Engineers use the concepts and methods of mechanics of solids in designing and evaluating tools, machines, and structures, ranging from wrenches to cars to spacecraft. The required educational background for these includes courses in statics, dynamics, mechanics of materials, and related subjects. For
example, dynamics of rigid bodies is needed in generalizing the spectrum of service loads on a car,
which is essential in defining the vehicle’s deformations and long-term durability.
Multibody simulation consists of analyzing the dynamic behavior of a system of interconnected bodies
comprised of flexible and/or rigid components. The bodies may be constrained with respect to each other
via a kinematically admissible set of constraints modeled as joints. These systems can represent an automobile,
a space structure with antenna deployment capabilities, an aircraft as an assemblage of rigid and flexible
parts, a robot with manipulator arms, and so on. In all such cases, the components may undergo large rotation,
large displacement, and finite strain effects....
When computing the performance of a vehicle in longitudinal motion (maximum speed, gradeability, fuel consumption, braking, etc.), the vehicle is modelled as a rigid body, or in an even simpler way, as a point mass. The presence of suspensions and the compliance of tires are then neglected and motion is described by a single equation, the equilibrium equation in the longitudinal direction. If the x-axis is assumed to be parallel to the ground, the longitudinal equilibrium equation reduces to m¨ = x
A vehicle on elastic suspensions may be modelled as a system made by a certain number of rigid bodies connected with each other by mechanisms of various kinds and by a set of massless springs and dampers simulating the suspensions. A vehicle with four wheels can be modelled as a system with 10 degrees of freedom, six for the body and one for each wheel. This holds for any type of suspension, if the motion of the wheels due to the compliance of the system constraining the motion of the suspensions (longitudinal and transversal compliance of the suspensions) is neglected....
Integrating statistics and dynamics within a single volume, the book will support the study of engineering mechanics throughout an undergraduate course. The theory of two- and three-dimensional dynamics of particles and rigid bodies, leading to Euler's equations, is developed. The vibration of one- and two-degree-of-freedom systems and an introduction to automatic control, now including frequency response methods, are covered.
The scope of the series covers the entire spectrum of solid mechanics. Thus it includes the foundation of mechanics; variational formulations; computational mechanics; statics, kinematics and dynamics of rigid and elastic bodies; vibrations of solids and structures; dynamical systems and chaos; the theories of elasticity, plasticity and viscoelasticity; composite materials; rods, beams, shells and membranes; structural control and stability; soils, rocks and geomechanics; fracture; tribology; experimental mechanics; biomechanics and machine design.
shows the accelerometer data of the frame and body at the B-Pillar of truck F (with type F body mount) with a duration of 20 ms in a 35 mph rigid barrier test. The data were filtered by a Butterworth 2nd-order filter at a roll-off frequency of 100 Hz according to SAE J211, Instrumentation for Impact Tests. The duration of the frame impulse lasts about 10 ms and the peak magnitude is about -135 g at 7 ms. The first peak magnitude of the body deceleration is about -35 g at 11 ms, about 4 ms later than the...
Aims and Scope of the Series The fundamental questions arising in mechanics are: Why?, How?, and How much? The aim of this series is to provide lucid accounts written by authoritative researchers giving vision and insight in answering these questions on the subject of mechanics as it relates to solids. The scope of the series covers the entire spectrum of solid mechanics.
Red blood cells contain hemoglobin. Hemoglobin helps red blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs
to other parts of the body. People with normal hemoglobin have mostly Hemoglobin A in their red
blood cells. People with sickle cell disease have mostly sickle or Hemoglobin S (Hb S) in their red
blood cells. Hb S is an abnormal type of hemoglobin. In people with sickle cell disease, Hb S causes
the red blood cells to change from a round shape to a sickle or banana shape. Also, Hb S causes the
red blood cells to become rigid and sticky. This leads...