Research problems and questions and how
they relate to debates in Research Methods
Recommended additional reading:
Research Methods for Business Students, (Saunders, M, Lewis, P et al. 2007) Chapters 1 and 2
1.1 Chapter Overview
1.1.1 Learning Outcomes
By the end of this chapter successful students will be able to:
1. Understand the learning and teaching strategy for this chapter
2. Distinguish business and management research from other kinds of research
3. Understand the issues relating to identifying and reformulating problems for research
4. Identify the key debates in research methods...
The idea for this book originated during a conversation in December
2006 with C. Deborah Laughton, Publisher, Methodology and Statistics, at
The Guilford Press, about the challenges of teaching research seminars or
other courses in which students conduct a thesis project. These students
could be senior undergraduates in advanced programs, such as honors
or specialization, or first-year graduate students.
At the same time, however, economists were proposing effluent taxes as a policy that
could both generate incentives to meet ambient quality targets and minimize the costs of doing
Moreover, proponents of effluent fees received a receptive hearing in the political arena.
The Environmental Pollution Panel of the President’s Science Advisory Committee
recommended in 1965 “that careful study be given to tax-like systems in which all polluters
would be subject to ‘effluent charges’ in proportion to their contribution to pollution ….
In response to growing support for sustainable international development strategies,
the U.S. Congress has recommended that the Agency for International Development
(AID) create a new Collaborative Research Support Program (CRSP) that focuses on the
research needs of sustainable agriculture and natural resource management. The Office
of Agriculture in AID's Bureau for Science and Technology subsequently asked that the
National Research Council's Board on Agriculture (BA) and Board on Science and
Technology for International Development (BOSTID) undertake planning for the new
Exciting new observational and theoretical advances lead today's solar physicists to challenge many of the predictions of even recent models. This volume summarizes the major questions at the forefront of solar physics theory and observations, and proposes priority recommendations to explore these questions.
From the time of the first Organization of Arab Petroleum
Exporting Countries oil embargo nearly 30 years ago,
the United States has looked to new technology for solutions
to its energy problems. Indeed, the first government reports
to recommend an energy research and development (R&D)
agenda appeared within weeks of that 1973 event. In 1975,
President Ford created the Energy Research and Development
Administration (ERDA), consolidating under one umbrella
existing R&D energy programs from several agencies.
In late 1977, ERDA became part of the new Department
of Energy (DOE).
The Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF) is intended to be the leading institution in Qatar dedicated to funding research in the Qatari interest. It will address priority economic and social needs and pursue opportunities to attract internationally recognized researchers to study topics of regional and global importance. QNRF is a
This article criticizes the predominant use of fear appeals in social
marketing. Laboratory studies, which have been the basis for most of
the research on fear appeals and which generally suggest that high
fear works, have limitations that include forced exposure, short-term
measurement, and an overdependence on student samples. Although,
unfortunately, field research evaluations of fear appeals are few, they
usually reveal that fear has both weaker effects and unintended deleterious
effects in real-world social marketing campaigns.
A comprehensive search of the scientific literature for this report is complete through September 1991.
In addition, pertinent studies published through July 1992 have been included in the analysis in response to
recommendations made by reviewers.
Due to both resource and time constraints, the scope of this report has been limited to an analysis of
respiratory effects, primarily lung cancer in nonsmoking adults and noncancer respiratory illnesses in children,
with emphasis on the epidemiologic data.
This monograph describes how well the Department of Defense logistics system met the materiel sustainment needs of Army forces in Operation Iraqi Freedom, documents the major reasons for shortfalls in performance, provides recommendations for improvement, and points to questions raised with respect to the design of future forces. The findings should be of interest throughout the Army as well the broader Department of Defense supply chain and force development communities.
and Kay Stables is one of those booksthat need no recommendation for
those who know the field. Their workis internationally known for its
quality. Their names are the first to pop up when one organises a conference
on technology education and seeks for keynote presenters in a conference
section on assessment. For people in technology education the combination
of Kimbell and Stables is almost synonymous with Goldsmiths College. Any
College can hardly wish itself betterambassadors to establish a reputation
for the institute than these two colleagues.
In an ideal world scientists would not use animals (mainly mice and
rats) for medical research. They would use alternative techniques.
In fact, they are doing so increasingly. Non-animal methods
now account for about 90% of medical research and include
mathematical and computer models, advanced tissue and cell
cultures and scanning technology.
However, the scientiﬁc consensus is that many key questions can
still only be answered by animal studies.
Although great care has been taken to provide accurate and current information, neither
the author(s) nor the publisher, nor anyone else associated with this publication,
shall be liable for any loss, damage, or liability directly or indirectly caused or alleged
to be caused by this book. The material contained herein is not intended to provide
specific advice or recommendations for any specific situation.
This report presents a summary and assessment of design margins used in domestic and
international pipeline codes throughout the world. Potential changes to the design factors
contained in the U.S. pipeline regulations and codes have been recommended as a result of this
review. The recommendations allow an increase in the design pressure in many pipelines.
A soft ground condition exists whenever construction loads a cohesive foundation soil beyond its preconsolidation
stress, as often occurs with saturated clays and silts having SPT blow counts that are near zero. The paper
recommends testing programs, testing methods and data interpretation techniques for developing design
parameters for settlement and stability analyses. It hopes to move the state-of-practice closer to the state-of-the-art
and thus is intended for geotechnical practitioners and teachers rather than researchers.
The Marketing Research Report: Preparation and Presentation.
The Marketing Research Report
• Marketing research report: a factual message that transmits research results, vital recommendations, conclusions, and other important information to the client
From within the small yet growing body of research focused upon CAM use for pregnancy
[2,5], the majority has examined pregnant women’s use of discrete supplements or treatments
and, despite recommendations [23,24], there has been little exploration of women’s
consultations with CAM practitioners. One exception is a recent longitudinal cohort study
(n=535)  which identified no significant change in this prevalence rate over a 10 year
period compared with non-pregnant women.
A work on electricity needs little recommendation to stimulate the interest of the general reader. Electricity in its manifold applications is so large a factor in the comfort and convenience of our daily life, so essential to the industrial organization which embraces every dweller in a civilized land, so important in
.the development and extension of civilization itself, that a knowledge of its principles and the means through which they are directed to the service of mankind should be a part of the mental equipment of everyone who pretends to education in its truest sense.
The Canadian Automobile Association (CAA) and the
Traffic Injury Research Foundation (TIRF) are pleased to
present the findings and recommendations from the first
International Conference on Distracted Driving.
In recent years, the issue of driver distraction has received
increasing attention from the media, public, government,
industry and safety organizations. Initially, much of the
concern focussed on the use of cell phones. Legislators
were urged to take action, without having much evidencebased
research to support decision-making....
THE EAST ASIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS: A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF FOUR ALTERNATIVE MODELS David Card and Alan
Krueger provided the SAT data used throughout. Cecilia Rouse provided the hard-to-obtain
School District Data Book used in Chapters 1 and 2. Saul Geiser and Roger Studley of the
University of California Office of the President provided the student records that permitted
the research in Chapter 3.