Ritual

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  • 2500 years ago, democracy was born in classical Athens. This collection of essays by twenty-two leading scholars from the UK, Europe, and America, is a twin celebration--it marks this occasion and also the sixty-fifth birthday of David Lewis, Professor of Ancient History at the University of Oxford. The essays discuss the religious, financial, and political aspects of Athenian democracy, and all offer new interpretations of the subject, paying particular attention to epigraphy, Lewis's speciality....

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  • Tea has existed as a beverage since 2000 B.C. The brewing, serving, and drinking of tea are time-honored rituals throughout the world. While there is general agreement that the tea trade began in China, both China and India lay claim to discovering the dietary properties of tea leaves. The Chinese tell the story of a mythical emperor named Shen Nung who was so particular about his nutrition that he boiled his drinking water before he drank it. One day, the story goes, the wind caught some of the leaves on the tree branches that he had used to build a fire.

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  • Whether the phrase is used mechanically, as part of the daily ritual, whether it is used ironically, sadly or even cruelly is not specified. On a stage, the actor and director would come to a decision about how to interpret the phrase based on their concept of characterization and of the overall meaning and structure of the play.

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  • Litigation is not always the only or best way to resolve conflicts.Mediation offers an alternative approach and it is one that can be quite efficient and successful. Mediation can be faster, less expensive, and can lead to creative solutions not always possible in a court of law. Additionally, mediation focuses on mutually acceptable solutions, rather than on winning or losing.

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  • FINDING A PARTNER has always been a complicated process. It is a ritual which has evolved over the centuries; from a man taking food to a prospective partner in the Stone Age to young couples having tea together in Victorian times (under the watchful eye of an unmarried aunt) to dancing in a dub to deafening music in the twenty-first century.

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  • Fraught with arcane rituals, hidden traps and pitfalls, and confusing legal mumbo jumbo, the closing can be the most harrowing part of the home buying equation. Modeled after Robert Irwin's popular Home Buyer's Checklist, this book is packed with checklists, pointers, questions, and tactics that help a home buyer close the deal without losing his or her sense of humor, sanity, or shirt, including:

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  • Văn hóa tổ chức là gì? Là mẫu cơ bản về những giá trị và những giả định được chia sẻ trong một tổ chức, chi phối cách nhân viên trong tổ chức nghĩ và hành động đối với những vấn đề và những cơ hội. Những biểu trưng văn hóa tổ chức quan sát được Stories/legends (câu chuyện/giai thoại) Rituals/ceremonies (Nghi lễ).

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  • SHAKING HANDS Shaking hands is a relic of the caveman era. Whenever cavemen met, they would hold their arms in the air with their palms exposed to show that no weapons were being held or concealed. This palms-in-air gesture became modified over the centuries and such gestures as the palm raised in the air, the palm over the heart and numerous other variations developed. The modern form of this ancient greeting ritual is the interlocking and shaking of the palms which, in most English-speaking countries, is performed both on initial greeting and on departure.

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  • This book contains a wealth of practical information for any person  who aims to produce short effective documents within the work envi-ronment of the early 21st century. It is not simply a guide to business writing. It does not focus on writing  rituals, nor does it compare different uses of the English language for  writing purposes. There is no in-depth attention to why our writing  should have a certain tone, tendency or technique.

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  • Fairs, festivals and competitive events play a crucial role in the creative industries; yet their significance has been largely overlooked. This book explores the role of such events through a series of studies that include some of the most iconic fairs and festivals in the world. It brings together a team of distinguished scholars to examine art fairs, biennales, auctions, book fairs, television programming markets, film festivals, animation film festivals, country music festivals, fashion weeks, wine classifications and wine-tasting events.

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  • "It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife." Next to the exhortation at the beginning of Moby-Dick, "Call me Ishmael," the first sentence of Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice must be among the most quoted in literature. And certainly what Melville did for whaling Austen does for marriage--tracing the intricacies (not to mention the economics) of 19th-century British mating rituals with a sure hand and an unblinking eye. As usual, Austen trains her sights on a country village and a few families--in this case, the...

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  • Dancing is one of the ancient means of communication. People of every country have their own national music and dances. In old times people perform special rituals to make bad spirits go away and ask gods for fertile soil, good harvest, health and good weather. So, dancing plays an important role in a culture. Moreover, dancing of a particular country reflects its traditions, customs and history. In the following paragraphs I will give my reasons to support my answer.

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  • In this book, Alexander Parmington combines an examination of space, access control, and sculptural themes and placement to propose how images and texts controlled movement in ClassicMaya cities. Using Palenque as a case study, this book analyzes specific building groups and corresponding sculptures to provide insight into the hierarchical distribution and use of ritual and administrative space in temple and palace architecture. Identifying which spaces were the most accessible and thereforemore public and which spaces weremore segregated and consequently more private, Dr.

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  • For more than 100 years, Writers’ Workshops have offered writers deep and generous insights into their own work: insights that have helped them improve, and often inspired them to take their work in exciting new directions. Recently, technical, scientific, and business professionals have also discovered the immense value of the Writers’ Workshop format in solving their creative problems. Now, an experienced leader and participant shows how Writers’ Workshops work -- and how they can help everyone from poets to software architects. Richard P.

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  • Cross promotions among media companies, food sellers, and toy companies advance the corporate goal, as one marketing expert put it, “to establish a situation where kids are exposed to their brand in as many different places as possible throughout the course of the day or the week, or almost anywhere they turn in the course of their daily rituals” (Kjos, 2002). Supermarket shelves are filled with such links, such as Rugrats characters on packages of Kraft Macaroni & Cheese. Tie-ins like these are designed to lure children into...

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  • This book began as a study of Japanese public policy, more specifically the legal, ethical, and political dimensions of health policy debates in Japan. Having studied medico-legal conflicts in the United States, and the tensions they generated between public health and individual rights, state power and personal privacy, medical paternalism and patients’ rights, I decided to examine how such concerns were addressed in Japan with regard to AIDS policy and the definition of death.

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  • Where the two terms differ is in the imposition by organisations of courteous or forced ritual behaviour on employees – a modern phenomenon. Insincerity is concealed, leading to the whimsical even offensive notion that we are all air hostesses now. There are moral implications here too. Sprezzatura could be aligned to the moral theories of hedonism and egoism – where the focus is on the individual who decides to pursue a working life of fulfilment based on self interest, by the appearance of relaxed competence that may or may not be borne out by actual effectiveness at work....

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  • The aim of the descriptive approach is to place a large number of films into a small set of groups based on common characteristics such as theme or visual style. This means concentrating on the formal and stylistic qualities of films. Try the following introductory exercise to familiarise yourself with this approach: The functional approach to genre, focuses instead on the role genre plays in society itself. The Functional approach examines film and the viewing of films as a shared, social ritual, with different audiences sharing common expectations and experiences.

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  • Changing time, timely change, change creating time, time measuring changeÐthe themes of this book are change and time in various per- mutations and combinations. The book also deals with nonlinearity, chaos, randomness, and stochastic models, the use of computers to study complicated systems of di¨erential equations, systems theory, complemen- tarity, the importance of formal models, methods from physics and mathe- matics for the analysis of cognitive systems, and interdisciplinarity, among other topics.

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  • My primary purpose in writing and revising this book has been to provide an updated introduction to the history of medicine. Although the text began as a ‘‘teaching assistant’’ for my own one-semester survey course, I hope that this new edition will also be of interest to a general audience, and to teachers who are trying to add historical materials to their science courses or science to their history courses.

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