When they hear the word ‘robot’, many people immediately think of the R2-D2 or the
robots of the film I, Robot. These are robots similar to humans in some ways, but not in
all. There are many kinds of robot, one major group being the mobile robots, sometimes
called mobile platforms. Examples of mobile robots include the human-like robots
mentioned above and a wide range that mimic animals. Some walk about on six legs, like
insects, and others jump around like frogs.
The Illustrated Dictionary of Electronics—8th Edition has been revised, clarified, and updated, reflecting technological advances of recent years. New definitions have been added in the fields of wireless technology, robotics, and artificial intelligence. Every effort has been made to be concise and accurate, without “talking down” to the reader.
This is a project book on building small robots. Each robot utilizes the PICmicro
series of microcontrollers from Microchip Technologies Inc. for intelligence, navigation,
motor control, and sensory readings. By changing the microcontroller
programming and sensory electronics we can create a zoo of robots that includes
(neural) robots, hexapod and bipedal walkers, and
artificial vision systems that can track and follow objects.
Each robot project has something to teach....
This book is for people who want to learn basic electricity, electronics, and communications
concepts without taking a formal course. It can also serve as a classroom
text. This third edition contains new material covering acoustics, audio,
high-fidelity, robotics, and artificial intelligence.
The field of industrial electronics covers a plethora of problems that must be solved in industrial practice.
Electronic systems control many processes that begin with the control of relatively simple devices like
electric motors, through more complicated devices such as robots, to the control of entire fabrication
processes. An industrial electronics engineer deals with many physical phenomena as well as the sensors
that are used to measure them.
The boundless energy of youth often must give way to the laws of physics. All too
often I’ve seen bright ideas flounder for a lack of fundamental knowledge. If this book
can foster the development of the art, if it can encourage and educate the robotic community,
if it can provide the missing ingredients—the secret sauce—then I did my job
right. If you have a sense that a robot is more than wires and wheels, then this book is
Robotics has achieved its greatest success to date in the world of industrial manufacturing.
Robot arms, or manipulators, comprise a 2 billion dollar industry. Bolted at its shoulder to
a specific position in the assembly line, the robot arm can move with great speed and accuracy
to perform repetitive tasks such as spot welding and painting (figure 1.1). In the electronics
industry, manipulators place surface-mounted components with superhuman
precision, making the portable telephone and laptop computer possible....
The word robot is commonly defined as a mechanical device capable of performing
human tasks, or behaving in a human-like manner. No argument here.
The description certainly fits.
But to the robotics experimenter, “robot” has a completely different meaning.
A robot is a special brew of motors, solenoids, wires, and assorted electronic odds
and ends, a marriage of mechanical and electronic gizmos.
Robotics is the applied science of motion control for multi-axis manipulators and is a large
subset of the field of "mechatronics" (Mechanical, Electronic and Software engineering for
product or systems development, particularly for motion control applications). Mechatronics
is a more general term that includes robotic arms, positioning systems, sensors and machines
that are controlled by electronics and/or software, such as automated machinery, mobile robots
and even your computer controlled washing machine and DVD movie player....
Over the course of roughly a year, after completing my first book, I resurrected an old
pet project of building an autonomous submarine (referred to as the E-2 project) with
certain fairly challenging functionality requirements. In the course of developing this
idea, I spent many hours on the Internet and elsewhere, researching techniques for
rapid development of various electromechanical control systems and platforms to run
fairly complex signal-processing algorithms.
The purpose of "Evil Genius" is to create an entertaining book made up of a series of projects that will explain electronics from static electricity (rubbing a balloon) to developing robots. The book will include the tools necessary for the reader to create the projects in the book at very little cost or inconvenience. The book will be divided into 19 sections, each one with two or more projects.
Industrial robots are currently employed in a large number of applications and are available
with a wide range of configurations, drive systems, physical sizes and payloads. However,
the numbers in service throughout the world are much less than predicted over twenty
years ago (Engelberger 1980). This is despite major technological advances in related areas
of computing and electronics, and the availability of fast, reliable and low-cost
microprocessors and memory. This situation is mainly a result of historical and economic
circumstances, rather than technical considerations.
The advancements of the research on Mobile Robots with high degree of autonomy is
possible, on one hand, due to its broad perspective of applications and, on other hand, due
to the development and reduction of costs on computer, electronic and mechanic systems.
Together with the research in Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science, this scenario
currently enables the proposition of ambitious and complex robotic projects.
Telerobotics is the area of robotics concerned with the control of robots from a distance,
mainly using wireless connections or the Internet. It is a combination of two major subfields,
teleoperation and telepresence. The work presented in this chapter belongs to the field of
teleoperated robots, where a remote centre sets commands to the robot and supervises the
performed motion by receiving feedback from its sensors.