Scientific principles

Presents the first unified exposition of the physical principles at the heart of NanoMEMSbased devices and applications Provides newcomers with a much needed coherent scientific base for undertaking study and research in this field Takes great pains in rendering transparent advanced physical concepts and techniques, such as quantum information, second quantization, Luttinger liquids, bosonization, and superconductivity
264p nhatro75 16072012 73 18 Download

“Economics is a study of mankind in the ordinary business of life.” So wrote Alfred Marshall, the great 19thcentury economist, in his textbook, Principles of Economics. Although we have learned much about the economy since Marshall’s time, this definition of economics is as true today as it was in 1890, when the first edition of his text was published. Why should you, as a student at the beginning of the 21st century, embark on the study of economics? There are three reasons.
585p namde04 03052013 49 14 Download

This book is designed to introduce doctoral and graduate students to the process of scientific research in the social sciences, business, education, public health, and related disciplines. Table of Contents About the Author
151p konbetocroi 03012013 23 7 Download

A Hausdorﬀ measure version of the DuﬃnSchaeﬀer conjecture in metric number theory is introduced and discussed. The general conjecture is established modulo the original conjecture. The key result is a Mass Transference Principle which allows us to transfer Lebesgue measure theoretic statements for lim sup subsets of Rk to Hausdorﬀ measure theoretic statements. In view of this, the Lebesgue theory of lim sup sets is shown to underpin the general Hausdorﬀ theory. This is rather surprising since the latter theory is viewed to be a subtle reﬁnement of the former. ...
23p noel_noel 17012013 27 5 Download

Analytic number theorists usually seek to show that sequences which appear naturally in arithmetic are “welldistributed” in some appropriate sense. In various discrepancy problems, combinatorics researchers have analyzed limitations to equidistribution, as have Fourier analysts when working with the “uncertainty principle”. In this article we ﬁnd that these ideas have a natural setting in the analysis of distributions of sequences in analytic number theory, formulating a general principle, and giving several examples. ...
44p noel_noel 17012013 20 5 Download

By means of the HardyLittlewood method, we apply a new mean value theorem for exponential sums to conﬁrm the truth, over the rational numbers, of the Hasse principle for pairs of diagonal cubic forms in thirteen or more variables. 1. Introduction Early work of Lewis [14] and Birch [3], [4], now almost a halfcentury old, shows that pairs of quite general homogeneous cubic equations possess nontrivial integral solutions whenever the dimension of the corresponding intersection is suitably large (modern reﬁnements have reduced this permissible aﬃne dimension to 826; see [13]). ...
32p noel_noel 17012013 26 5 Download

Risk Assessment Vaccines are considered safe when the risk of use is judged to be acceptable in relation to the benefits. For vaccines given to healthy individuals for diseases that are no longer common, acceptable risks are set at very low levels—indeed, far lower than for most medical products. However, "safety" does not and cannot ever mean "zero risk." The determination of safety is thus based on a scientific assessment of the data and a considered judgment of all the issues involved, including benefits and risks.
9p thanhongan 07122010 56 5 Download

The Committee evaluated whether the 100% CCF for contingent trade finance products in calculating the leverage ratio is too high and whether the 100% CCF disadvantage banks specialised in trade finance. In principle, offbalance sheet positions are subject to a CCF when calculating the riskbased capital adequacy measure under the Basel capital framework. The CCF reflects the likelihood of an offbalance sheet position becoming an onbalance sheet item. The Committee decided to not change the CCF for calculating the leverage ratio.
7p doipassword 01022013 25 3 Download

We introduce a typed feature logic system providing both universal implicational principles as well as definite clauses over feature terms. We show that such an architecture supports a modular encoding of linguistic theories and allows for a compact representation using underspecification. The system is fully implemented and has been used as a workbench to develop and test large HPSG grammars. The techniques described in this paper are not restricted to a specific implementation, but could be added to many current featurebased grammar development systems.
8p bunthai_1 06052013 19 3 Download

