In September 2006, as a result of advocacy by international and national non-governmental
organisations (NGOs), the United Nations (UN) General Assembly finally adopted the target of
universal access to reproductive health. This health key issues guide explores issues relating to
universal access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services using a rights-based
approach. The guide examines factors that inhibit access to and use of SRH services, and
discusses methods for removing barriers to care and improving access.
Differentiated thyroid cancer is the fastest‐growing cancer in women; it increased 2.4%
per year during 1980 to 1997 and 6.5% per year during 1997 to 2006 in the USA according
to the National Cancer Instituteʹs Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER).
On the other hand, the refinement of new approaches for surveillance of patients with an
established diagnosis of thyroid cancer is leading to the observation that many patients,
previously thought to be cured, have evidence of minimal residual disease, a condition
with which we still do not know how to manage properly....
In order to deal with the many challenges in Northern Uganda, such as poverty and discrimination against
women, AWARE utilizes several strategies to empower women. The encourage women to be part of a
rotating loan scheme as they have found that rotating loans and subsequent economic empowerment
enhance women’s decision-making power in the household. AWARE also holds dialogues with Local
Councils to encourage the council to give women land, and to take other measures to reduce discrimination
Given the importance of the insurance sector, its potential for growth, rapidly emerging
trends within the sector including the trend towards liberalization of insurance services, it
is essential to clearly understand the challenges and opportunities that arise from both the
development of the insurance sector as well as its liberalization for developing countries.
Pandemic planning should consider the need for stockpiling of essential supplies.
Discuss with key suppliers a plan for regular shipments in the event of shortages or
disruptions in transportation systems.
Shortages may occur because of disruptions in transportation systems or inability of
suppliers to meet demands because of their own staff shortages. Canadian supplies
travel long distances by truck, train and aircraft and are vulnerable to any disruption.
Many students in the surveys singled out organ music as being particularly
detrimental to their viewing experiences. Overall, 43 percent of respondents in
the initial survey were neutral towards a piano or organ score, with an addition-
al 33.3 percent noting that such music detracted from their engagement with the
ﬁlms. The consensus of the large focus group for the Ballet Mechanique screen-
ing was that there would have been diminished interest in the ﬁlm if an organ
score were used. “Organ music would be so distracting, esp.
One of the characteristics of non-wood fibres is the much wider range of fibre
lengths in different species (Atchison 1987). Many of these fibres, such as
straws, reeds and bagasse, are similar in length to the short fibre hardwoods. On
the other hand, others such as flax and hemp are so long that they have to be
shortened prior to papermaking (Atchison 1987). From a quality point of view,
any grade of paper can be produced by the combination of different non-wood
plant fibres (Atchison & McGovern 1987). For instance, flax has a very long
fibre length and...
The above three
approaches are used for the valuation of land as a site for the construction of a
particular building at the current time. Which approach is more applicable is
problem-specific. For example, in a situation where the purchase of real estate
is for investment, the income approach seems more suitable, whereas for
individual use, the sales comparison approach is more acceptable. Another
way for the valuation of land is to consider a vacant piece of land as a
potential site for development in the future so that it is viewed as an option for
purchasing one of...
Men play two types of roles in reproductive health. Men are health care decision-makers
within the family, providers and promoters of health care, and play leadership roles in the
community and at the national level. Men also are individual beneficiaries of reproductive
health care. Men’s roles as beneficiaries extends to the protection and care of their families,
including family planning and maternal and child health.
An estimated 3 to 4 million Californians are predicted
to remain uninsured in 2019. Of those, slightly more
than 1 million will not be eligible for coverage options
under the ACA due to immigration status. Another
800,000 to 1.2 million will be eligible for Medi-Cal or
Healthy Families. If and when they seek care, they will
have the ability to enroll in coverage. Robust outreach
and education can also decrease the number of uninsured
who are not aware of coverage opportunities and
are therefore less likely to seek care or receive preventive
All faithful Muslims are thus involved in a continuous ‘greater jihad’, which is largely
nonviolent. The ‘lesser jihad’, or war, is commanded by Allah but must be carried out
according to strict rules. There is a sense in which the lesser jihad is both a ‘Holy War’ and
‘Just War’. But the purpose pf the lesser jihad (or war) is not to make others Muslim,
although some (Muslims and non-Muslim)...
The web-based questionnaire was hosted on commercial web space leased specifically
for the project and participants were recruited through a variety of websites
mechanism of data collection allowed a specific focus on (predominantly male)
technology users such as computer gamers and music enthusiasts - two populations in
which the consumption of counterfeit goods is believed to be frequent (ACG, 2003).
The number of responses to the web-based questionnaire was 681. The overall sample
size was 2370. ...
Incorporating relevant theoretical and empirical findings, this paper aims to identify and conceptualize the
primary dimensions which influence the consumers‘ individual perception of luxury as a first step leading towards
a scale to measure luxury value cross-culturally. According to Hassan and Katsanis (1994) and Tse et al. (1988),
we suggest that the needs of luxury consumer segments cross national borders and that common structures in
luxury value perception exist cross-culturally – even if the relative importance of the decision determinants may
Part of the reason that new car manufacturers can choose to maintain prices on their new
cars (and adjust market share instead) is that a manufacturer arguably has market power in
the sale of a particular car. This means that the manufacturer should consider the elasticity
of demand for that car before reducing prices.
My interpretation of your program is that most sales people need a
marketing program. From my research and work with clients I see
one key reason being that most marketing departments are
unable to supply sales people with a consistent flow of quality
leads. I think your advice is extremely practical and important for
95% of the sales people out there (myself included as a small
business owner) who cannot rely on their marketing department
to supply the leads they need to fill their sales funnel. In the real
world of sales "self-sufficiency" is certainly the way...
More than eighty years later, it is not so much a utopian use of technical innova-
tions that marks the current trend in lifestyle advertisement, but – on a deeper
level – an aestheticisation of everyday experience that connects the commer-
cials discussed here to the avant-garde movement of the 1920s.
Agency theory argues that there are costs associated with the separation of
ownership and control in publicly held companies. The agency model proposes that
non-executive directors are an effective means of monitoring executive directors and
that they are able to change the behaviour of the executive directors so that
shareholder interests are pursued (Fama 1980; Fama and Jensen 1983; Hermalin
and Weisbach 2003).
China’s papermaking technology itself is relatively similar across establishments
because, until recently, the industry relied on a couple of domestic manufacturers
making nearly identical machines for each stage in the papermaking process (CTAPI
(1993)). The critical differences in the technology come from the use of two alternative
raw materials (wood and non-wood fibers) and from the production of either bleached or
unbleached papers. Both differences are important to understanding the industry’s
Therefore, the development of probability enabled the start of the process of quantifying
risk. However, it's noteworthy that probability and risk are different concepts to most
subjects. While the probability it's mathematically defined as the possibility or chance of a
particular event occurs, and is represented by a number between 0 and 1 (Gelman; Nolan,
2004, Triola, 2005), the risk is associated with the probability of occurrence of an undesired
event and its severity and cannot be represented by only one number....
Considerable recent detail is provided on
cytokines and signalling mechanisms which translate immune events into cellular
pathology including prostaglandins (Andrey Sorokin), endoplasmic reticulum (Reiko
Inagi), mTOR receptors (Lena Succar et al.), STAT3 signalling pathways (Fumio Tsuji
et al.), TGF-ß (Hyun Soon Lee) and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (Maki
Urushihara et al.). Animal models (Elena Goiman et al., Chia-Chao Wu et al., María
Ángeles Jiménez et al.) and end results such as urinary biomarkers (Sophie Ohlsson)
are updated as well....