Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: The association between systemic glucocorticoid therapy and the risk of infection in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: systematic review and metaanalyses...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về bệnh thú y được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành thú y đề tài: Risk of Infection with Leishmania spp. in the Canine Population in the Netherlands...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Hypothermia does not increase the risk of infection: a case control study...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Endothelial Endotoxemia related to cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with increased risk of infection after cardiac surgery: a prospective observational study...
Urinary Tract Infections Urinary tract infections (UTIs) account for as many as 40–45% of nosocomial infections; up to 3% of bacteriuric patients develop bacteremia. Although UTIs contribute only 10–15% to prolongation of hospital stay and to extra costs, these infections are important reservoirs and sources for spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospitals. Almost all nosocomial UTIs are associated with preceding instrumentation or indwelling bladder catheters, which create a 3–10% risk of infection each day.
It has been reported that a substantial
proportion of the new cases arise from the previously
infected population. Hence, it appears that exogenous
reinfection and/or endogenous reactivation play a major
role in the development of post-primary disease. Though
the risk of disease due to recent infection is known, the risk
of disease associated with exogenous reinfection and
endogenous reactivation has not been computed in Indian
conditions. The data collected during a longitudinal study
by NTI, Bangalore was analysed to estimate the above
mentioned risk rates.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Transplant infections" presents the following contents: Introduction to transplant infections, risks and epidemiology of infections after transplantation, specific sites of infection, bacterial infections.
Biological Risk Engineering — Infection Control and Decontamination provides a compendium of biological risk management information. Biological risk is of concern to us all. The biological risks we face vary and include biological contamination within our environment and, more personally, biological risk to ourselves through disease or the potential for disease.
This book deals with a subset of biological risk agents defined as bacteria, molds, yeasts, viruses, and prions. The term biologicals refers to these agents.
It has been recognized for many years that states of nutrient deficiency are associated
with an impaired immune response and with increased susceptibility to infectious
disease. In turn, infection can affect the status of several nutrients, thus setting
up a vicious circle of under nutrition, compromised immune function and infection.
Dental Care of Medically Complex Patients Routine dental care (e.g., extraction, scaling and cleaning, tooth restoration, and root canal) is remarkably safe. The most common concerns regarding care of dental patients with medical disease are fear of excessive bleeding for patients on anticoagulants, infection of the heart valves and prosthetic devices from hematogenous seeding of oral flora, and cardiovascular complications resulting from vasopressors used with local anesthetics during dental treatment. Experience confirms that the risks of any of these complications are very low.
Patients in whom diphtheria is suspected should be hospitalized in respiratory isolation rooms, with close monitoring of cardiac and respiratory function. A cardiac workup is recommended to assess the possibility of myocarditis. In patients with extensive pseudomembranes, consultation with an anesthesiologist or an ear, nose, and throat specialist is recommended because of the possibility that tracheostomy or intubation will be required. In some settings, pseudomembranes can be removed surgically.
Results of an American study support the theory of a rather strong genetic influence on
risk of prostate cancer. The study compared patterns of prostate cancer among black and
white men (Chu et al., 2003). Black Americans had substantially higher prostate cancer
rates than white Americans, but the longitudinal trends such as decreasing mortality,
increasing incidence and survival were similar. Although this was not a typical migrant
study, it compared different ethnic and thus genetic and lifestyle factors in a known risk
Living arrangements, particularly overcrowded
conditions and a lack of privacy, have been
associated with conflict within families. Although
abuse can occur when the abuser and the older
person suffering abuse live apart, the older person is
more at risk when living with the caregiver.
The early theories on the subject also sought to
associate dependency with increased risk of abuse.
An estimated 1.5 million deaths occur annually as a result of household air pollution from
SFU mainly for cooking as well as winter season heating. The total disease burden,
including morbidity, is estimated at 36 million DALYs (WHO 2007).
These deaths and
DALYs arise mainly from acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI) in young children
and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults, and to a lesser extent lung
cancer. There is also moderate evidence of increased risk of asthma, cataracts and
tuberculosis (Desai et al, 2004; Smith et al, 2004).
Mehta and Shahpar (2004) present a cost-effectiveness analysis of household air pollution
control interventions by WHO regions with significant SFU prevalence. Benefits are
healthy years gained from reduced risk of ALRI in children and COPD in adult females
and males based on regional data from WHO. An improved stove is assumed to reduce
SFU pollution exposure and health effects by 75 percent. Per household annualized cost
of cooking systems range across regions from $40-90 for LPG, $10-20 for kerosene, and
$3-24 for improved stove ($3-5 in Africa and Asia).
Table 118-5 Indications for Cardiac Surgical Intervention in Patients with Endocarditis
Surgery required for optimal outcome
Moderate to severe congestive heart failure due to valve dysfunction
Partially dehisced unstable prosthetic valve
Persistent bacteremia despite optimal antimicrobial therapy
Timing of Cardiac Surgery In general, when indications for surgical treatment of infective endocarditis are identified, surgery should not be delayed simply to permit additional antibiotic therapy, since this course of action increases the risk of death (Table 118-6). Delay is justified only when infection is controlled and congestive heart failure is fully compensated with medical therapy. After 14 days of recommended antibiotic therapy, excised valves are culture-negative in 99% and 50% of patients with streptococcal and S. aureus endocarditis, respectively.
This syndrome (formerly termed nonspecific vaginitis, Haemophilus vaginitis, anaerobic vaginitis, or Gardnerella-associated vaginal discharge) is characterized by symptoms of vaginal malodor and a slightly to moderately increased white discharge, which appears homogeneous, is low in viscosity, and evenly coats the vaginal mucosa. An interesting observation is that new genital HPV infection in young women is associated with increased subsequent risk of developing bacterial vaginosis.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: A new model for the characterization of infection risk in gunshot injuries:Technology, principal consideration and clinical implementation
Pharyngitis: Treatment Antibiotic treatment of pharyngitis due to S. pyogenes confers numerous benefits, including a decrease in the risk of rheumatic fever. The magnitude of this benefit is fairly small, however, since rheumatic fever is now a rare disease, even among untreated patients. When therapy is started within 48 h of illness onset, however, symptom duration is also decreased. An additional benefit of therapy is the potential to reduce the spread of streptococcal pharyngitis, particularly in areas of overcrowding or close contact.