Senescence process

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  • Our sample contains a total of 1301 open-end, no-load U.S. domestic equity mutual funds, which include actively managed funds, index funds, sector funds, and ETFs (exchange traded funds). Monthly net returns, as well as annual turnover and expense ratios for the funds, are obtained from the Center for Research in Security Prices (CRSP) mutual fund database over the sample period January 1975–December 2002. Additional data on fund investment objectives are obtained from the Thomson/CDA Spectrum files.

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  • Senescence is a biological process that causes a progressive deterioration of structure and function of all organs chronologically. Recent studies have revealed the detailed molecular mechanisms of senescence using cell culture system and experimental organisms. It is thought that senescence is a potential cause for the development of various age-related disorders such as cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disorders.

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  • The total undisbursed balance is UA 1,498,427of which UA 1.0 million has been committed to financing the Procurement Agent of the ZIMFUND and the balance has been committed to support other capacity building activities (Annex 3).With the utilization of this balance, there are no additional resources available to Zimbabwe in the current ADF 12 cycle. This notwithstanding, the Government has requested for technical assistance support in other areas including Public Financial Management and Public Private Partnership frameworks (Annex 4).

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  • The creation of quick jobs, as opposed to training, often results in the creation of too many bricklayers, often of not very good caliber. So that when the fund goes, people are no more able to get a good job than before. Sometimes there is a contradiction between building quality projects and using local labor, because when asked, municipalities often want quality projects. And yet bilateral and multilateral agencies say they want local labor to be employed. Finally, there are some environmental issues.

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  • We build a two-country general equilibrium model of exchange rates that features two roles for nontraded goods: as ¯nal consumption and as an input into the production of ¯nal tradable goods (retail services). In addition to retail services, ¯nal tradable goods require the use of local and imported intermediate traded inputs. Intermediate traded goods and nontraded goods are produced using local labor and capital services. Thus, our model has an input-output structure (as in Obstfeld, 2001), where the output of some sectors is used as an input to the production of ¯nal goods.

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  • An exhibiting artist since 1966, Lucia Pacenza is one of her country’s major sculptors. Her work is represented in collections in Argentina, Mexico, Spain and the United States. She completed this commission while Artist in Residence at the ANU School of Art. As with Janus, the classical god of doorways whose two faces look both forward and backward, so this arch combines references to both beginnings and ends. The concertina-folded and tooth-edged working around the hole suggests body openings and birth.

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  • Hedge funds increased in value to €79 billion, driven largely by revaluations of €2.2 billion amid a net transactions outflow of €0.3 billion. The revaluation performance was tempered by the fact that some hedge funds assumed short positions in a positively performing market. Hedge funds have not outperformed other investment strategies in the year to date. Other funds, comprising mostly mixed funds 3 , experienced negligible inflows of €0.2 billion, despite positive revaluations of €5.1 billion, culminating in an increase in overall stock to €152 billion. ...

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  • The second cluster of chapters focuses on factors that facilitate the adoption or nonadoption of agroforestry systems. The authors of the last three chapters argue that increasing the scale of adoption and the impact of agroforestry innovations requires actions that are based on an understanding of the dynamics of adoption and the critical factors that determine whether farmers accept, do not accept, or partially accept, innovations. Place et al.

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  • This review of the environmental effects of freight is structured by transport mode, addressing shipping, air cargo, trucking, rail, pipelines and intermodal terminals. It begins with a brief overview of the major environmental media or mechanisms through which transport can affect the environment. These include air pollution, global climate concerns, noise, water pollution, accidents, land use and habitat fragmentation.

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  • As minister responsible for human settlements issues in the Norwegian Government, I want to underline the responsibility of governments to take active action to improve the living conditions of the underprivileged in society. In Istanbul we reaffirmed our commitments to the full and progressive realisa- tion of the right to housing and recognised an obliga- tion by Governments to enable people to obtain shelter and to protect and improve dwellings and neighbourhoods. Now – five years later – we still have a long way to go.

