Well known and established techniques, which allow obtaining intense laser pulses,
have led to the development of advanced laser system used in science and various
industries. Often at times, they combine Q-switching and mode-locking techniques in
a single device to achieve unprecedented average pulse powers (e.g. HiLASE, HiPER,
ELI, NIF, LiFE) for scientific applications, such as secondary sources of EUV, X-ray or
particles, or as inertial confinement fusion (ICF) drivers.