Xem 1-20 trên 32 kết quả Sector’s greatest
  • A second source for private sector expenditure on R&D is the “EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard”, which has been conducted by the Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) that is part of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. The annual Scoreboard presents information on the world’s top 1400 companies ranked by their investments in R&D. It contains data drawn from companies’ accounts, most recently for the fiscal year 2009. 16 R&D indicators, such as R&D intensity, vary in line with the business cycle.

    pdf21p loixinloi 08-05-2013 24 6   Download

  • Additional examples further illustrate the benefit of this tool.

    pdf40p trinhcaidat 22-04-2013 18 4   Download

  • Digital objects have characteristics, or unique features, based on their creator and function. For example, the characteristics of a hard disk sector will be different when it is used to store the contents of an ASCII text document versus a JPEG image. We can use the characteristics to identify the data. The state of an object is the value of its characteristics. If a letter were changed in an ASCII text document, then the object corresponding to the file would have a new state. Similarly, the state of a running computer process changes every time data is written to its memory....

    pdf5p giamdocamnhac 06-04-2013 20 3   Download

  • As part of the process of formulating the Country Gender Assessment, a workshop was held in Kabul in September 2004, to which a wide range of international and national agencies1 active in the various sectors covered by this report were invited. The goal was to gather information about good practices and lessons learned and to benefit from the insight gained by various agencies that have been working in Afghanistan in some cases for more than two decades and whose expertise too rarely is drawn upon outside their own programs.

    pdf48p le_minh_nha 18-12-2012 14 2   Download

  • In 1832, Robert Ayrey, a milliner and straw hat and stay maker,¹ wrote to fellow Independents and missionaries in Jamaica. Ayrey was clearly concerned for his friends, and pleaded with them to return home to Leeds despite the ongoing cholera epidemic. His greatest anxiety was reserved for three girls that the couple had taken with them: one of whom was their eldest daughter, Hannah, whilst the other two were unnamed and apparently orphans.

    pdf202p bimap_5 29-12-2012 18 2   Download

  • Arthur Bromfield, my father, friend, and confidant. He has helped me in countless ways to shape my life and achieve suc- cess in my career. I am grateful for all of his love and confi- dence, and for always believing in me. Ken, Yukari, Evan, and Jessica Bromfield; Wendy and Mark Rapaport; Michelle, Dave, and Elise Andelman; Sy and Phyllis Bendremer; Linda Bromfield; Rick Bendremer; Jeff, Ellie, and Sol Bendremer; Danielle Wozniak; as well as my dearest friends, Mark Giordani and Jason Rich, who prove over and over again that the limits of friendship are boundless....

    pdf254p hongphuocidol 03-04-2013 34 14   Download

  • Although women are a minority in national prison populations all over the world, the female prison population is increasing. This increase in women’s imprisonment is part of a global trend towards the increasing popularity and use of imprisonment and a corresponding under- use of constructive alternative, non-custodial sanctions. This applies particularly to drug offences and non-violent theft (Penal Reform International, 2007).

    pdf112p le_minh_nha 18-12-2012 23 8   Download

  • Twenty years ago, world leaders gathered at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro and signed the first global agreement to tackle climate change. At the time, the impacts of climate change on communities and economies were just beginning to be understood, and the role of the private sector in responding to these challenges was only just emerging. But two decades later, climate change is no longer a distant threat looming on the horizon; it has emerged as arguably the greatest global challenge of our time.

    pdf72p kjra1102 18-06-2013 27 7   Download

  • Work and Employment. Women play an extremely important role in all dimensions of agricultural production. In certain regions, women's time input equals men's, but in other regions traditions restrict their work to the household where they are involved in crop processing (threshing, cleaning, drying, preserving) and also are in charge of most of the household-based activities (water and fuel collection, cooking, cleaning, sewing, tailoring, weaving, and child rearing). Women play an increasingly important role in opium production, livestock production and processing of dairy products.

    pdf96p le_minh_nha 18-12-2012 18 6   Download

  • Whether we get forms with extensive clarity by use of Baumgarten’s aesthetic considerations can not be answered conclusively on these cases, because much indicate that it has given some vague ideas when students encounter these considerations during evaluations, but without putting them into real use in their leading feature or as a guidelines in the design process. However, to the question: How can designers formulate aesthetic considerations which communicate a clear message to other professionals? an obvious answer is to make use of Baumgarten’s aesthetic considerations. ...

