This paper presents a method that assists in maintaining a rule-based named-entity recognition and classification system. The underlying idea is to use a separate system, constructed with the use of machine learning, to monitor the performance of the rule-based system. The training data for the second system is generated with the use of the rule-based system, thus avoiding the need for manual tagging. The disagreement of the two systems acts as a signal for updating the rule-based system.
The growth of the Internet, which I have been involved in, and the growth of mobile
telephone services, which NTT DoCoMo has been a leader in, have been peculiarly interlinked
and at the same time separate. The Internet is a lab experiment that broke free, and
finds itself in a world of its own contriving, which it often does not understand. The mobile
telephone world was developed for commercial purposes, and is in many respects the son of
its father, the wired telephone system.
The book “Systems Engineering: Practice and Theory” is a collection of articles written by
developers and researches from all around the globe. Mostly they present
methodologies for separate Systems Engineering processes; others consider issues of
adjacent knowledge areas and sub-areas that significantly contribute to systems
development, operation, and maintenance.
In the early twentieth century, the instruments of war were simply called weapons. The cannon, the rifle, or the bayonet were all considered separate pieces of weaponry to be used in combat. By the Second World War, technology began to be integrated into combat. The invention of radar and sonar extended the field of combat to greater and greater ranges, and it was no longer necessary to sight targets directly. As technology progressed, the very nature of weapons also changed. Now, it is no longer sufficient to discuss individual pieces of weaponry, they must be taken in the context of...
The second edition of this handy pocket-sized book presents a comprehensive collection of clinical tests for all the major musculoskeletal structures. The tests are divided into separate sections based on body region. Each chapter opens with a figure depicting range of motion and an algorithm that provides a rapid overview of symptoms, tests, imaging, and diagnosis. For each clinical test, the author provides step-by-step descriptions of the methodology, starting at the patient's initial position, and then describes the evaluation and possible diagnosis. ...
Mechatronics is a design process that includes a combination of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, telecommunications engineering, control engineering and computer engineering. Mechatronics is a multidisciplinary field of engineering, that is to say, it rejects splitting engineering into separate disciplines.
Turkish is an agglutinative language with complex morphological structures, therefore using only word forms is not enough for many computational tasks. In this paper we analyze the effect of morphology in a Named Entity Recognition system for Turkish. We start with the standard word-level representation and incrementally explore the effect of capturing syntactic and contextual properties of tokens. Furthermore, we also explore a new representation in which roots and morphological features are represented as separate tokens instead of representing only words as tokens. ...
We propose a real-time machine translation system that allows users to select a news category and to translate the related live news articles from Arabic, Czech, Danish, Farsi, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish and Turkish into English.
In this interactive presentation, a Chinese named entity and relation identification system is demonstrated. The domainspecific system has a three-stage pipeline architecture which includes word segmentation and part-of-speech (POS) tagging, named entity recognition, and named entity relation identitfication. The experimental results have shown that the average F-measure for word segmentation and POS tagging after correcting errors achieves 92.86 and 90.01 separately.
This paper describes a new discourse module within our multilingual NLP system. Because of its unique data-driven architecture, the discourse module is language-independent. Moreover, the use of hierarchically organized multiple knowledge sources makes the module robust and trainable using discourse-tagged corpora. Separating discourse phenomena from knowledge sources makes the discourse module easily extensible to additional phenomena.
A new approach to structure-driven generation is I)resented that is based on a separate semantics as input structure. For the first time, a GPSGbased formalism is complemented with a system of pattern-action rules that relate the parts of a semantics to appropriate syntactic rules. This way a front end generator can be adapted to some application system (such as a machine translation system) more easily than would be possible with many previous generators based on modern grammar formalisms.
Our poster presents results and experiences from the application of the system to 300,000 word forms, a subpart of a larger corpus. The application of the system is carried out in two steps, an automatic lexical look up followed by homograph separation, which is done partly automatically, partly manually. Lexical and morphological analysis and disambiguation of Swedish is a rather complicated task, a fact which should hold for several other languages as well. Below a sample text is given, showing both the amount of information that has to be specified for each word form and the degree of...
Micellar Electrokinetic Capillary Chromatography (MEKC) was employed to the analysis of aniline, phenol and 2,5-dinitrophenol using an end-column amperometric detector with a carbon cloth electrode. The current condition of separation is a solution of 25 mM Na2HPO4, 25 mM Na2B4O7, and 50 mM SDS (pH 9.11); applied voltage, 10 kV; hydrodynamic injection for 15 s at 15 cm; applied potential for electrochemical detection, 500 mV. Absorbance electropherograms is also recorded for comparison.
In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Integrate separate REA diagrams for individual business cycles into a single, comprehensive organization-wide REA diagram; build a set of tables to implement an REA model of an AIS in a relational database; explain how to write queries to retrieve information from an AIS relational database built according to the REA data model.
Many classical integrable systems (like the Euler, Lagrange and
Kowalewski tops or the Neumann system) as well as finite dimensional reductions
of many integrable PDEs share the property of being algebraically
completely integrable systems4. This means that they are completely integrable
Hamiltonian systems in the usual sense and, moreover, their complexified
invariant tori are open subsets of complex Abelian tori on which the
complexified flow is linear. To such systems the powerful algebro-geometrical
techniques may be applied...
Unit 17: Post – Harvest system outlines the steps involved in traditional processing of cereals. It is vital that project planners and managers consider the traditional technologies in their particular socio – economic context when introducing any technical improvements or adaptations.
Chapter 4 "Threads, SMP, and microkernels". This chapter examines some more advanced concepts related to process management, which are found in a number of contemporary operating systems. We show that the concept of process is more complex and subtle than presented so far and in fact embodies two separate and potentially independent concepts: one relating to resource ownership and another relating to execution.
In the MEMS industry, systems for deep reactive-ion etching
(DRIE) utilize fast pumping, fast-response mass-flow controllers
inductive coupling of power, and heated chamber and pump lines
that are critical to achieve reliable etch rates. In contrast, we have
achieved 8:1 aspect-ratio PhC structures with 62nm vertica
membrane walls using a standard reactive-ion etching process based
on a sidewall passivation processes. In the remainder of this section
we discuss this fabrication process.
Integrated manufacturing uses computers to connect physically separated processes. When
integrated, the processes can share information and initiate actions. This allows decisions to be
made faster and with fewer errors.