The advancements of the research on Mobile Robots with high degree of autonomy is
possible, on one hand, due to its broad perspective of applications and, on other hand, due
to the development and reduction of costs on computer, electronic and mechanic systems.
Together with the research in Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science, this scenario
currently enables the proposition of ambitious and complex robotic projects.
Mobile robots navigation includes different interrelated activities: (i) perception, as obtaining and interpreting sensory information; (ii) exploration, as the strategy that guides the robot to select the next direction to go; (iii) mapping, involving the construction of a spatial representation by using the sensory information perceived; (iv) localization, as the strategy to estimate the robot position within the spatial map; (v) path planning, as the strategy to find a path towards a goal location being optimal or not; and (vi) path execution, where motor actions are determined and adapt...
As the development of smart biped robots has been thriving, research and development of
personal robots with unique personalities will become an important issue in the next
decade. For instance, we might want to have robots capable of affording us pleasure by
chatting, singing or joking with us in our homes. Most of these functions are realized by
verbal communications. However, motion of a whole body, namely non-verbal
communication, also plays an important role.
We can get information concerning the personality of a subject when we observe his or her
Today robots navigate autonomously in office environments as well as outdoors. They show their ability to beside mechanical and electronic barriers in building mobile platforms, perceiving the environment and deciding on how to act in a given situation are crucial problems. In this book we focused on these two areas of mobile robotics, Perception and Navigation.