In both groups (patients with epilepsy and healthy controls) we used a questionnaire
Epworth Scale of Sleepiness (ESS) (Johns, 1991). By answering eight questions about
probability of falling asleep in standard situations we came to the result, i.e. score of
daytime sleepiness ranging from 0 to 24. Rate 0-9 is considered as normal value, above 9 as
elevated daytime sleepiness and value above 16 is considered as remarkably elevated
daytime sleepiness (Watanabe et al., 2003).
The issue of intervention of the internally displaced person should, as a
matter of importance, be reconsidered by the united Nation. This is in view
of the fact that the united Nation High commission for Refuges (UNHCR)
only extends protection or assistance to idps when the UN secretary general
or the UN general assembly has requested the agency to do so. The idps
indeed fall between the cracks of current humanitarian law and assistance,
unlike the refugees who are solely the burden of UNHCR. The role of the
national refuges commission of...
Arterial CO2 tension is a powerful modulator of cerebral vascular calibre, CBF and ICP (12-15.)
While the mechanisms are incompletely understood, CO2 relaxes pial arterioles by
interactions between the endothelium, vascular smooth muscle, pericytes, adjacent neurons
and glial cells. Studies supported that cerebral vessels are sensitive to changes in
extracellular pH, rather than a direct response to CO2 or bicarbonate. In the limits of
physiological PaCO2, 20-60 mmHg, the relationship between PaCO2 and CBF is linear.
Rogene Henderson reported having been employed by and having given consul-
tation to a commercial entity or other organization with an interest related to
the subject of air pollution. She also reported having provided expert opinion or
testimony related to the subject of air pollution for a commercial entity or other
organization, as well has having held an office or other position, paid or unpaid,
where she may have been expected to represent interests or defend a position
related to the subject of air pollution.
Joanna Didkowska PhD works in the Department of Epidemiology and
Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Registry at the Maria Sklodowska Curie
Memorial Cancer Center and Institute of Oncology in Warsaw, Poland.
Since 1999, she has been Chair of the Association of Cancer Registries in Poland.
She focuses on descriptive cancer epidemiology in Poland, especially prediction
models, and the determinants of the health status of Poles and inhabitants of
central and eastern Europe. She works on analyses of data from the National
Those Albanians with dependent family members in the home country tend to send small amounts on
a regular basis, usually via courier. Others who do not regularly remit tend to save larger amounts, which
they take with them upon returning to Albania. In addition, several Greek banks have begun operations in
Albania, facilitating the flow of remittances and opening opportunities for greater financial access for
remittance senders and their families.
Out-migration of people from Portugal paralleled the growth of remittances received.
CO measurement options include bag collection and lab
analysis, colour-change diffusion tubes and electro-chemical
monitors. PM measurement options include gravimetric
monitors (pump and filter method) and light-scattering
devices. The advantages and disadvantages of each of
these methods are discussed, including cost, ease-of-use,
accuracy, size detection and time-keeping. The choice of
method depends on the context, i.e. the purpose of the
project or programme, the capacity of staff and available
financial and human resources.
Governments also need to focus on medium to long-term actions to strengthen innovation. A
broad range of policy reforms will be needed in OECD countries and non-OECD economies to
respond to the changing nature of the innovation process and strengthen innovation performance to
foster sustainable growth and address key global challenges.
Thus was created a perfectly uniform currency for the transactions
of commerce, and bank money rose at once to an agio, or premium
above the current coin. This premium varied from time to time. It may
be looked upon as nearly equal to, and generally as representing the
average depreciation of the current coin below its nominal value.
The Bank of Amsterdam, after its first establishment, admitted no
new subscribers; but it sold bank money to all who wished to purchase,
at a premium varying with the market price.
It is important at this point to determine if assessments about organizational practices
will be made internally or by outside experts. The advantages to doing it internally are
that direct costs are likely to be lower and the process may become an engaging
organizational exercise that builds communications capacity in and of itself. The
advantages to using outside experts are their objectivity, time and availability, the
knowledge they bring from other organizations for comparison purposes, and the
credibility that may accompany their credentials and expertise....
Objective: Previous research suggests that engaging in mentally stimulating tasks may improve
brain health and cognitive abilities. Using computer search engines to find information
on the Internet has become a frequent daily activity of people at any age, including middleaged
and older adults.
There are several ways in which poultry manure can be collected and processed. Several
factor such as operation size, climate, animal type etc. will determine what type of system is
used in what kind of circumstances. It should be noted that in many instances, the strongest
influence on which system is used is the economics (costs) of the system. Each system has its
own merits and costs, but careful consideration must be used in order to select a system
which will make the most efficient use of the factors in which it will be operated. This review
will discuss several of these...
In spite of some early success with agile methodologies, a number of factors are preventing their widespread
adoption. Agile methodology advocates often find it difficult to obtain management support for implementing
what seem like dramatic changes in application development. These methodologies require developers,
managers and users alike to change the way they work and think. For example, the XP practices of pair
programming, test-first design, continuous integration, and an on-site customer can seem like daunting
changes to implement.
Clinical course of CLL is variable. Recently, progress has been made in the identification of
biological markers that could predict disease progression. Particularly, the expression of
unmutated Ig genes, some cytogenetic abnormalities like 17p and 11q deletions and the
expression of the zeta-associated protein 70 (ZAP-70) are associated to a poor prognosis.
The historic character of the landscape shouldtherefore be considered alongside other aspects ofcharacter and visual and aesthetic issues when framingplanning policies or determining individual applications,and landscape capacity and sensitivity analyses shouldalways include the historic dimension.Where localauthorities have completed an appraisal of this historic dimension of the landscape as part of theEnglish Heritage-sponsored Historic LandscapeCharacterisation programme,this appraisal should be incorporated in the overall assessment of landscape impact.
The dominant overall flora in human intestines in
bifidobacteria, B. longum. The information provided by the Authors are very useful in
understanding the process of probiotic adaptation with regards to the fermentation
conditions, in milk and other food substrates. Among the factors influencing the
viability of probiotic microorganisms in food products, the most important are: pH,
titrable acidity, molecular oxygen, redox potential, hydrogen peroxide, bacteriocins
and short chain fatty acids.
In 2014, annual premiums are projected to fall compared to what they would have been without
the Affordable Care Act. These savings could be as much as $2,300 for middle-income families
purchasing through Exchanges. A low-income family of four with an income of $33,525 could
save as much as $9,900 in premiums and $5,000 in cost sharing due to the extra help from new
tax credits and cost sharing assistance. Small businesses, on average, could save up to $350 per
family policy due to lower costs in the Exchanges and could get tax credits for up to 50 percent
Mini-grants of up to $5000 were awarded to Kentucky,
Michigan and Rhode Island, to meet the objectives
of the 2007-2008 mini-grant program, including 1 )
the formation of a state team comprised of state MCH,
Planned Parenthood and ACOG representatives who
would lead an effort to increase the use of the state
Quitline, and 2) the development of an action plan
to accomplish the goal of increasing use of the state
The workplace has been recognized internationally as an appropriate
setting for health promotion. The importance of workplace health
promotion was addressed in 1950 and later updated in 1995 in a joint
International Labour Organization/World Health Organization session on
occupational health (5).