Xem 1-20 trên 183 kết quả Rule of law
  • International law is the term commonly used for referring to laws that govern the conduct of independent nations in their relationships with one another. It differs from other legal systems in that it primarily concerns provinces rather than private citizens.

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  • Khái niệm Rule of Law có dòng lịch sử khá sâu và nó được nhìn một cách học thuật là có liên quan đến khái niệm công lý và công bằng được thảo luận bởi Aristote. Trong khi nền văn minh Hy Lạp phát sinh ra khái niệm phương Tây về dân chủ nhưng về thực tiễn là nền dân chủ thực sự bị hạn chế ở thành bang Athens, và chính đế chế Roma vô dân chủ đã sản sinh ra một truyền thống phương Tây về sự lập pháp rõ ràng cũng như ứng dụng rộng khắp...

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  • Is the rule of law optional for liberal democratic societies? In the wake of the attacks on the United States on 11 September 2001, the Bush administration seemed to say that it is. And in the wake of the attacks on London in July of 2005, Tony Blair has indicated that the rule of law is a luxury, dispensable when the going gets rough.

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  • Measuring the institutional foundations of financial markets is essential for understanding its determinants, and help design better policies • Indices of the rule of law, creditor rights and information, business transparency, and the quality of infrastructure are associated with deeper and more efficient financial markets • In banking and securities markets, characteristics related to private monitoring and enforcement drive development more than public enforcement measures

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  • The President of the German Republic, the President of the Argentine Republic, His Majesty the King of the Belgians, the President of the Republic of Chile, the President of the Republic of Cuba, His Majesty the King of Denmark and Iceland, His Majesty the King of Spain, the Head of the Estonian State, the President of the United States of America, the President of the Republic of Finland, the President of the French Republic, His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India, His Most Supreme Highness the ...

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  • In late 2002 an increasingly heated debate arose within the United Nations Security Council about the merits of using force to disarm and depose Saddam Hussein’s regime in Iraq. The Bush Administration gave the Council an ultimatum: uphold the rule of international law, expressed in numerous Council resolutions calling on the regime to disarm, or follow the League of Nations into the dustbin of history. If the Council would not license the use of force, the United States would lead a ‘Coalition of the Willing’ to defend the rule of law and protect international security....

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  • One of the most prominent and urgent problems in international governance is how the different branches and norms of international law interact, and what to do in the event of conflict. With no single ‘international legislator’and a multitude of states, international organisations and tribunals making and enforcing the law, the international legal system is decentralised.

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  • The use of the Internet for terrorist purposes is a rapidly growing phenomenon, requiring a proactive and coordinated response from Member States. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) plays a key role in providing assistance to Member States, in furtherance of its mandate to strengthen the capacity of national criminal justice systems to implement the provisions of the international legal instruments against terrorism, and does so in compliance with the principles of rule of law and international human rights standards.

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  • Sport plays an important role in many people’s lives. Satellite television beams pictures of sporting events around the world, pictures which enables us to see world class performance in action. These performers had to start somewhere. 1.2 The Influence Of Social Institutions On The Development Of Sport There are four social institutions identified that has an influence on sports development.

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  • This book contains an overview of legal defenses in international criminal law that may be sustained before international criminal tribunals against war crimes charges. With the advent of the International Criminal Court, the subject matter of this book seems to be a topical one. My interest, especially in the role of the Rule of Law with regard to these defenses, derives from my 1998 Ph.D. thesis on the subject of “duress and law-finding,” in which, inter alia, the Rule of Law was propounded....

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  • In this volume the Study Group on a European Civil Code (the ‘Study Group’) and the Research Group on Existing EC Private Law (the ‘Acquis Group’) present the revised and final academic Draft of a Common Frame of Reference (DCFR). It contains Principles, Definitions and Model Rules of European General Intr. 1 3 Private Law in an outline edition. Among other goals, its completion fulfils an obligation to the European Commission undertaken in 2005. The Commission’s Research Directorate-General funded part of the work.

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  • The first great apostle and martyr of the Cuban War of Independence, José Martí, was born in Havana on January 28, 1853, and fell in battle at Dos Rios on May 19, 1895. He was a Professor of Literature, Doctor of Laws, economist, philosopher, essayist, journalist, poet, historian, statesman, tribune of the people, organizer of the final and triumphant cause of Cuban freedom. He suffered imprisonment in Spain and exile in Mexico, Guatemala, and the United States, doing his crowning work in the last-named country as the vitalizing and energizing head of the Cuban Junta in New York.

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  • My initial inspiration for writing this book came at a meeting of the John and Jean De€Nault Task Force on Property Rights, Freedom, and Prosperity at the Hoover Institution. On multiple occasions thereafter, I€ presented portions of this book to my Task Force colleagues, from whom I always received intense but constructive criticism. The book’s intellectual mission precisely maps the concerns that have animated my work for most of the forty-Â�three years that I have spent in academic work....

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  • In Book Twelve of The Odyssey, Lady Kirke draws Odysseus aside from the celebration of his success at the houses of death to warn of the trials that still await him on his long journey home.1 The loveliest and most perilous of these are the Seirenes, whose soulful melodies bewitch and entrance mere men. Anxious to hear their serenade and yet keep his mind, Odysseus, with Kirke's assistance, devises a plan: His crew must lash him to the mast of his ship and plug up their ears with beeswax so as to hear neither the Seirenes nor his cries to release him. Odysseus must then remain there,...

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  • Most people consider life a battle, but it is not a battle, it is a game. It is a game, however, which cannot be played successfully without the knowledge of spiritual law, and the Old and the New Testaments give the rules of the game with wonderful clearness. Jesus-Christ taught that it was a great game of Giving and Receiving. “Whatsoever a man soweth that shall he also reap.” This means that whatever man sends out in word or deed, will return to him; what he gives, he will receive.

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  • Business and commercial enterprise takes place within a legal context and, in the final analysis, is governed and regulated by law. One of the problems facing the person studying business activity, and the one that is specifically addressed in this book, is the fact that business enterprise takes place within a general and wide-ranging legal environment, but the student is required to have more than a passing knowledge of the legal rules and procedures which impact on business activity.

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  • As citizens, Afghan women face constitutional equality but legal inequality. Furthermore, there are great discrepancies between customary law, civil law and Islamic Law - as well as the informal justice system, which tends to grant women even less rights. Years of conflict and violence have further eroded the protection of women's (limited) rights, and a culture of impunity reigns as far as violence is concerned, including violence against women inside and outside the household.

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  • This book brings together two of the important intellectual or theoretical issues of concern to students of comparative constitutional law as it has developed in the United States over the past decade.

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  • The 2005 Declaration discussed above and the Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights, 1997 are both resolutions passed in the General Assembly. They have no immediate binding effect. They play a signifi cant role in the formation of customary international law. There are many different forms of law making in international law and although an international convention or a treaty is a source of binding rules, the importance of other methods of formation of international law cannot be underestimated.

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  • This book examines recent developments in sources of public international law, such as treaties and custom operating among nations in their mutual relations, as well as developments in some of the primary rule of law international institutions created by these processes.

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