analysis. After studying this chapter you will be able to: Define systems analysis and relate it to the scope definition, problem analysis, requirements analysis, logical design, and decision analysis phases; describe a number of systems analysis approaches for solving business system problems; describe scope definition, problem analysis, requirements analysis, logical design, and decision analysis phases in terms of information system building blocks;...
This chapter begins by presenting the requirements definition, a document that lists the new system’s capabilities. It then describes how to analyze requirements using business process automation, business process improvement, and business process reengineering techniques and how to gather requirements using interviews, JAD sessions, questionnaires, document analysis, and observation.
The code portion of this document covers the design and construction of structural concrete used in buildings and
where applicable in nonbuilding structures.
Among the subjects covered are: drawings and specifications; inspection; materials; durability requirements; concrete
quality, mixing, and placing; formwork; embedded pipes; construction joints; reinforcement details; analysis and
design; strength and serviceability; flexural and axial loads; shear and torsion; development and splices of reinforcement; ...
The identification of a causative toxin is one of the most important tasks in emergency medicine; it requires both rapidness and accuracy. In the Japan-shaking poisoning incidents taking place in 1998, such as curry (arsenous acid) poisoning in Wakayama, sodium azide poisoning in Niigata and cyanide poisoning in Nagano, the importance of a rapid and accurate analysis system for poisons was well recognized by Japanese people and goverment.
Useful business analysis requires you to effectively transform data into actionable information. This book helps you use SQL and Excel to extract business information from relational databases and use that data to define business dimensions, store transactions about customers, produce results, and more. Each chapter explains when and why to perform a particular type of business analysis in order to obtain useful results, how to design and perform the analysis using SQL and Excel, and what the results should look like....
As many as 5,000–6,000 mushroom species are growing in the world. Among them, only about 1,000 species are named; the majority of them are unnamed. The number of species of edible mushrooms in Japan is about 300; that of toxic mushrooms is said to be about 30. Various types of toxic mushrooms exist; some show high toxicity, while others show hallucinogenic actions. Morphological and chemical analyses for mushrooms are occasionally required in forensic science practice.
Organophosphorus pesticides (organophosphate pesticides) are being most widely used as insecticides, and thus cause poisoning cases frequently. The organophosphorus pesticides at the early stage, such as parathion and TEPP, had powerful insecticidal effects and high toxicity for both humans and beasts, and caused poisoning accidents during spraying. Although many less toxic organophosphorus pesticides were then developed, the resistance to the pesticides was acquired by insects during their repeated use, resulting in less effectiveness of the pesticides.
Nitrate and nitrite compounds are being used for various purposes, such as coronary artery dilators, coloring reagents for meat, rust preventives, fertilizers and explosives. When a nitrate salt is ingested by a human, nitric acid is converted into nitrous acid by the action of nitric acidreducing bacteria inhabiting the upper digestive tract; the nitrous acid oxidizes the divalent ferrous ion of hemoglobin to produce methemoglobin a with the trivalent ferric ion.
Cable-stayed bridges are structural systems effectively composing cables, main girders and
towers. This bridge form has a beautiful appearance and easily fits in with the surrounding
environment due to the fact that various structural systems can be created by changing the
tower shapes and cable arrangements.
Cable-stayed bridges are structures that require a high degree of technology for both design and
construction, and hence demand sophisticated structural analysis and design techniques when
compared with other types of conventional bridges.
This book explains, collects and reports on the latest research results that aim at narrowing the so-called multimedia "Semantic Gap": the large disparity between descriptions of multimedia content that can be computed automatically, and the richness and subjectivity of semantics in user queries and human interpretations of audiovisual media. Addressing the grand challenge posed by the "Semantic Gap" requires a multi-disciplinary approach (computer science, computer vision and signal processing, cognitive science, web science, etc....
The success with organic foods depends on consumer acceptance and use. Potential
consumers may not even be aware of organic foods or may have the wrong perception
even when aware. More knowledge could lead to increased use of organics due to the link
between awareness and purchases. Briz and Ward (2009) argue that while awareness is
based on consciousness, consumption requires an explicit buying commitment that
should be influenced by price and appropriate measure(s) of the organic quality. These
may be important attributes to consider increasing organic food consumption.
Recently statistical knowledge has become an important requirement and occupies a prominent position in the exercise of various professions. In the real world, the processes have a large volume of data and are naturally multivariate and as such, require a proper treatment. For these conditions it is difficult or practically impossible to use methods of univariate statistics. The wide application of multivariate techniques and the need to spread them more fully in the academic and the business justify the creation of this book....
Although I’ve identified different kinds of authority, it’s possible
for one person to possess several or all of them. However, most
of the time, authority is distributed across team leaders. The
more complex the distribution of authority is, the more
planning effort you’ll need to be effective. In Chapter 16, I’ll
cover how to deal with situations where you need more
authority than you have. For now, it’s enough to recognize that
planning involves these different kinds of power.
Common planning deliverables
To communicate requirements, someone has to write them
Statistical methods require very large corpus with high quality. But building large and faultless annotated corpus is a very difficult job. This paper proposes an efficient m e t h o d to construct part-of-speech tagged corpus. A rulebased error correction m e t h o d is proposed to find and correct errors semi-automatically by user-defined rules. We also make use of user's correction log to reflect feedback. Experiments were carried out to show the efficiency of error correction process of this workbench. The result shows that about 63.2 % of tagging errors can be corrected. ...