Xem 1-20 trên 23 kết quả Resolving the current
  • The Future of Banking Edited by Thorsten Beck A VoxEU.org eBook .The Future of Banking A VoxEU.org eBook .Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) Centre for Economic Policy Research 3rd Floor 77 Bastwick Street London, EC1V 3PZ UK Tel: +44 (0)20 7183 8801 Fax: +4 (0)20 7183 8820 Email: cepr@cepr.org Web: www.cepr.org © Centre for Economic Policy Research, 2011 ISBN (eBook): 978-1-907142-46-8 .The Future of Banking A VoxEU.org eBook Edited by Thorsten Beck .

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  • During the past twenty-five years there has been an exponential growth in the number of environmental and natural resource conflicts. They occur at local, regional, national and international levels and encompass an ever increasing range of issues. Many have proven to be very difficult to successfully resolve. A look at just a few arenas where conflicts have emerged illustrates this trend.

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  • We propose the creation of “Trichet Bonds” as a comprehensive solution to the current sovereign debt crisis in the EU area. “Trichet Bonds,” to be named after the ECB president Jean-Claude Trichet, will be similar to “Brady Bonds” that resolved the Latin American debt crisis in the late 1980s and were named after the then Treasury Secretary Nicholas Brady. Like the Brady Bonds, Trichet Bonds will be new long-duration bonds issued by countries in the EU area that will be collateralized by zero-coupon bonds of the same duration issued by the ECB.

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  • This paper summarizes the presentations and discussion at the Energy Options for the Future meeting held at the Naval Research Laboratory in March of 2004. The presentations covered the present status and future potential for coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear, wind, solar, geothermal, and biomass energy sources and the effect of measures for energy conservation. The longevity of current major energy sources, means for resolving or mitigating environmental issues, and the role to be played by yet to be deployed sources, like fusion, were major topics of presentation and discussion....

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  • The abolition of the entry load and the revision of trail commission guidelines have taken care of some key issues, but in turn have given rise to other aspects which need to be tackled and resolved. Mandatory disclosure of commission earned: A mandatory disclosure alerts the investor about the extent of distributor gain while putting the onus on the distributor to explain the rationale for the switch.

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  • There are also institutional issues to resolve. A path-dependent technology pattern has developed in the energy field that encourages the current centralized generation model of energy supply. When shifting away the capital investments in technology from centrally planned facilities toward distributed generation, renewable energy technologies and their prospective customers must fight against a tide of perceptions, practices, and market structures designed to facilitate the old central-station ways.

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  • To remedy these evils, the authorities at Amsterdam resolved to have recourse to that system of bank payments, which had so long been in use at Venice. This was the origin of the BANK OF AMSTERDAM. The original subscribers to the bank paid into its vaults certain sums in the current coin, for which they received a credit on its books equivalent to the intrinsic value of the deposit.

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  • English usage is a subject as wide as the English language itself. By far the greater part of usage, however, raises no ontroversies and poses no problems for native speakers of English, just because it is their natural idiom. But there are certain limited areas --particular sounds, spellings, words, and constructions--about which there arises uncertainty, difficulty, or disagreement. The proper aim of a usage guide is to resolve these problems, rather than describe the whole of current usage.

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  • English usage is a subject as wide as the English language itself. By far the greater part of usage, however, raises no controversies and poses no problems for native speakers of English, just because it is their natural idiom. But there are certain limited areas --particular sounds, spellings, words, and constructions--about which there arises uncertainty, difficulty, or disagreement. The proper aim of a usage guide is to resolve these problems, rather than describe the whole of current usage....

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  • Many harms flow across the ever-more porous sovereign borders of a globalizing world. These harms expose weaknesses in the international legal regime built on sovereignty of nation states. Using the Trail Smelter arbitration, one of the most cited cases in international environmental law, this book explores the changing nature of state responses to transboundary harm. Taking a critical approach, the book examines the arbitration’s influence on international law generally and international environ- mental law specifically.

