Xem 1-20 trên 44 kết quả Resolution mechanisms
  • A framework for reference use in human communication is introduced in Section 1, in order to give a coherent and general view of the phenomenon. Consequences for a resolution mechanism are then examined: data structures, operations, selectional constraints and activation. This approach is then compared to others in Section 2. Section 3 describes briefly the implementation of the model, the texts and the scoring methods. Results are given in Section 4, to corroborate the previous assertions and justify the model. ...

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  • The purpose of this handbook is to present the reader with a teachable text that includes theory and examples. Useful analytical techniques provide the student and the practitioner with powerful tools for mechanical design. This book may also serve as a reference for the designer and as a source book for the researcher.

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  • This paper presents in summary form some major points of Chapter 3 of Kurtzman, 1984.) Models of the human syntactic parsing mechanism can be classified according to the ways in which they operate upon ambiguous input. Each mode of operation carries particular requirements concerning such basic computational characteristics of the parser as i t s storage capacities and the scheduling of i t s processes, and so specifying which mode is actually embodied in human parsing is a useful approach to determining the functional organization of the human parser.

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  • This paper presents an experimental preference tool des!gned, implemented and tested m the Eurotra pro)ect. The mechanism is based on preference rules which can either compare subtrees pairwise or single out a subtree on the basis of some specified constraints. Scoring permits combining the effects of various preference rules.

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  • The final chapter of the book presents an innovative method for fluid mechanical design in which an object within the flow field is build element-by-element. Each element is introduced into the flow, and its effect on a cost function is minimized with respect to the object’s position. An element may represent added material or a removed part of the existing structure. This chapter presents a strong degree of mathematical formality.

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  • Recent advents in laser technology and discoveries in laser physics have enabled their very new and exciting applications. Some of them cover production of new materials: nano-particles, periodic structures in nano-scale, and thin films. Others allowed better understanding of laser-matter interaction when sample is subjected to intense laser pulses of various time duration, shape in space and time domains as well as different spectral components contained in a pulse.

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  • Lithography, the fundamental fabrication process of semiconductor devices, is playing a critical role in micro- and nano-fabrications and the revolution in high density integrated circuits. Traditional optical lithography (photolithography) including contact and project photolithography has contributed significantly to the semiconductor device advancements.

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  • CHAPTER 2 9 MEASUREMENTS E. L. Hixson E. A. Ripperger University of Texas Austin, Texas 29.1 STANDARDS AND ACCURACY 29.1.1 Standards 29.1.2 Accuracy and Precision 29. 1 .3 Sensitivity or Resolution 29.1.4 Linearity IMPEDANCE CONCEPTS ERROR ANALYSIS 29.3.1 Introduction 29.3.2 Internal Estimates 917 917 918 918 919 29.4 919 923 923 923 29.3.3 Use of Normal Distribution to Calculate the Probable Error in X 924 29.3.4 External Estimates 925 APPENDIX 29.4.1 Vibration Measurement 29.4.2 Acceleration Measurement 29.4.3 Shock Measurement 29.4.4 Sound Measurement 928 928 928 928 928 29.2 29.

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  • Energy and human life are closely liked. Civilization, present and future, depends on energy to provide the facilities the human race needs. The world being created today will determine the outcome of a number of issues and conflicting demands, which we only now beginning to identify. Whilst their resolution will fashion the future world, the immediate challenge is to provide enough energy, water and food, to raise the standard of living of the ever-increasing world population without “imperiling our irreplaceable environment”....

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  • We have built a “production” system and an advanced research prototype. The production system uses the commercial Java Message Service (SonicMQ) and has been used very successfully to build a synchronous collaboration environment applied to distance education. The publish/subscribe mechanism is powerful but this comes at some performance cost and so it is important that it satisfies the reasonably stringent constraints of synchronous collaboration.

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  • At the end of the 1980s, more than 1,000 savings & loan institutions in the United States were threatened by insolvency due to financing with divergent maturity dates in connection with high interest rates for depositors but comparatively low rates on mortgage lending. 11 In 1989, the Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC) – a bad bank – was founded. The RTC was set up with government funding and to a limited extent with money from private investors. Between 1989 and 1995, the RTC took over 747 bankrupt S&Ls with a book value of 394 billion dollars. The S&L bailout cost US taxpayers...

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  • In case of the control period (1961-1990), the initial and the lateral boundary conditions for the regional model are taken from (i) the ERA-40 reanalysis database (Uppala et al., 2005) using 1° horizontal resolution, compiled by the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), and (ii) the HadCM3 ocean-atmosphere coupled GCM using ~150 km as a horizontal resolution. For the validation of the PRECIS results CRU TS 1.2 (Mitchell & Jones, 2005) datasets were used.

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  • The second chapter discusses how DNA bisulfite treatment together with high-throughput sequencing allows determining the DNA methylation on a whole genome scale at single cytosine resolution and introduces software for analysis of bisulfite sequencing data. The third chapter presents analysis of GC3-rich genes that have more methylation targets.

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  • The availability of such rich imagery of large parts of the earth’s surface under many different viewing conditions presents enormous opportunities, both in computer vision research and for practical applications. From the standpoint of shape modeling research, Internet imagery presents the ultimate data set, which should enable modeling a significant portion of the world’s surface geometry at high resolution.

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  • These limitations arise because the P2P world is lacking in the areas of semantics, data transformation, and data relationships, yet these are some of the core strengths of the data management community. Queries, views, and integrity constraints can be used to express relationships between existing objects and to define new objects in terms of old ones. Complex queries can be posed across multiple sources, and the results of one query can be materialized and used to answer other queries.

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  • China today is an economic giant deeply embedded in global trade and production. In 2006, China’s nominal gross domestic product (GDP) exceeded two and one-half trillion U.S. dollars, larger than that of France and approaching that of Germany. Calibrated in the metric used by the World Bank to capture comparable real standards of living, China’s GDP in 2006 reached 10.21 trillion purchasing power parity (PPP) dollars, thereby placing its economy second in the world only after the United States.1...

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  • The structural basis for the homotropic inhibition of pantothenate synthe-tase by the substrate pantoate was investigated by X-ray crystallography and high-resolution NMR spectroscopic methods. The tertiary structure of the dimeric N-terminal domain of Escherichia colipantothenate synthetase, determined by X-ray crystallography to a resolution of 1.7 A˚ , showed a second molecule of pantoate bound in the ATP-binding pocket.

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  • It is a very common thing now-a-days to meet people who are going to "China," which can be reached by the Siberian railway in fourteen or fifteen days. This brings us at once to the question--What is meant by the term China? Taken in its widest sense, the term includes Mongolia, Manchuria, Eastern Turkestan, Tibet, and the Eighteen Provinces, the whole being equivalent to an area of some five million square miles, that is, considerably more than twice the size of the United States of America.

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  • This volume is the third to be published of a series on "The World's Living Religions," projected in 1920 by the Board of Missionary Preparation of the Foreign Missions Conference of North America. The series seeks Buddhism is a religion which must be viewed from many angles. Its original form, as preached by Gautama in India and developed in the early years succeeding, and as embodied in the sacred literature of early Buddhism, is not representative of the actual Buddhism of any land today.

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  • The crystal structure of pyruvate decarboxylase fromKluyveromyces lactis has been determined to 2.26 A˚ resolution. Like other yeast enzymes, Kluyveromyces lactispyruvate decarboxylase is subject to allosteric sub-strate activation. Binding of substrate at a regulatory site induces catalytic activity.

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