Rural population

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: First serological evidence of West Nile virus in human rural populations of Gabon

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Wertheim cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Trends in HIV-1 prevalence and risk behaviours over 15 years in a rural population in Kilimanjaro region of Tanzania...

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  • Rural residents have higher rates of age-adjusted mortality, disability, and chronic disease than their urban counterparts. Contributing negatively to the health status of rural residents are their lower socioeconomic status, higher incidence of both smoking and obesity, and lower levels of physical activity. Contributing negatively to the health status of farmers are the high risks from workplace hazards; contributing positively are farmers¿ higher socioeconomic status, lower incidence of smoking, and more active lifestyle.

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  • The following pages represent an attempt to put before the rural population a systematic treatment of those special subjects included in what is popularly known as Hygiene as well as those broader subjects that concern the general health of the community at large. Usually the term "hygiene" has been limited in its application to a study of the health of the individual, and treatises on hygiene have concerned themselves almost entirely with discussing such topics as food, clothing, exercise, and other questions relating to the daily life of a person.

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  • China’s rural financial system has changed dramatically over the last twenty five years, but rural financial reforms were lagging behind changes in the real economy and required further economic transition. As in other countries moving towards a market economy, the reform of banking systems and the creation of efficient financial markets in China continues to be among the most difficult reform issues. Poorly functioning official financial markets push rural population to rely on informal institutions.

    pdf392p haiduong_1 03-04-2013 37 11   Download

  • This report summaries major achievements of the CARD project entitled “Improvement of operator skills and technology in small rural sawmills in Vietnam”. An extensive survey of the needs of the rural sawmilling industry has identified the current and future prospects for forest industries in Vietnam. It highlights the very significant importance of this industry to the economy of Vietnam and future well being of rural populations.

    pdf12p tam_xuan 02-03-2012 25 4   Download

  • The Red River Delta (hereafter as RRD) is one of the two biggest deltas in Vietnam with the population is 19,625 million persons in 2009. It is also the most populous area with the population density of 932 person/km2 in 2009 (General Statistics Office, 2010). Tien Hai District of Thai Binh Province locates in the eastern part of the RRD, lies in the coastal zone - a sensitive area and affected by the interaction between the mainland and the South China Sea (in Vietnamese as Biển Đông - East Sea). The study area of this research is Van Truong...

    pdf15p dem_thanh 22-12-2012 17 4   Download

  • Prevalence of severe mental distress and its correlates in a population-based study in rural south-west Uganda Eugene Kinyanda1*, Laban Waswa1, Kathy Baisley2 and Dermot Maher1,2 Abstract Background: The problem of severe mental distress (SMD) in sub-Saharan Africa is difficult to investigate given that a substantial proportion of patients with SMD never access formal health care. This study set out to investigate SMD and it’s associated factors in a rural population-based cohort in south-west Uganda.

    pdf9p thulanh29 17-12-2011 22 3   Download

  • Many developing countries are currently in the process of restructuring their economies towards a more market-oriented production. This process had been initiated inter alia by efforts under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO) to progressively liberalize international markets. More than 100 developing countries are now Members of the WTO. Since its establishment in early 1995, it became evident that progressively subjecting national production to market forces can have both positive and negative effects on Members’ economies, societies and environment.

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  • The transportation burden on the railroads and highways of the country has been tremendously increased by the war. There is a larger load to be carried, of manufactured goods, raw materials, and foodstuffs. Not only has production of manufactures, raw materials, and farm products increased, but it is now necessary to transport a much larger proportion of these goods over long distances. The burden is further increased by the fact that we have removed across the sea, 3,000 miles away, a considerable part of our population, which must be provisioned and maintained.

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  • It has been reported that a substantial proportion of the new cases arise from the previously infected population. Hence, it appears that exogenous reinfection and/or endogenous reactivation play a major role in the development of post-primary disease. Though the risk of disease due to recent infection is known, the risk of disease associated with exogenous reinfection and endogenous reactivation has not been computed in Indian conditions. The data collected during a longitudinal study by NTI, Bangalore was analysed to estimate the above mentioned risk rates.