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  • The fractal analysis is becoming a very useful tool to process obtained data from chaotic systems in geosciences. It can be used to resolve many ambiguities in this domain. This book contains eight chapters showing the recent applications of the fractal/mutifractal analysis in geosciences. Two chapters are devoted to applications of the fractal analysis in climatology, two of them to data of cosmic and solar geomagnetic data from observatories. Four chapters of the book contain some applications of the (multi-) fractal analysis in exploration geophysics.

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  • Reviewers provide their comments in writing on Form RCSR or equivalent document. Comments are submitted to the DM electronically via Document Control by the date and time indicated on the review package transmittal letter. If a reviewer has no comments, he/she indicates “No Comments” on the Form RCSR and returns it to Document Control and the DM. The DM conducts a Comment Resolution meeting to document and resolve responses to review comments.

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  • In regard to the long-term debt problem, in an economy operating close to potential output, government borrowing to finance budget deficits will in theory draw down the pool of national saving, crowding out private capital investment and slowing long-term growth. However, the U.S. economy is currently operating well short of capacity and the risk of such crowding out occurring is therefore low in the near term.

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  • 390 13 Debugging and Problem Solving the Hyper-V Host and Guest Operating System . Client Name—Specifies the name of the client computer using the session, if applicable. . Status—Displays the current status of a session. Sessions can be either Active or Disconnected. . Session—Displays which session the user is logged on with. Using Event Viewer for Logging and Debugging Event Viewer is the next tool to use when debugging, problem solving, or troubleshooting to resolve a problem with a Windows 2008 system. Event Viewer, as shown in Figure 13.

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  • In the Direct Loan Program, schools are responsible for completing all tasks to originate and disburse loans to students.8 Furthermore, schools that originate loans in the Direct Loan Program are responsible for completing a monthly loan reconciliation by comparing their internal Direct Loan records with the cash balance reported by FSA’s loan origination and disbursement contractor and resolving all differences between the contractor’s report and the school’s internal records. Schools must also reconcile on a yearly basis.

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  • IAS 1 This version includes amendments resulting from IFRSs issued up to 17 January 2008. IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements was issued by the International Accounting Standards Committee in September 1997. It replaced IAS 1 Disclosure of Accounting Policies (originally approved in 1974), IAS 5 Information to be Disclosed in Financial Statements (originally approved in 1977) and IAS 13 Presentation of Current Assets and Current Liabilities (originally approved in 1979).

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  • Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations This version includes amendments resulting from IFRSs issued up to 17 January 2008. IAS 35 Discontinuing Operations was issued by the International Accounting Standards Committee in June 1998. In April 2001 the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) resolved that all Standards and Interpretations issued under previous Constitutions continued to be applicable unless and until they were amended or withdrawn.

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  • In November 2003 the Road Pavement Forum resolved that a technical working group should be formed to investigate the development of a national guideline (or code of practice) on the use of Asphalt Reinforcement. For the purpose of this study the main functions of Asphalt Reinforcement Interlayer (ARI) is to:prevent or reduce reflective cracking from underlying layers,protect asphalt layers against traffic induced cracking,avoid or reduce development of rutting in asphalt layers.

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  • In January 1976, the Transportation Energy Conservation (TEC) Division of the Energy Research and Development Administration contracted with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to prepare a Transportation Energy Conservation Data Book to be used by TEC staff in their evaluation of current and proposed conservation strategies. The major purposes of the Data Book were to draw together, under one cover, transportation data from diverse sources, to resolve data conflicts and inconsistencies, and to produce a comprehensive document.

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  • Our current level of long-term and comparative information on estuaries in many cases prohibits objective determination of the status and trends among these ecosystems. The way to resolve this situation is to develop and evaluate estuarine environmental indicators that will permit objective and meaningful evaluation of estuaries. However, this effort far exceeds the ability of one or a few well-intentioned scientists.

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