The most established nationwide medical registry in Germany is the Perinatal Registry, which collects
maternal health records concerning pregnancy, delivery and perinatal outcome from now more than
1100 hospitals. Over the past 16 years, data collection was transformed from printed questionnaires to
digital records. A special web-based information source of the German Perinatal Registry does not
In this part we begin our econometric analysis of linear models for cross section and panel data. In Chapter 4 we review the single-equation linear model and discuss ordinary least squares estimation. Although this material is, in principle, review, the approach is likely to be different from an introductory linear models course.
von der Schulenburg et al. Health Economics Review 2011, 1:18 http://www.healtheconomicsreview.com/content/1/1/18
The effects of drug market regulation on pharmaceutical prices in Europe: overview and evidence from the market of ACE inhibitors
Fritz von der Schulenburg1,2, Sotiris Vandoros1 and Panos Kanavos1*
Abstract This study provides an overview of policy measures targeting pharmaceutical expenditure in Europe and analyses their impact on originator pharmaceutical prices.
We are grateful to everyone who attended the panel’s ﬁrst meet-
ing and provided perspectives on issues of human research participant
protection in the social, behavioral, and economic sciences (SBES).
We acknowledge the wealth of information that we obtained from web-
sites of private and public organizations and from previous surveys
of the review process for research with human participants (see the
This report is the second in a continuing review of the planning being done by the Social Security
Administration (SSA) to develop a new data management system to support its service delivery process. The
review was undertaken at the request of the Social Security Administration, and follows by one year a review by
a similar panel of the Board on Telecommunications-Computer Applications, National Research Council.
Although there have been clear improvements in the delivery of specific health
services, many of the systemic problems facing the U.S. child health system seem
intractable and resistant to incremental reform strategies. Both the 1981 report of
the Select Panel for the Promotion of Child Health and the 1991 report of the Na-
tional Commission on Children highlighted numerous system-level problems re-
lated to fragmented programs, disjointed and inadequate funding streams, inade-
quate performance monitoring, and the lack of a coherent planning framework.
We found that NOP officials did not assemble a peer review panel to annually evaluate their accreditation procedures. NOP regulations require the AMS Administrator to establish a peer review panel pursuant to the Federal Advisory Committee Act8 (FACA) to complete this evaluation. NOP officials attributed this inaction to budget constraints and the difficulties in forming a panel each year. NOP officials did not request a waiver from the Administrator or additional funding to form a panel.
The link between pesticides and cancer has long been a concern.
While agriculture has traditionally been tied to pesticide-related
illnesses, 19 of 30 commonly used lawn pesticides and 28 of 40
commonly used school pesticides are linked to cancer.
Even with the growing body of evidence linking
environmental exposures to cancer in recent years, a
report released May 6, 2010 by the President’s Cancer
Panel finds that the true burden of environmentally-
induced cancer is greatly underestimated.
The Panel on Seal Management also reviewed the available estimates of the consumption by seals of different fish species and concluded that more information is needed to understand the relationship between seals and their prey. They stated that seals consume large amounts of fish throughout Atlantic Canada, but that there is much less evidence that this predation is having a major impact on the recovery of most commercial fish stocks.
In Europe, an environmental policy for the
protection of children’s health was established at the
Third Ministerial Conference on Environment and
Health in 1999. At the Fourth Ministerial Conference
on Environment and Health in 2004, the Children's
Environment and Health Action Plan for Europe
was adopted and the member countries committed
themselves to developing and implementing national
environment and health action plans for children by
2007. In response to these developments, Denmark
and Norway began national epidemiological research
projects on child health.
Dental caries is a common childhood problem. It is five times more prevalent than asthma. Although dental caries is preventable, almost 28 percent of children aged two to five years experience the disease (21). A virulent form of dental caries in children younger than six is generally defined as early childhood caries (ECC). Because management of these children in dental offices is difficult, treatment is often rendered in operating rooms, increasing the cost of care. Furthermore, there is a high rate of relapse of caries in these children.
A big part of my role as a physician is educating
my patients about their health. I take as much
time as each person needs to explain prevention
measures, test results, and treatment options. I
encourage questions. But in the moment, sitting
there in my office, most people do not yet know
what to ask me. By the time questions flood
their thoughts, they may be back at work or at
To reinforce these recommendations and to provide guidance, the New York State Department of Health convened an expert panel of health care professionals who are involved in promoting the health of pregnant women and children. The panel reviewed literature, identified existing interventions,
practices and guidelines, assessed issues of concern, and developed recommendations.
1 What is a symbol, and how does it differ from an instance? 2 Name two ways you can create a symbol. 3 When you import an Illustrator file, what happens if you choose to import layers as layers? As keyframes? 4 How can you change the transparency of an instance in Flash? 5 What are the two ways to edit symbols?
1 A symbol is a graphic, button, or movie clip that you create once in Flash and can then reuse throughout your document or in other documents. All symbols are stored in your Library panel. An instance...
In 2006 the Royal Society, in cooperation with the International Council for Science, the
InterAcademy Panel on International Issues (now the IAP—the Global Network of
Science Academies) and the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, organized a workshop
that surveyed trends in science and technology (S&T). The objective was to provide an
independent contribution from the international scientific community to the 6th
Conference of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC) that was held in
December of that year. ...
The Review uses the results from one particular model, PAGE2002, to illustrate how
the estimates derived from these integrated assessment models change in response
to updated scientific evidence on the probabilities attached to degrees of temperature
rise. The choice of model was guided by our desire to analyse risks explicitly - this is
one of the very few models that would allow that exercise. Further, its underlying
assumptions span the range of previous studies.
I am very grateful to the special group of distinguished scientists who made up the Panel
and Secretariat for this major review of the evidence on food, nutrition, physical activity
and cancer. The vision of WCRF International in convening this Panel and confidence in
letting a strong-willed group of scientists have their way is to be highly commended.
In our view, the evidence reviewed here that led to our recommendations provides a
wonderful opportunity to prevent cancer and improve global health. Individuals and
populations have in their hands the means to lead fuller, healthier lives.
This review was conducted by a team from Johns Hopkins University with expertise in the
management of sickle cell disease, clinical trial methodology (including clinical trials of
hematological agents), systematic literature review, epidemiological studies, and ethics and
adherence research. External technical experts, including academic and clinical experts and
representatives of patients and public interest groups, provided input regarding the selection and
refinement of the questions to be examined and the relevant literature to be considered.