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  • Investors favour real assets as a hedge against rising inflation rates. Whereas, in an environment of higher inflation, financial assets such as bonds lose value in real terms, the real prices of real assets remain stable or increase. During the last 15 years, inflation rates in the industrialised countries have fluctuated at moderate levels of up to 3% p.a. (see Fig. 11), although in some countries they have been considerably less. In such an environment, investment in real assets with a view to inflation protection typically offers hardly any advantages.

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  • This is a textbook written for all midwives. Midwives worldwide have a primary focus on pregnancy and birth in all types of settings. International concern for safe motherhood and the health and well-being of women builds on this core of midwifery. In the United States, the practice of midwifery encompasses the health care of women from puberty through senescence and from normal to high-risk, and the collaborative care of the medically or obstetrically complicated. To be with and provide care to women in all settings requires an extensive and in-depth knowledge base and skill competency.

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  • A number of OECD countries experienced an environment of low interest rates and a rapid increase in housing market activity during the last decade. Previous work suggests three potential explanations for these events: expansionary monetary policy, capital inflows due to a global savings glut and excessive financial innovation combined with inappropriately lax financial regulation. In this study we examine the effects of these three factors on the housing market.

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  • The economy continued to grow during FY 2011. Consumer spending rose at a moderate pace. Residential investment grew on a fiscal year basis for the first time since FY 2005, and nonresidential investment strengthened slightly. Job creation accelerated in FY 2011, with the economy adding about 1.9 million private nonfarm payroll jobs (after creating nearly 350,000 private nonfarm payroll jobs during the previous fiscal year). Overall inflation increased during the course of the year, reflecting higher energy and food prices.

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  • We identify earnings restatements by searching the Lexis-Nexis news library using keyword and string searches. We searched for words containing the strings “restat” or “revis.” We supplement this sample with keyword searches from two other full-text news databases, Newspaper Source and Proquest Newspapers. The restatement sample consists of restatements announced over the period from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2001.

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  • Because P2P systems designers have to a large extent failed to overcome these challenges, the semantics provided by these systems is typically quite weak. In most content sharing systems, only popular content is readily accessible — yet content popularity seems to be driven by Zipf distributions, in which a large fraction of requests are directed to unpopular content. Similarly, current content sharing systems ignore problems such as updates to content, and they typically only support retrieval of objects by name.

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  • At the bottom of the screen is the Property inspector. If the Property inspector isn’t visible, choose Window Properties. The Property inspector displays properties for a selected object or tool. You can change these properties. If no objects or tools are selected, the Property inspector displays document properties. The Property inspector displays either two or four rows of properties. If the Property inspector is at half height, that is, displaying only two rows, you can click the expander arrow in the lower right corner to see all properties.

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  • The life spans of buildings are long and it may take a number of years for performance issues to come to light, by which time the original designers have long moved on and the opportunity to learn from experience is lost. Further, the competitive and adversarial nature of UK construction inhibits the dissemination of building performance information. Thus, the construction industry in 2010 is generally still delivering buildings that are little better in real performance terms than they were in the 1990s. The UK goal now is to achieve 80% reduction in carbon emissions by 2050.

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  • This study assesses the life cycle environmental impacts of the production, use and disposal of different carrier bags for the UK in 2006. In recent years, the relative environmental impacts of lightweight carrier bags and other options has been debated. By the Spring of 20098 leading supermarkets had halved the number of single use carrier bags used. However, questions still remain about the environmental significance of lightweight carrier bags, especially with regard to the wider debate on global warming. ...

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  • However, inflation is just the cosomological paradigm, not a theory! The known field-theoretical mechanisms of inflation use a slow-roll scalar field φ (called inflaton) with proper scalar potential V(φ) (12; 13). The scale of inflation is well beyond the electro-weak scale, ie. is well beyond the Standard Model of Elementary Particles! Thus the inflationary stage in the early universe is the most powerful High-Energy Physics (HEP) accelerator in Nature (up to 1010 TeV).

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