Rodent animal models

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  • This major drawback led to the development of a more consistent approach that modelled inefficiency effects as an explicit function of certain factors specific to the firm, and all the parameters are estimated in one step using maximum likelihood procedure. Authors in this category include Kumbhakar, Ghosh and McGuckin (1991), Reifschneider and Stevenson (1999), Huang and Liu (1994), and Battese and Coelli (1995), who proposed a stochastic frontier production fuction for panel data.

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  • These passings of Great Economics happen in the northern autumn. The South Sea bubble popped in October 1720; the Great Crash occurred in October 1929; the Thousand- Year Boom collapsed in October 2008. With each crash, the existing economics is shattered too. The ruling economics is the economics of the rulers. Economics justifies the current class’s rule, tolerating no heretics. Economics props up Prince Rupert.

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  • NESTA (2005) indicates that the UK creative industries contribute 8.9% to GDP, compared with circa 3% from manufacturing. During 2002, total creative industries exports contributed £11.5 billion to the balance of trade (Department For Culture, Media And Sports, 2004), and £11.6 billion in 2003 (Department for Culture, Media and Sports, 2005). The top destination of export of UK design services is the US, although fee income generated from Europe has seen an increase of 2%. By comparison, in France design, though not comparable with creative industries contributes less than 0.

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  • Statistical models were used to control for—i.e., remove—the impact of socioeconomic factors that might account for the correlation between race/ethnicity and credit scores. The inclusion of such controls slightly weakened, but by no means eliminated (or accounted for) the association between minority status and credit scores. Among all such control variables, race/ethnicity proved to be the most robust single predictor of credit scores; in most instances it had a significantly greater impact than education, marital status, income and housing values.

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  • Use of ABHPs is surging but must be part of a broader strategy to be effective Account-based health plans can be an important element in an organization’s health benei t management if the right incentives and employee education are attached. Today, 59% of companies have an ABHP in place, with another 11% expectin to add one by 2013. But ABHPs will not necessaril result in lower costs without signii cant enrollment Our results show that employers that take a comprehensive approach to ABHPs (e.g.

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  • We now turn to presenting results. After examining the demographic characteristics of Cambodian elders, we explore a number of social, economic and health issues in that order. When presenting the results in tabular form, we limit examination of differentials to gender, location (Phnom Penh versus the remainder of the provinces) and age (60-69 versus 70+). Each of these dimensions are typically of interest for both academics and policy-makers.

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  • The pioneering cardiac surgeon Alain Carpentier, MD, PhD, developed a functional classification to reflect the underlying pathological changes that contributed to MR (Carpentier A. 1983) (Figure 4). As described in this classification, type I MR is characterized as normal leaflet motion but with annular dilatation or leaflet perforation; type II lesions are related to leaflet prolapse and may be caused by myxomatous disease, such as chord rupture or elongation, or by papillary muscle rupture or elongation; and type III lesions are caused by restricted leaflet motion.

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  • Members of the Association of Private Client Investment Managers and Stockbrokers (APCIMS), who include wealth management and broking firms, provide a key role in facilitating investment in and providing liquidity for quoted companies, including Small and Mid-Caps, on behalf of private investors. According to the compeer 2009 uK Wealth Management industry report, at the end of 2008 the private client wealth management industry had £335 billion of investment assets under management.

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  • On June 5–7, 2005, sixty leaders from around the world gathered at Wye River, Maryland for a path breaking meeting entitled “Innovations in Supporting Local Health Systems for Global Women’s Health: A Leader’s Symposium.” This diverse group of participants, ranging from cabinet ministers to advocates, academics to local practitioners, shared a common goal: to shine a bright spotlight on urgent challenges in global women’s health and the critical need to pioneer innovations in strengthening local health systems to address those challenges.