Microbiological method to detect antimicrobial compounds in shrimp has been adapted and standardized based on the principle of "Kidney Test" of Belgium. The purpose of this study was to adapt the method "Kidney Test" of Belgium to detect three groups ...
11p thulanh2 07092011 32 2 Download

General and simple principles are identified that govern signal transduction. The effects of kinase and phosphatase inhibition on a MAP kinase pathway are first examinedin silico. Quantitative measures for the control of signal amplitude, duration and integral strength are introduced. We then identify and prove new principles, such that total control on signal amplitude and on final signal strength must amount to zero, and total control on signal duration and on integral signal intensity must equal)1.
15p awards 05042013 14 2 Download

First principles molecular dynamics studies on activesite models of flavocytochromeb2 (llactate : cytochrome coxidoreductase, Fcb2), in complex with the substrate, were carried out for the first time to contribute towards establishing the mechanism of the enzymecatalyzed llactate oxidation reaction, a stilldebated issue.
13p viettel02 22022013 13 1 Download

As one of the most important families of nonnatural polymers with the propensity to form welldefined secondary structures, thebpeptides are attracting increasing attention. The compounds incorporatingbamino acid residues have found various applications in medicinal chemistry and biochemistry.The conformational pool ofbpeptides comprises several periodic folded conformations, which can be classified as helices, and nonpolar and polar strands.The latter two are prone to form pleated sheets.
10p tumor12 20042013 11 1 Download

This paper describes a computational model of human sentence processing based on the principles and parameters paradigm of current linguistic theory. The syntactic processing model posits four modules, recovering phrase structure, longdistance dependencies, coreference, and thematic structure. These four modules are implemented as rectainterpreters over their relevant components of the grammar, permitting variation in the deductive strategies employed by each module.
6p buncha_1 08052013 21 1 Download

The paper presents a constraint based semantic formalism for HPSG. The syntaxsemantics interface directly implements syntactic conditions on quantifier scoping and distributivity. 1 The construction of semantic representations is guided" by general principles governing the interaction between syntax and semantics. Each of these principles acts as a constraint to narrow down the set of possible interpretations of a sentence.
8p buncha_1 08052013 18 1 Download

With its active, handson learning approach, this text enables readers to master the underlying principles of digital signal processing and its many applications in industries such as digital television, mobile and broadband communications, and medical/scientific devices. Carefully developed MATLAB® examples throughout the text illustrate the mathematical concepts and use of digital signal processing algorithms.
386p stingdau_123 21012013 85 39 Download

Fluid mechanics is a fundamental branch of civil, chemical, and mechanical engineering which deals with the behavior of liquids and gases, particularly while flowing. This chapter provides a brief review of the vocabulary and fundamental equations of fluid mechanics, and reminds the HVAC designer of the scientific principles underlying much of the daytoday applied science calculations. See Ref. 1 or a fluid mechanics text for additional detail.
6p babyuni 16082010 54 26 Download

Since the beginning of human history, people have wondered how traits are inherited from one generation to the next. Although children often look more like one parent than the other, most offspring seem to be a blend of the characteristics of both parents. Centuries of breeding of domestic plants and animals had shown that useful traits  speed in horses, strength in oxen, and larger fruits in crops  can be accentuated by controlled mating. However, there was no scientific way to predict the outcome of a cross between two particular parents. ...
23p nguyen_vu 25032010 189 25 Download

Noteworthy is that different publication mediums are valued differently within the scientific community. Also, universities are ranked based on the number and level of publications. Journal articles are commonly recognised above conference papers, even if many of the conference publications use peer review practices. It is recommended that a researcher, even at early stages, should start the learning process of writing for journals. Once experience is gained, one should raise his ambition level stepbystep and aim towards publishing in increasingly better journals.
193p commentcmnr 03062013 47 26 Download

Productive Workplaces, 25th Anniversary Edition, traces the origins of and validates “getting the whole system in the room,” a principle that has influenced large scale projects ever since the 1987 edition. The book was voted one of the five most influential books in the field by theOrganization Development Network in 2004. It provides a model, guidelines, and successful methods for improving organizations under conditions of nonstop change.
575p baobinh1311 25092012 66 29 Download