Antiballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty and announced its intention to deploy a National Missile Defense (NMD) system to protect the United States from attacks by rogue states. This report does not consider any of these specific events, although it does cover all the relevant general topics. Updating the report would amount to doing a whole new study, so we chose to release the report in its original form. The
This report is a product of the Committee on USGS Water Resources
Research, which provides consensus advice to the Water Resources Division
(WRD) of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) on scientific, research, and
programmatic issues. The committee is one of the groups that works under the
auspices of the Water Science and Technology Board (WSTB) of the National
Research Council. The committee considers a variety of topics that are
important scientifically and programmatically to the USGS and the nation and
issues reports when appropriate....
The poverty rate is the percentage of a population living in poverty and is a useful measure of
economic deprivation in a neighborhood or community. Census tract poverty rates from the
2000 U.S. Census were linked to New Jersey State Cancer Registry incidence data. New Jersey
census tracts were grouped by the poverty rate into three poverty area groups. The three poverty
area groups were defined as follows: areas with low poverty (less than 10% of the population
below the poverty level); areas with medium poverty (10 to 19.99% of the population below the
A vast literature focuses on the predictability of U.S. and international stock returns using macroe-
conomic variables, such as the short government interest rate or the yield spread between defaultable
and government bonds. For instance, Ferson and Harvey (1993) nd that returns on international
stock indexes are predictable using macroeconomic indicators as conditioning variables. More
strikingly, Ferson and Harvey (1999) nd that broad economic variables explain the cross-sectional
variation in U.S. individual stock returns better than the Fama and French (1993) empirical factors.
The Federal Reserve plays an important role in the U.S.
payments system. The twelve Federal Reserve Banks provide
banking services to depository institutions and to the federal
government. For depository institutions, they maintain accounts
and provide various payment services, including collecting
checks, electronically transferring funds, and distributing and
receiving currency and coin. For the federal government, the
Reserve Banks act as fiscal agents, paying Treasury checks;
processing electronic payments; and issuing, transferring, and
The enactment of the Weapon Systems Acquisition Reform Act of 2009 (Public
Law 111-23) and the recent revision of Department of Defense Instruction 5000.02
have served to highlight the complexity of the Department of Defense acquisition
process.1 This report serves as a follow-on study to the 2008 National Research
Council (NRC) report Pre-Milestone A and Early-Phase Systems Engineering: A
Retrospective Review and Benefits for Future Air Force Systems Acquisition, which
emphasized the role of systems engineering in the acquisition life cycle.
In October 2003 the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and
the National Research Council (NRC) entered into a cooperative agreement that
called for the NRC to examine selected aspects of U.S. foreign assistance activities—
primarily the programs of USAID—that have benefited or could benefit from
access to strong science, technology, and medical capabilities in the United States
This monograph examines prewar planning efforts for the reconstruction of postwar Iraq. It then examines the role of U.S. military forces after major combat officially ended on May 1, 2003, through June 2004. Finally, it examines civilian efforts at reconstruction, focusing on the activities of the Coalition Provisional Authority and its
Finally, for themost part, the agenda setters—
that is, the politicians — found that child health is a
readily accepted cause that meets with little opposi-
tion when proposed as a subject for social investment
Oates (62) investigated causes of death in women up to one year after giving birth in the UK and
came to the conclusion that during the period, 1997-1999, suicide was the leading cause of death
- responsible for 10% of all deaths. In 86% of the cases it was possible to make a psychiatric
diagnosis, indicating that 68% of women who committed suicide were suffering from a serious
illness (psychosis or severe depressive illness). Drife (63) observed similar results for the
period, 2000-2002. Austin et al.
he republics of Central Asia, which received comparatively little attention from the United States in their first ten years of independence, suddenly increased in value when the United States deployed forces and set up bases of operation in the region in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. In that context, the U.S. government
The relative roles of U.S. ground and air power have shifted since the end of the Cold War. At the level of major operations and campaigns, the Air Force has proved capable of and committed to performing deep strike operations, which the Army long had believed the Air Force could not reliably accomplish. If air power can large
Computational neurolinguistics (CN) is an approach to computational l i n g u i s t i c s which includes neurally-motivated constraints in the design of models of natural language processing. Furthermore, the knowledge representations included in such models must be supported with documented behaviorial e v ~ c e , normal and pathological. This paper w i l l discuss the contribution of CN models to ~the understanding of l i n g u i s t i c "competence" within recent research efforts to adapt HOPE (Gigley 1981; 1982a; 1982b; 1982c; 1983a), an implemented CN...
In this chapter we discuss the distribution of income. As we shall see, this topic raises some fundamental questions about the role of economic policy. One of the Ten Principles of Economics in Chapter 1 is that governments can sometimes improve market outcomes. This possibility is particularly important when considering the distribution of income.
Chapter 4 - The U.S. economy: Private and public sectors. The chapter answers some very important questions: What types of income do households receive and how do they dispose of it? What are the types of business enterprises and why has the corporate form of business dominated? What is government’s economic role in the economy and how does it fit into the circular flow diagram? What are the sources of government revenues and how does it allocate its expenditures?
This Institute of Medicine/National Research Council report was
in response to a congressional request that the U.S. Food and
Drug Administration (FDA) contract with the National Academies
for a comprehensive study of gaps in public health protection provided by
the food safety system in the United States. In particular, the study was to
review the role of the FDA in ensuring the safety of the nation’s food supply.
Chemistry plays a key role in conquering diseases, solving energy problems, addressing environmental problems, providing the discoveries that lead to new industries, and developing new materials and technologies for national defense and homeland security. However, the field is currently facing a crucial time of change and is struggling to position itself to meet the needs of the future as it expands beyond its traditional core toward areas related to biology, materials science, and nanotechnology....
Starting from the in situ quality of waterbodies themselves and working backwards to address
threats to quality sounds like simple common sense. It is, but it is not how one would describe
the current regulatory system. The focus of the current system is on specific numeric discharge
limits applied to a precisely defined universe of pollution sources. The quality of surface waters
themselves is a binding regulatory issue only if quality is adequately monitored and if point
sources are found to be the source of the problem.
Effluent taxes could play an important role in...