he Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is an agency of the United States Department of Commerce which deals with issues involving national security and high technology. A principal goal for the bureau is helping stop proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, while furthering the growth of United States exports. The Bureau is led by the Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security.
The mission of the BIS is to advance U.S. national security, foreign policy, and economic interests.
Federal Information Processing Standards Publications (FIPS PUBS) are issued by the National
Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) after approval by the Secretary of Commerce
pursuant to Section 5131 of the Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996
(Public Law 104-106) and the Computer Security Act of 1987 (Public Law 100-235).
United States Department of Commerce Technology Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology
SPECIFICATIONS, TOLERANCES, AND OTHER TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR WEIGHING AND MEASURING DEVICES
as adopted by the 91st National Conference on Weights and Measures 2006
These guidelines are for use by Federal organizations which process sensitive information. They are consistent with the requirements of OMB Circular A-130, Appendix III.
The guidelines herein are not mandatory and binding standards. This document may be used by non-governmental organizations on a voluntary basis. It is not subject to copyright.
Nothing in this document should be taken to contradict standards and guidelines made mandatory and binding upon Federal agencies by the Secretary of Commerce under his statutory authority.
This standard specifies a suite of algorithms which can be used to generate a digital signature. Digital signatures are used to detect unauthorized modifications to data and to authenticate the identity of the signatory. In addition, the recipient of signed data can use a digital signature in proving to a third party that the signature was in fact generated by the signatory.
The Internet has undergone astounding growth, by nearly any measure, in recent years. The number of Internet users increased from roughly 360 million in 2000 to nearly two billion at the end of 2010. The number of hosts connected to the Internet increased from fewer than 30 million at the beginning of 1998 to nearly 770 million in mid-2010. According to industry estimates, this global network helps facilitate $10 trillion in online transactions every single year.