Master key concepts. Answer challenging questions. Prepare for exams. Learn at your own pace.
What are the two basic psychological dimensions of emotions? How do you define abnormal behavior? Is extrasensory perception real? What is Viktor Frankl known for? With Psychology: A Self-Teaching Guide, you'll discover the answers to these questions and many more.
Frank Bruno explains all the major psychological theories and terms in this book, covering perception, motivation, thinking, personality, sensation, intelligence, research methods, and much more.
The importance of psychology and health, multiculturalism,
and a focus on strengths and positive psychology are
the dynamic issues of psychology in this new millennium.
These central issues in psychological research and practice
today form the backbone of the Handbook of Girls’ and
Women’s Psychological Health. To encounter all three integrated
into a handbook on women and girls is like fantasizing
a feast and having it appear on your table.
Most of the chapters in this volume were presented as papers at a small
research conference held in 2001 at the Kellogg School of Management
of Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. The purpose of this conference
was to explore new ideas about the psychology of leadership, an
important and long-enduring research topic within the field of social psychology.
It was the opinion of the editors of this book and the conveners
of the conference that the social psychological study of leadership had
launched off into several new, interesting, and important directions....
This book is not a traditional style manual that prescribes mechanical
details such as the forms for levels of headings, typing requirements, and so on. A
number of excellent style manuals, including the Publication Manual of the
American Psychological Association, already cover these matters . Neither will you
find here a discussion of the mechanics of standard English usage; it is assumed
that you have already mastered these. Finally, it is also assumed that you have
already selected an important research topic, applied sound research methods, and
analyzed the data.
As you begin your study of psychology, you
will find that it is different from any of your other
classes. This is because psychology is connected
to both the social sciences, such as history or
economics, and the natural sciences, such as
biology and chemistry. As a social science, psychology
explores the influences of society on
individual behavior and group relationships. As a
natural science, psychology looks for biological
explanations for human behavior.
In 1899, the famous American psychologist, William James published
a little book called Talks to Teachers , in which he sought
to explain how to apply psychology to education — that is, he
sought to use what he called “ the science of the mind ’ s workings ”
to generate practical advice for classroom teachers. At the time,
the book was not much of a success, largely for two reasons: (a)
there was a lack of research evidence on how learning works (that
is, the science of learning), and (b) there was a lack of research -
based principles concerning how to help people learn (that is,...
This edition of theHandbook of Counseling Psychologylik,e all three prior editions, has three primary
objectives: (1) to provide a scholarly review of important areas of counseling psychology inquiry, (2) to
elaborate directions for future research, and (3) to draw specific suggestions for practice that derive from
the scholarly literature in counseling psychology and related disciplines.
This invaluable new resource presents a state-of-the-art account of the psychology of pain from leading researchers. It features contributions from clinical, social, and biopsychological perspectives, the latest theories of pain, as well as basic processes and applied issues. The book opens with an introduction to the history of pain theory and the epidemiology of pain. It then explores theoretical work, including the gate control theory/neuromatrix model, as well as biopsychosocial, cognitive/behavioral, and psychodynamic perspectives.
Evidence-Based Counselling and Psychological Therapies assesses the
impact of the international drive towards evidence-based health care on
NHS policy and the provision of psychological services in the NHS.
An outstanding range of contributors provides an overview of
evidencebased health care and the research methods that underpin it,
demonstrating its effect on policy, provision, practitioners and patients.
Organizations are complex social
systems that sometimes perform
remarkably well and sometimes
fail miserably. Organizational psychology
is a subfield within the
larger domain of industrial/organizational psychology
that seeks to facilitate a greater understanding
of social processes in organizations.
Organizational psychologists also seek to use
these insights to enhance the effectiveness of
organizations—a goal that is potentially beneficial
This book is designed to provide students
with a thorough overview of both the science
and the practice of organizational psychology.
A few years ago, as the world prepared for the change of the millennium,
I was living in Calcutta and researching happiness
among people living in the slums. I have long had a soft spot in my
heart for people living in poverty and have often been inspired by
the ways they sometimes rise to the challenges facing them. For
anyone who has ever been to Calcutta or traveled through other
poor parts of the world, you know the sight of abject poverty can
be heartbreaking as well as guilt producing. My time in Calcutta
had me thinking about what kind of impact I could make on the
would like to introduce this encyclopedia of psychology
by focusing on both twenty-first century
and more distant historical contexts, while additionally
highlighting the scope and depth of the work of
psychologists, their students, and their supporters.
As reading these volumes will show, psychology is a
diverse and large field. It is also a science. I remind
readers that most of the research described in these
volumes is completed through the silent contributions
of tens of thousands of volunteers as well as
nonhuman animal participants.
Media Psychology examines the impact that 21st century media use has on human behavior, from teenage crushes on pop stars to soap fandom in adulthood. It brings together North American communication research with European media research in a variety of disciplines--psychology, sociology, communication and media studies--and in doing so, maps out the territory for media psychology. David Giles argues that psychologists have been guilty of ignoring the influence of the media over the last century, seeing it at best as a minor nuisance that will eventually go away.
As discussed in the Introduction to Volume One, Jennifer Simon, who was at Wiley
at the time, was instrumental in convincing me to edit the two-volume reference
Handbook on Racial-Cultural Psychology and Counseling. I agreed to take the project
through her persistence and encouragement. She prompted me to think about
what type of material would help advance the field and at the same time build on existing
research and scholarship. It was also her belief that conceptual and research
issues combined into one volume with training and practice would not be practical.
This is the 20th volume of the International Review of Industrial and
Organizational Psychology. In keeping with previous volumes in the series
we have commissioned chapters on a range of topics at the cutting edge of the
industrial,work, and organizational psychology field, from some of
the world’s leading researchers. A number of central topics covered in the
present volume (e.g.
The first edition of Psychology and Law was published in spring 1998. Much of the
text was written in 1995–6, and the last eight years have seen a number of
important developments in research and practice in most of the areas covered in
the book. The volume of new research in the psychology and law area is reflected
in the launch of several new journals, including the British Psychological
Society’s Legal and Criminological Psychology and the International Journal of Police
Science and Management.
The first edition of this text was written in the early 1990s. Since then, the field of
clinical research methods has continued to develop rapidly, and this second
edition has been extensively updated to reflect these developments. We have also
tried to make the whole book more user friendly, both in layout and in content.
All chapters now have summaries and boxes highlighting the key points, and we
have provided many more illustrative examples.
The biggest area of change is in our treatment of qualitative methods.
The development of Understanding Research in Clinical and Counseling Psychology
is the result of our experiences teaching and working with students in
professional psychology over many years. Although virtually all graduate programs
require a course on research, the basis for that requirement is often shrouded
in mystery for many students. Students enter their graduate training with the admirable
ambition of learning skills important for assisting clients to make changes.
Positive human functioning is perhaps most remarkable when evident
in contexts of significant life challenge and adversity. It is then, when
individuals are being tested, that much becomes known about human
strengths—what they are, how they come about, how they are nurtured or
undermined. The growing literature on human resilience addresses this
juxtaposition of being well in the face of difficulty.
Most people take the process of coping for granted as they go about their daily activities. In many ways, coping is like breathing, an automatic process requiring no apparent effort. However, when people face truly threatening events--what psychologists call stressors--they become acutely aware of the coping process and respond by consciously applying their day-to-day coping skills. Coping is a fundamental psychological process, and people's skills are commensurately sophisticated. This volume builds on people's strengths and emphasizes their role as positive copers.