Respiratory medicine

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Comprehensive respiratory medicine...

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  • Additionally, the medical profession exercises significant self-regulation to assure the continuing competence of practicing physicians. Specialists in reproductive medicine are certified by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology or the American Board of Urology after completing residency training and passing examinations. They may achieve subspecialty certification with additional training in infertility and endocrinology. Continuing medical education and periodic re-examination are required to maintain certification....

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  • (BQ) Phần 1 cuốn sách "Harrison’s principles internal medicine self - assessment and board review" trình bày các nội dung: Introduction to Clinical Madicine, nutrition, oncology and Hamatology, infecders of the Respiratory System, Disorders of the Respiratory System, Disorders of the Kidney and Urinary Tract,... Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo nội dung chi tiết.

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  • Medicine is an ever-changing science. Every day we are encountered with the new developments and knowledge in the pathogenesis, mechanism of disease, newer diagnostic modalities, treatment options and new challenges in the management of the various diseases. The same holds true for respiratory diseases with the emergence of new respiratory pathogens having significant impact on the respiratory system.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 31. Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis, and Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections: Introduction Infections of the upper respiratory tract (URIs) have a tremendous impact on public health. They are among the most common reasons for visits to primary care providers, and, although the illnesses are typically mild, their high incidence and transmission rates place them among the leading causes of time lost from work or school.

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  • Infections of the Larynx and Epiglottis Laryngitis Laryngitis is defined as any inflammatory process involving the larynx and can be caused by a variety of infectious and noninfectious processes. The vast majority of laryngitis cases seen in clinical practice in developed countries are acute. Acute laryngitis is a common syndrome caused predominantly by the same viruses responsible for many other URIs. In fact, most cases of acute laryngitis occur in the setting of a viral URI.

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  • Infection of the submandibular and/or sublingual space typically originates from an infected or recently extracted lower tooth. The result is the severe, lifethreatening infection referred to as Ludwig's angina (see "Oral Infections," above). Infection of the lateral pharyngeal (or parapharyngeal) space is most often a complication of common infections of the oral cavity and upper respiratory tract, including tonsillitis, peritonsillar abscess, pharyngitis, mastoiditis, or periodontal infection.

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  • In a previous study, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) was cultured in the presence of bananin, an effective adamantane-related molecule with antiviral activity. In the present study, we show that all bananin-resistant variants exhibit mutations in helicase and membrane protein, although no evidence of bananin interference on their mutual interaction has been found.

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  • The mitochondrial respiratory complex II, or succinate:ubiquinone oxido-reductase, is an integral membrane protein complex in both the tricarboxy-lic acid cycle (Krebs cycle) and aerobic respiration. The gene sequences of each complex II subunit were measured by RT-PCR. N-terminal sequen-cing work was performed to identify the mitochondrial targeting signal peptide of each subunit.

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  • Upper Respiratory Infections: Treatment Antibiotics have no role in the treatment of uncomplicated nonspecific URI. In the absence of clinical evidence of bacterial infection, treatment remains entirely symptom-based, with use of decongestants and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Other therapies directed at specific symptoms are often useful, including dextromethorphan for cough and lozenges with topical anesthetic for sore throat. Clinical trials of zinc, vitamin C, echinacea, and other alternative remedies have revealed no consistent benefit for the treatment of nonspecific URI.

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  • With the increasing complexity of modern medicine, we now have literally thousands of possible investigative techniques at our disposal. We are able to examine our patient’s serum and every other body fluid down to the level of individual nucleotides, as well as being able to perform precise imaging through CT, MRI and other imaging technologies. The problem we have all faced, especially as senior medical students or junior doctors is: which test should we use in a given setting? What hazards are associated with the tests?...

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  • Planning for the IM Boards? This 12th Edition is for you. The 12th Edition IM Core has been updated and reviewed by more than 20 subspecialty experts-with complete rewrite of selected subspecialty sections. The Core Curriculum covers Cardiology, Pulmonary Medicine, Gastroenterology, Infectious Diseases, Rheumatology, Endocrinology, Hematology, Oncology, Nephrology, Neurology, Dermatology, Allergy, Immunology and General Internal Medicine in great detail in 5 books. These books are in brand new condition, in fact you will not be able to differ from new books ....

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  • The most striking difference between the subgenomic mRNA8 of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus isolated from human and some animal species is the deletion of 29 nucleotides, resulting in splitting of a single ORF (ORF8) into two ORFs (ORF8a and ORF8b). ORF8a and ORF8b are predicted to encode two small proteins, 8a and 8b, and ORF8 a single protein, 8ab (a fusion form of 8a and 8b).

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  • Nuclear medicine technology is a fascinating subject, and anyone who has mastered it and been given the privilege to work as a technologist may justifiably be proud. Taking and passing the exam offered by the Nuclear Medicine Technology Certification Board (NMTCB),or that offered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT), is the final step in reaching the status of Nuclear Medicine Technologist. These exams are both challenging and the breadth of knowledge that they cover mean that a thorough review is in order before attempting them....

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  • If the complaint is of dizziness establish if it is vestibular—vertigo, episodic, precipitated by change in position, associated nausea, vomiting, deafness or tinnitus—or non-vestibular—‘light headed’, constant, associated with hyperventilation, palpitations, syncope, sweating, pallor, headache. Examine the nervous and cardiovascular systems carefully. Look at the tympanic membranes. Check for orthostatic hypotension. Vestibular causes 2 Labyrinthitis. 2 Meniere’s disease. 2 Acoustic neuroma or other cerebello-pontine angle tumour.

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  • Approaches to Passive Immunization Passive immunization is generally used to provide temporary immunity in a person exposed to an infectious disease who has not been actively immunized; this situation can arise when active immunization is unavailable (e.g., for respiratory syncytial virus) or when active immunization simply has not been implemented before exposure (e.g., for rabies). Passive immunization is used in the treatment of certain illnesses associated with toxins (e.g.

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  • Among the valid contraindications applicable to all vaccines are a history of anaphylaxis or other serious allergic reactions to a vaccine or vaccine component and the presence of a moderate or severe illness, with or without fever. Infants who develop encephalopathy within 72 h of a dose of DTP or DTaP should not receive further doses; those who experience a "precaution" event should not normally receive further doses. Because of theoretical risks to the fetus, pregnant women should not receive MMR or varicella vaccine.

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  • Endoscopy has had a major impact in the development of modern medicine and other medical specialties. The field of endoscopic procedure has developed over the last decade. By using different data it provided a better understanding of pathogenic mechanisms, described new entities and used for early detection, diagnostic procedures and therapeutic procedures. The advantages of many technical advances and modern endoscopic equipments, endoscopy has had a developed spectacularly.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 35. Hypoxia and Cyanosis HYPOXIA The fundamental task of the cardiorespiratory system is to deliver O 2 (and substrates) to the cells and to remove CO2 (and other metabolic products) from them. Proper maintenance of this function depends on intact cardiovascular and respiratory systems, an adequate number of red blood cells and hemoglobin, and a supply of inspired gas containing adequate O2. Effects Decreased O2 availability to cells results in an inhibition of the respiratory chain and increased anaerobic glycolysis.

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  • The source of free water loss is either renal or extrarenal. Nonrenal loss of water may be due to evaporation from the skin and respiratory tract (insensible losses) or loss from the gastrointestinal tract. Insensible losses are increased with fever, exercise, heat exposure, and severe burns and in mechanically ventilated patients. Furthermore, the Na+ concentration of sweat decreases with profuse perspiration, thereby increasing solute-free water loss. Diarrhea is the most common gastrointestinal cause of hypernatremia.

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