A framework for reference use in human communication is introduced in Section 1, in order to give a coherent and general view of the phenomenon. Consequences for a resolution mechanism are then examined: data structures, operations, selectional constraints and activation. This approach is then compared to others in Section 2. Section 3 describes briefly the implementation of the model, the texts and the scoring methods. Results are given in Section 4, to corroborate the previous assertions and justify the model. ...
The purpose of this handbook is to present the reader with a teachable text
that includes theory and examples. Useful analytical techniques provide the
student and the practitioner with powerful tools for mechanical design. This
book may also serve as a reference for the designer and as a source book for
This paper presents in summary form some major points of Chapter 3 of Kurtzman, 1984.) Models of the human syntactic parsing mechanism can be classified according to the ways in which they operate upon ambiguous input. Each mode of operation carries particular requirements concerning such basic computational characteristics of the parser as i t s storage capacities and the scheduling of i t s processes, and so specifying which mode is actually embodied in human parsing is a useful approach to determining the functional organization of the human parser.
This paper presents an experimental preference tool des!gned, implemented and tested m the Eurotra pro)ect. The mechanism is based on preference rules which can either compare subtrees pairwise or single out a subtree on the basis of some specified constraints. Scoring permits combining the effects of various preference rules.
Recent advents in laser technology and discoveries in laser physics have enabled their
very new and exciting applications. Some of them cover production of new materials:
nano-particles, periodic structures in nano-scale, and thin films. Others allowed better
understanding of laser-matter interaction when sample is subjected to intense laser
pulses of various time duration, shape in space and time domains as well as different
spectral components contained in a pulse.
The final chapter of the book presents an innovative method for fluid mechanical
design in which an object within the flow field is build element-by-element. Each
element is introduced into the flow, and its effect on a cost function is minimized with
respect to the object’s position. An element may represent added material or a
removed part of the existing structure. This chapter presents a strong degree of
Lithography, the fundamental fabrication process of semiconductor devices, is playing
a critical role in micro- and nano-fabrications and the revolution in high density integrated
circuits. Traditional optical lithography (photolithography) including contact and project
photolithography has contributed significantly to the semiconductor device advancements.
Energy and human life are closely liked. Civilization, present and future, depends on energy
to provide the facilities the human race needs.
The world being created today will determine the outcome of a number of issues and
conflicting demands, which we only now beginning to identify. Whilst their resolution will
fashion the future world, the immediate challenge is to provide enough energy, water and
food, to raise the standard of living of the ever-increasing world population without
“imperiling our irreplaceable environment”....
We have built a “production” system and an advanced research prototype. The production
system uses the commercial Java Message Service (SonicMQ) and has been used very
successfully to build a synchronous collaboration environment applied to distance education.
The publish/subscribe mechanism is powerful but this comes at some performance cost
and so it is important that it satisﬁes the reasonably stringent constraints of synchronous
At the end of the 1980s, more than 1,000 savings & loan institutions in the United States
were threatened by insolvency due to financing with divergent maturity dates in
connection with high interest rates for depositors but comparatively low rates on
In 1989, the Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC) – a bad bank –
was founded. The RTC was set up with government funding and to a limited extent with
money from private investors. Between 1989 and 1995, the RTC took over 747 bankrupt
S&Ls with a book value of 394 billion dollars. The S&L bailout cost US taxpayers...
In case of the control period (1961-1990), the initial and the lateral boundary conditions for
the regional model are taken from (i) the ERA-40 reanalysis database (Uppala et al., 2005)
using 1° horizontal resolution, compiled by the European Centre for Medium-range
Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), and (ii) the HadCM3 ocean-atmosphere coupled GCM using
~150 km as a horizontal resolution. For the validation of the PRECIS results CRU TS
1.2 (Mitchell & Jones, 2005) datasets were used.
The second chapter discusses
how DNA bisulfite treatment together with high-throughput sequencing allows
determining the DNA methylation on a whole genome scale at single cytosine
resolution and introduces software for analysis of bisulfite sequencing data. The third
chapter presents analysis of GC3-rich genes that have more methylation targets.
The availability of such rich imagery of large parts of
the earth’s surface under many different viewing conditions
presents enormous opportunities, both in computer vision
research and for practical applications. From the standpoint
of shape modeling research, Internet imagery presents the
ultimate data set, which should enable modeling a significant
portion of the world’s surface geometry at high resolution.
These limitations arise because the P2P world is lacking in the areas of semantics, data transformation, and data
relationships, yet these are some of the core strengths of the data management community. Queries, views, and
integrity constraints can be used to express relationships between existing objects and to deﬁne new objects in terms
of old ones. Complex queries can be posed across multiple sources, and the results of one query can be materialized
and used to answer other queries.
China today is an economic giant deeply embedded in global trade and
production. In 2006, China’s nominal gross domestic product (GDP) exceeded
two and one-half trillion U.S. dollars, larger than that of France and
approaching that of Germany. Calibrated in the metric used by the World
Bank to capture comparable real standards of living, China’s GDP in 2006
reached 10.21 trillion purchasing power parity (PPP) dollars, thereby placing
its economy second in the world only after the United States.1...
The structural basis for the homotropic inhibition of pantothenate synthe-tase by the substrate pantoate was investigated by X-ray crystallography
and high-resolution NMR spectroscopic methods. The tertiary structure of
the dimeric N-terminal domain of Escherichia colipantothenate synthetase,
determined by X-ray crystallography to a resolution of 1.7 A˚
, showed a
second molecule of pantoate bound in the ATP-binding pocket.
It is a very common thing now-a-days to meet people who are going to "China," which can be reached by the
Siberian railway in fourteen or fifteen days. This brings us at once to the question--What is meant by the term
Taken in its widest sense, the term includes Mongolia, Manchuria, Eastern Turkestan, Tibet, and the Eighteen
Provinces, the whole being equivalent to an area of some five million square miles, that is, considerably more
than twice the size of the United States of America.
This volume is the third to be published of a series on "The World's Living Religions," projected in 1920 by
the Board of Missionary Preparation of the Foreign Missions Conference of North America. The series seeks Buddhism is a religion which must be viewed from many angles. Its original form, as preached by Gautama in
India and developed in the early years succeeding, and as embodied in the sacred literature of early Buddhism,
is not representative of the actual Buddhism of any land today.
There are indeed enough Histories of China already: why yet another one? Because the time has come for new
departures; because we need to clear away the false notions with which the general public is constantly being
fed by one author after another; because from time to time syntheses become necessary for the presentation of
the stage reached by research.
Histories of China fall, with few exceptions, into one or the other of two groups, pro-Chinese and
anti-Chinese: the latter used to predominate, but today the former type is much more frequently found....