It has become a habit that following completion of a research programme, a review
or assessment is performed. Partly to justify the money and efforts that went into the
programme and partly to identify novel directions for new programmes. Following
this tradition, the sponsor of the International Cooperation research programme
(DLO-IC), the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality (LNV),
asked a small group of scientists to draw lessons from its recently completed North-
Seventy-five percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas and most are involved in farming. In the 21st century, agriculture remains fundamental to economic growth, poverty alleviation, and environmental sustainability. The World Bank’s Agriculture and Rural Development publication series presents recent analyses of issues that affect agriculture’s role as a source of economic development, rural livelihoods, and environmental services.
Seventy-five percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas and most are involved
in agriculture. In the 21st century, agriculture remains fundamental to economic
growth, poverty alleviation, and environmental sustainability. The World Bank’s
Agriculture and Rural Development publication series presents recent analyses of
issues that affect the role of agriculture, including livestock, fisheries, and forestry,
as a source of economic development, rural livelihoods, and environmental services.
Today, in a world that is capable of producing enough food to supply an
adequate diet for all, hundreds of millions of people go hungry. Chronic
undernutrition persists, mainly among rural people in poor developing countries, most
of which depend heavily on agriculture for their livelihood. So long as that is the case,
eliminating hunger will require concerted efforts to speed up agricultural and rural
development, including agro-industry for value addition.
As rates of deforestation and land degradation, and losses of biodiversity and
ecosystem services, continue to rise globally, the international community is faced
with the challenge of finding land use interventions that can mitigate or reduce the
impact of these environmental issues. Agroforestry, the integration of trees in farming
systems, has the potential for providing rural livelihoods and habitats for species
outside formally protected lands, connecting nature reserves, and alleviating resourceuse
pressure on conservation areas.
The main objective of the project is to develop and expand clam technology (production of seeds and livestock) to sustain the livelihoods of poor farmers in coastal North Central Province and develop a management strategy contributes sustainable water use clam aquaculture to improve the use of wastewater tomtrang camp. Significant progress has been made in this section. Key findings are listed below.
The PLEC group in Ghana was not only one of the project’s ﬁrst clusters to be
formed; it was beyond dispute the ﬁrst to produce substantial outputs. By the end
of 1994, the pioneer group in Legon had completed an important pilot study in
south-eastern Ghana and held an international workshop to which they brought
some of those who became the project’s ﬁrst expert farmers. The product was
brought together in the ﬁrst book published from any part of PLEC (Gyasi and
Tham khảo luận văn - đề án 'cooperation programs and agricultural rural developmen:development of clam culture for improvement and diversification of livelihoods of the poor coastal communities in central vietnam - ms10 "', luận văn - báo cáo phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
The nutritional knowledge and practical skills of small scale farm holders must be improved in
order to ensure that PNG can take advantage of the benefits of aquaculture. An increase in this
knowledge base will also directly benefit other agricultural industries reliant on the feeding of
stock such as the rapidly expanding poultry industry. These needs have been addressed in a three
day Feed Manufacturing Workshop funded by the Australian Centre for International
Agricultural Research (ACIAR).
Tuyển tập báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học của trường đại học nông nghiệp 1 đề tài: Livelihood Strtategies of Peri-Urban Households in Response to Rural Urban Linkages: A Case Study in a Peri-Urban Area of Hanoi, Vietnam.
The idea of the role of various ICTs to communicate information was further developed in
the follow-up research (R8347), in which respondents were asked to rank the importance
of types of information pertinent to rural livelihoods. It can be seen from Table 7 and
Table 8 that there is a great deal of similarity in the types of information regarded as most
important in both countries. Note that priority information needs tend to relate to social
A detailed situational analysis of the nutrition situation in country, determinants of malnutrition and
current nutrition interventions, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats can be found
in annex 2. In brief, eighteen years of war and insecurity have had devastating effects on the
nutrition and health status of the people of Somalia, which was already precarious even before.
At present, there seems to be a global consensus on the importance and inevitable roles of NTPFs. Despite this fact, there are also numerous problems that need to be considered in order to enhance the many positive roles of NTFPs. Among the problems are declining natural stocks, policies unconducive to environment al protection and poor access to "fair" market.
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Kenyan’s livelihoods are closely linked to their access to natural resources. As our population increases
and environmental quality continues to decline, there is an increased risk of social and economic
destabilization, which will have signifi cant impacts on overall national security. Rural people are among
the most vulnerable and insecure in terms of poverty, health, food security, economic losses, and confl icts
resulting from competitive access to natural resources, among other factors....
In its 2008 World development report on agriculture and development, the World Bank noted that three
out of four people in developing countries are living in rural areas, accounting for nearly half
of the world’s population. An estimated 86 percent of people living in rural areas consider
agriculture their main source of livelihood since they depend on it to provide for their daily
needs. The agricultural sector is therefore a driving force for income generation and job
creation, and continues to play a vital role for economic growth and sustainable development.
Technology and socio-economic assessment completed. The report provides. Report reviewed and accepted by the authorities CARD.
. • clams in the pond (production) related to experimental shrimp farm effluent and influent is progressing well.
. • Clam and shrimp polyculture experiment is progressing well
. • The preliminary experiments on oyster spat production produced encouraging results
. • Hatchery infrastructure set up to spit production test.
This paper analyses the root causes of rural
outmigration, focusing on its economic and social
implications. It takes as its starting point the fact
that mobility is inherent in human existence.
Livelihoods and sociocultural changes are
intimately connected with population movements.
To understand present and fast-developing trends
in human mobility, we examine the origins of
migratory movements and discern how such
transformations actually affect the natural resource
base, as well as how they shape livelihoods and
The biggest losers have been the most vulnerable
and disadvantaged groups in society, especially
rural women and men in developing countries.
Three out of four poor people in developing
countries live in rural areas, and most depend on
agriculture or related activities for their livelihoods.
According to a World Bank country rating study, in
agriculture-based countries – those where
agriculture contributes an average of 32 per cent
of GDP growth – 70 per cent of poor people live in