Rural livelihoods

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  • It has become a habit that following completion of a research programme, a review or assessment is performed. Partly to justify the money and efforts that went into the programme and partly to identify novel directions for new programmes. Following this tradition, the sponsor of the International Cooperation research programme (DLO-IC), the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality (LNV), asked a small group of scientists to draw lessons from its recently completed North- South programme.

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  • Seventy-five percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas and most are involved in farming. In the 21st century, agriculture remains fundamental to economic growth, poverty alleviation, and environmental sustainability. The World Bank’s Agriculture and Rural Development publication series presents recent analyses of issues that affect agriculture’s role as a source of economic development, rural livelihoods, and environmental services.

    pdf196p nguyenngocsonctu 02-12-2010 88 35   Download

  • Seventy-five percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas and most are involved in agriculture. In the 21st century, agriculture remains fundamental to economic growth, poverty alleviation, and environmental sustainability. The World Bank’s Agriculture and Rural Development publication series presents recent analyses of issues that affect the role of agriculture, including livestock, fisheries, and forestry, as a source of economic development, rural livelihoods, and environmental services.

    pdf130p lulanphuong 19-03-2012 69 15   Download

  • Today, in a world that is capable of producing enough food to supply an adequate diet for all, hundreds of millions of people go hungry. Chronic undernutrition persists, mainly among rural people in poor developing countries, most of which depend heavily on agriculture for their livelihood. So long as that is the case, eliminating hunger will require concerted efforts to speed up agricultural and rural development, including agro-industry for value addition.

    pdf19p nguyenngocsonctu 01-12-2010 205 11   Download

  • As rates of deforestation and land degradation, and losses of biodiversity and ecosystem services, continue to rise globally, the international community is faced with the challenge of finding land use interventions that can mitigate or reduce the impact of these environmental issues. Agroforestry, the integration of trees in farming systems, has the potential for providing rural livelihoods and habitats for species outside formally protected lands, connecting nature reserves, and alleviating resourceuse pressure on conservation areas.

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  • The main objective of the project is to develop and expand clam technology (production of seeds and livestock) to sustain the livelihoods of poor farmers in coastal North Central Province and develop a management strategy contributes sustainable water use clam aquaculture to improve the use of wastewater tomtrang camp. Significant progress has been made in this section. Key findings are listed below.

    pdf33p xau_la 10-02-2012 29 6   Download

  • The PLEC group in Ghana was not only one of the project’s first clusters to be formed; it was beyond dispute the first to produce substantial outputs. By the end of 1994, the pioneer group in Legon had completed an important pilot study in south-eastern Ghana and held an international workshop to which they brought some of those who became the project’s first expert farmers. The product was brought together in the first book published from any part of PLEC (Gyasi and Uitto, 1997).

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  • Tham khảo luận văn - đề án 'cooperation programs and agricultural rural developmen:development of clam culture for improvement and diversification of livelihoods of the poor coastal communities in central vietnam - ms10 "', luận văn - báo cáo phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • The nutritional knowledge and practical skills of small scale farm holders must be improved in order to ensure that PNG can take advantage of the benefits of aquaculture. An increase in this knowledge base will also directly benefit other agricultural industries reliant on the feeding of stock such as the rapidly expanding poultry industry. These needs have been addressed in a three day Feed Manufacturing Workshop funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR).

    pdf62p loginnhanh 22-04-2013 20 3   Download

  • Tuyển tập báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học của trường đại học nông nghiệp 1 đề tài: Livelihood Strtategies of Peri-Urban Households in Response to Rural Urban Linkages: A Case Study in a Peri-Urban Area of Hanoi, Vietnam.

    pdf14p thulanh2 07-09-2011 14 2   Download

  • The idea of the role of various ICTs to communicate information was further developed in the follow-up research (R8347), in which respondents were asked to rank the importance of types of information pertinent to rural livelihoods. It can be seen from Table 7 and Table 8 that there is a great deal of similarity in the types of information regarded as most important in both countries. Note that priority information needs tend to relate to social matters.

    pdf0p dambaotaikhoan 06-05-2013 11 2   Download

  • A detailed situational analysis of the nutrition situation in country, determinants of malnutrition and current nutrition interventions, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats can be found in annex 2. In brief, eighteen years of war and insecurity have had devastating effects on the nutrition and health status of the people of Somalia, which was already precarious even before.

    pdf51p nhamnhiqa 01-03-2013 20 1   Download

  • At present, there seems to be a global consensus on the importance and inevitable roles of NTPFs. Despite this fact, there are also numerous problems that need to be considered in order to enhance the many positive roles of NTFPs. Among the problems are declining natural stocks, policies unconducive to environment al protection and poor access to "fair" market.

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  • Purpose of the project án be cung cấp Income change thế và 1 ninh lương authorized by way development and expand public Nghệ nuoi ngao (Serial like and chan nuoi) to duy trị sinh kế nông of the Subject ngheo ven bien in the provincesBắc Trung Bộ. Project this close of a vai games important in job settings a ngành Công Nghiệp nghêu ben Firmware ở field ven bien Bắc domain Trung Việt Nam. Extension of the toán nuoi nghêu already have the tác peer kế cho cộng đồng ngheo ven bien, cung cấp sinh kế change thế via Văn...

    pdf51p xinh_la 10-02-2012 41 8   Download

  • Special recognition goes to Conor Foley who provided valuable inputs at an early stage and Rhodri Williams who contributed to the September 2009 draft.

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  • Kenyan’s livelihoods are closely linked to their access to natural resources. As our population increases and environmental quality continues to decline, there is an increased risk of social and economic destabilization, which will have signifi cant impacts on overall national security. Rural people are among the most vulnerable and insecure in terms of poverty, health, food security, economic losses, and confl icts resulting from competitive access to natural resources, among other factors....

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  • In its 2008 World development report on agriculture and development, the World Bank noted that three out of four people in developing countries are living in rural areas, accounting for nearly half of the world’s population. An estimated 86 percent of people living in rural areas consider agriculture their main source of livelihood since they depend on it to provide for their daily needs. The agricultural sector is therefore a driving force for income generation and job creation, and continues to play a vital role for economic growth and sustainable development. ...

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  • Technology and socio-economic assessment completed. The report provides. Report reviewed and accepted by the authorities CARD. . • clams in the pond (production) related to experimental shrimp farm effluent and influent is progressing well. . • Clam and shrimp polyculture experiment is progressing well . • The preliminary experiments on oyster spat production produced encouraging results . • Hatchery infrastructure set up to spit production test.

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  • This paper analyses the root causes of rural outmigration, focusing on its economic and social implications. It takes as its starting point the fact that mobility is inherent in human existence. Livelihoods and sociocultural changes are intimately connected with population movements. To understand present and fast-developing trends in human mobility, we examine the origins of migratory movements and discern how such transformations actually affect the natural resource base, as well as how they shape livelihoods and socio-economic/cultural coexistence.

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  • The biggest losers have been the most vulnerable and disadvantaged groups in society, especially rural women and men in developing countries. Three out of four poor people in developing countries live in rural areas, and most depend on agriculture or related activities for their livelihoods. According to a World Bank country rating study, in agriculture-based countries – those where agriculture contributes an average of 32 per cent of GDP growth – 70 per cent of poor people live in rural areas.

    pdf0p enterroi 02-02-2013 14 3   Download

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