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  • Nevertheless, business tourism provide much higher revenue for enterprises as consumers are willing to pay more for their inflexible schedules and also destinations can increase their multiplier effects as some particular forms of business tourism use a much greater spectrum of local services than leisure tourism. Convenient transportation connections with major cities around the world, smooth arrangements at the destination and adequate provision of business related amenities are therefore very important.

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  • TI assumes no liability for applications assistance or customer product design. TI does not warrant or represent that any license, either express or implied, is granted under any patent right, copyright, mask work right, or other intellectual property right of TI covering or relating to any combination, machine, or process in which such products or services might be or are used. TI’s publication of information regarding any third party’s products or services does not constitute TI’s approval, license, warranty or endorsement thereof. ...

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  • BNDES has traditionally had an important role in the Brazilian financial system, but its size has doubled in the post-Lehman period. BNDES has typically been a major source of long- term financing for industry and infrastructure. During the crisis, it played an important counter-cyclical role as private bank credit fell off sharply in 2009 during the height of the Lehman related global tensions.

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  • Although advances have undoubtedly occurred, considered reflections about the seminal contributions of Bleuler - and indeed Kraepelin - in this centenary year, may make one wonder whether these treatment advances are a somewhat thin veneer, rather than the step change required. It could be argued that progress has been more due to changes in societal values and attitudes rather than the development of effective novel interventions – either pharmacological or psychological.

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  • Not surprisingly, perhaps, the trend toward a predominantly female profession is not restricted to the UK. According to statistics from the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), the number of female veterinarians in the US more than doubled between 1991 and 2002 (Zhao, 2002). Whereas only 5% of applications to US vet schools were from females in the late 1960s, by the end of the 1990s, over seventy percent of applications were from young women.

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  • This section closes with a review of the evidence for managed port- folio performance based on the traditional measures. This discussion touches on the issues of survivorship bias and persistence in perfor- mance, among other topics. Chapter 3 discusses Conditional Performance Evaluation. Here, the idea is to measure performance accounting for the fact that the expected returns and risks for investing may vary over time depend- ing on the state of the economy. An example motivates the approach.

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  • On 1 July 2007 a Polish-Macedonian agreement on social security entered into force. It replaced an agreement between the Government of the Polish People’s Republic and the Gove- rnment of the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia of 1958. The agreement between the Republic of Poland and the United States of America signed in Warsaw on 2 April 2008 and the administrative arrangement on its application, signed in Warsaw on 2 April 2008, entered into force on 1 March 2009.

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  • I consider a continuous-time "two-trees" pure-exchange economy with in…nite horizon. There is a single consumption good which serves as the numeraire. There are two types of investors who are heterogeneous in endowments, beliefs, and enforcement technology. Heterogeneity in endowments and beliefs provide incentives for trade in the …nancial markets, which is driven by risk sharing motives and sentiment, respectively.

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  • Overall Health: Early pregnancy and childbear- ing negatively affect the overall health of young women and their children. In poor countries, ado- lescent mothers are twice as likely to die from preg- nancy- or childbirth-related causes as older moth- ers. Data from 15 developing countries reveal that adolescents under the age of 17 are far less likely to receive skilled prenatal and delivery care than women between the ages of 19 and 23 (Reynolds et al., 2003).

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  • Ninety million people migrate for work globally every year and an increasing percentage of those workers are moving between emerging economies, rather than to industrialized nations. Otherwise known as South-South labor migrants, these workers are filling jobs in manufacturing, agriculture, construction and service industries in countries like Malaysia, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan and Egypt. Migrant workers provide a cost-effective and hardworking labor force in labor-intensive industries, but they are also vulnerable, isolated and often heavily indebted.

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  • SAIs of the “courts of audit” type have, as one of the results of their audit mission, juridical functions, primarily with respect to financial irregularities, as well as the audit responsibilities found in other SAIs. These are collegiate bodies, typically incorporating judges and at times following court procedures. They are headed by a “President” or “First president” and may have an independent Prosecutor General who can participate to the quality control process.

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