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  • In morocco access to antenatal services is limited and many HIV- positive pregnant women are not identified for lack of HIV testing, especially in rural areas. The fear of stigma and discrimination is a major barrier for women to get tested, both at home and in health care settings. Breast-feeding is contraindicated by the Ministry of Health (an outdated recommendation), but formula is provided in only three cities and only 56 percent of the rural population has access to safe drinking water.

    pdf236p le_minh_nha 18-12-2012 21 6   Download

  • Given that the adverse affects of climate change on agriculture are expected to burden poor countries disproportionately, and their rural poor in particular, Bolivia is especially vulnerable as it is the poorest country in South America with at least 70% of the rural population living in poverty and more than a third of rural Bolivians living in extreme poverty. Those citizens who have been displaced by natural disasters in rural areas often remain at risk in urban areas as shantytowns and slums are frequently situated on land prone to flooding or landslide.

    pdf96p doiroimavanchuadc 19-02-2013 20 6   Download

  • Poverty is higher in remote rural areas and in inner cities, but the rural elderly are much more likely to be poor than those living in urban areas. Thirteen percent of rural elders 60 years and older were poor in 2000, compared with nine percent of elders living in a metro area [20]. Thus we expect to find the most evidence of impeded access for the poor elderly who reside in rural areas. We interact the proportion of elderly in poverty with the proportion in rural areas to include in the model.

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  • Similarly, the National Health Policy (NHP) was formulated in the country in 1991 with the objective of enhancing the health status of the population. The primary objective of the policy is to extend the primary health care system to the rural population so that they benefit from modern medical facilities and trained health care providers (Ministry of Health and Population, 2006). The NHP is a comprehensive policy that encompasses service delivery within the administrative structure of the health system. The subsequent health plans that were developed were based on the NHP.

    pdf184p thankinhphanliet 21-12-2012 15 4   Download

  • General Practitioners are usually the first medical point of contact for elderly people, but some doctors may fail to diagnose alcohol misuse in a population where there are other urgent medical matters and some believe that it may be better for the individual to continue in their established pattern of drinking as altering it could be harmful. Elderly patients may show reluctance at disclosing their alcohol intake and relatives may wish to hide the evidence of the misuse of alcohol and deny the existence of the problem.

    pdf5p thankinhphanliet 01-01-2013 35 4   Download

  • A cross-sectional community based study was conducted in two different groups of elderly population (60 year and above) in Dibrugarh District of Assam, India during the study period from 2002 to 2003. The study comprised of 523 geriatric persons from both the settings. The first group consisted of 293 (male - 181 and female - 112) elderly persons from an urban setting among a population of about 1.3 lakhs. Four wards and two adjoining localities were selected randomly for the study.

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  • The challenge of alleviating poverty and improving living conditions for the poorest populations is a formidable one. It is increasingly apparent that such a betterment of the lot of poor people requires an effort that spans all sectors of the economy and may not be easy to achieve through economic growth alone. Improved access to financial services helps poor people by enabling payment transactions that then bring them into the formal sector.

    pdf653p orchid_1 17-09-2012 20 3   Download

  • Worldwide, one in five women has a child by the age of 18. In the poorest regions of the world, this rises to over one in three women. Adolescent pregnancies are more likely to occur among poor, less educated and rural populations. WHO’s recommendations for reducing early pregnancy are informed by two graded systematic reviews, three ungraded studies, as well as the conclusions of an expert panel.

    pdf0p le_minh_nha 25-12-2012 16 3   Download

  • If we really want to avoid climate change and conserve the ecosystems on which we all depend, it’s clear that we have to tackle both what we produce and consume. To progress this work, WWF believes that the UK government and retailers need to urgently develop and promote eating habits based on a sustainable diet if we are to address climate change, protect ecosystems and start to reverse the impacts of poor nutritional choices and promotions on people’s health.

    pdf73p ut_hai_can 26-12-2012 21 3   Download

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