Sentiment analysis of citations in scientiﬁc papers and articles is a new and interesting problem due to the many linguistic differences between scientiﬁc texts and other genres. In this paper, we focus on the problem of automatic identiﬁcation of positive and negative sentiment polarity in citations to scientiﬁc papers. Using a newly constructed annotated citation sentiment corpus, we explore the effectiveness of existing and novel features, including n-grams, specialised science-speciﬁc lexical features, dependency relations, sentence splitting and negation features. ...
Writing Academic English, Fourth Edition, is a comprehensive rhetoric and sentence
structure textbook/workbook for high-intermediate to advanced English language
learners who are in college or are college bound. The book teaches writing in a
straightforward manner, using a step-by-step approach. Clear, relevant models illustrate
each step, and varied practices reinforce each lesson.
The first part of the book provides a quick review of paragraph writing and summarizing,
followed by a chapter that introduces the essay.
Unit 1: Clause and sentence structure.
Simple sentences have one clause.
Clauses usually consist of a noun group as the subject, and a verb group.
Clauses can also have another noun group as the object or complement.
Clauses can have an adverbial, also called an adjunct.
Changing the order of the words in a clause can change its meaning.
Compound sentences consist of two or more main clauses. Complex sentences always include
a subordinate clause, as well as one or more main clauses....
This book—which can be used alone, along with another writing-skills text of your choice, or in combination
with the LearningExpress publication,Writing Skills Success in 20 Minutes a Day—will give
you practice dealing with capitalization, punctuation, basic grammar, sentence structure, organization,
paragraph development, and essay writing. It is designed to be used by individuals working on their own and
for teachers or tutors helping students learn or review basic writing skills.
As you begin English Grammar Demystiﬁ ed, get ready for a different learning experience. English Grammar Demystiﬁ ed will help you better understand and use the English language, but you will ﬁ nd that this book takes a different approach from the usual English improvement text. In the ﬁ rst two parts of this book, you will learn the basics of English grammar with a thorough overview of the parts of speech and punctuation and capitalization rules.
Chapter One is designed to help you write better by giving you instruction in building better sentences. Sections of the chapter devoted to capitalization, punctuation, and proper article usage will get you started in the right direction. Other sections providing instruction in sentence structure, sentence building, and error correction will get you ready for the basics of paragraph building in Chapter Two.
Vocabulary practice materials, and structures in English English Advanced Vocabulary and Structure Practice. English grammar is the grammatical structure of English sentences just the place orderly, proper and harmonious relations between the word elements to form a complete sentence and regulations in order to communicate a correctly, and basically most scientific. English grammar can be generalized into two contents, which are the elements, elements in a sentence and the sequencing rules, and divide it, may, in verse form, the harmony between the elements in question ....
Mastering American English is the book selected for complicity best understanding of all the grammar rules. Words, sentences, and other factors, as well as explaining the combination of them is difficult because this book is a very accurate and the U.S.. This is a book appropriate to understand American English and the book is ideal for foreigners who want to excel as TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language). This book describes the rules and power generated, so nobody should have any problem to achieve good scores in English tests.
Choose the word, phrase or sentence that best completes each unfinished
sentence below or that best keeps the meaning of the original sentence if it is
substituted for the underlined word or phrase.
In this section you must choose the word or phrase which best completes each
sentence. For each questions, 1–20, circle the letter A, B, C or D against the number
of the question.
English grammar is the body of rules that describe the structure of expressions in the English language. This includes the structure of words, phrases, clauses and sentences. A text that contains more than one sentence is no longer in the realm of grammar, but is instead is in the realm of discourse.
The topics covered here describe the "meaningful chunks" of English sentence structure. In so doing they examine key grammatical principles underlying effective reading and writing. When discussing speech, we say we know something when we can...
Analysing English Sentences provides a concise and clear introduction to current work in syntactic theory, drawing on the key concepts of Chomsky’s Minimalist Program. Assuming little or no prior knowledge of syntax or Minimalism, Radford outlines the core concepts and leading ideas and how they can be used to describe various aspects of the syntax of English. A diverse range of topics is covered, including syntactic structure, null constituents, head movement, case and agreement, and split projections.
In each writing assignment, the students are introduced gradually to the
writing process and encouraged to improve their writing through prewriting
and careful revision. They are also introduced to the basic concepts of academic
writing—thesis statements, topic sentences, unity, specificity, completeness,
order, and coherence. However, the main purpose of the writing instruction is
to give the students an opportunity to use their new knowledge of grammar
and sentence structure to communicate their own thoughts and ideas....
We are all aware of widespread disagreement about what should be presented
in a first-semester developmental writing course. Inside Writing was written to
address the resulting diversity of course content with a union of grammar and
writing instruction. In it, we teach basic grammar and sentence structure, yet we
also provide extensive practice in sentence combining and paragraph writing.
I. SUBJECT & VERB AGREEMENT
Please remember that subject and verb in a sentence must agree with each other.
The elevator works very well. (singular)
The elevators work very well. (plural)
1. Subject separated from the verb:
- In English, subject and verb are often separated from each other. English learners have a bit difficulty to decide exactly how they are agreed in person and number.
The boys in the room (is or are) watching TV
New Headway Intermediate is a practical and imaginative addition to the New Headway English Course. Its aim is to help students to express themselves both clearly and confidently, by training them in the key areas of pronunciation, in particulary the production of individual sounds, word and sentence stress and intonation.
The course, with its accompanying audio cd, is suitable for self-study as well as for classroom use.
The second edition of First Steps in Academic Writing , by Ann Hogue, provides high-beginning to low-intermediate students with essential tools to master basic academic writing. The text's time-proven approach integrates paragraph organization, sentence st
The fifth section of each chapter includes instruction in writing paragraphs
and essays and a choice of several writing assignments, again designed to
reinforce the grammar sections of the chapter by leading students to employ
in their own writing the rules for sentence structure they have studied.
1. The fox was unsuccessful in reaching the grapes.(VAIN)
→The fox tried in vain to reach the grapes.
2. The crops were badly affected by the storm. (EFFECT)
→The storm had a badly effect on the crops.
3. The project received unanimous approval of the committee.(FAVOUR)
→The whole committee was/were in favour of the project.
4. The personnel officer promised him that she wouldn’t tell any one that he had been in the prison. (WORD)
→The personnel officer gave him her word that she…
5. Nobody could possibly believe the story...