    pdf9p giamdocamnhac 06-04-2013 17 5   Download

  • In the 1980s and 1990s, policymakers took a big leap, arguing that the new microfinance institutions should be profitable -- or in the prevailing code language, they should be “financially sustainable.” The argument for emphasizing profit-making microfinance institutions proceeds in three steps. First, it holds that small loans are costly for banks to administer but that poor households can pay high interest rates.

    pdf30p taisaovanchuavo 23-01-2013 18 4   Download

  • Yet, despite progress in the identification of problems and the development of improved methodologies -- and the possibility of regulatory initiatives that feature mandated environmental accounting -- the field lacks a methodology for evaluating the social and private benefits of improved environmental accounting. Whether regulators continue to motivate EA indirectly via outreach to the private sector, or more directly via incentives such as tax breaks or mandates, private sector resources and regulatory attention should be focused on initiatives that promise the greatest benefit.

    pdf7p taisaovanchuavo 26-01-2013 17 4   Download

  • Although the promotion of this policy space has to form part of bilateral and regional trade agreements, it essentially includes a change in the operating mechanisms of the World Trade Organisation (WTO). 5 And, despite the fact that the WTO usually presents itself as an example of multilateral democratic governability (in the organisation every member State has a vote, a system absent in other bodies such as the International Monetary Fund –IMF– and the World Bank), several authors have identified deficiencies in this respect.

    pdf0p hoangphiyeah1tv 18-04-2013 23 4   Download

  • Later in this article (Sections 7 and 8) I present an outline of thisworkwhen seen through one particular lens, namely reproductive and environmental externalities, laying stress on the arguments that have shaped it and on the policy recommendations that have emerged from it. The framework I develop focuses on the vast numbers of small, rural communities in the poorest regions of the world and identifies circumstances in which population growth, poverty, and resource degradation can be expected to feed on one another, cumulatively, over periods of time.

    pdf77p thankinhphanliet 21-12-2012 20 3   Download

  • Universal access means that enough services and information are available, accessible and acceptable to meet the different needs of all individuals. This requires that people can safely reach services without travelling for a long time or distance, and that those with disabilities can easily access buildings. Services and treatments must be affordable, and based on principles of equity such that poor people do not bear a higher burden from the cost than more wealthy people.

    pdf7p ut_hai_can 25-12-2012 18 3   Download

  • A 1994 study conducted by the National Association of Independent Credit Reporting Agencies (now known as the National Credit Reporting Association) represents a third approach to the question of credit report accuracy.

    pdf84p enterroi 01-02-2013 26 3   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'normalization of two-channel microarrays accounting for experimental design and intensity-dependent relationships', tài chính - ngân hàng, kế toán - kiểm toán phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf11p taisaovanchuavo 26-01-2013 23 3   Download

  • The key driver of the Financial Crisis of 2007–2008 is the interplay of the following six forces, each of which can be linked to the misperception, misunderstanding, and the active hiding of the risks of consequential but low probability events (“Black Swans”) by those that stood to benefit from the obscuring of consequential risk. Other diagnoses, for example those of the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission, focus more on epiphenomenal aspects of the crisis such as excessive borrowing, risky investments, opacity of markets, or failures of corporate governance.

    pdf26p doipassword 01-02-2013 12 3   Download

  • Since the goal of the traditional direct marketing model is to identify customers who are most likely to respond to the promotion, it follows that the effectiveness of such a model, or campaign, is determined by the response rate of contacted customers. This evaluation criterion has long been adopted by numerous works in both academic and commercial settings [LL98, KDD98, Bha00, PKP02, DR94].

    pdf71p lenh_hoi_xung 21-02-2013 20 3   Download

  • Plant/Crop-Based Renewable Resources 2020: A Vision to Enhance U.S. Economic Security Through Renewable Plant/Crop-Based Resource Use was published in January 1998 (see Directions, Goals, and Targets on page 10 and back cover for print and electronic availability information). Among other things the vision document set a target of using plant-derived materials to meet 10% of chemical feedstock demand by 2020—a fivefold increase.

    pdf19p loixinloi 08-05-2013 15 3   Download

Đồng bộ tài khoản