The Habitat Agenda is a complex document embra
cing a variety of issues under the two main themes;
Adequate Shelter for All and Sustainable Human
Settlements in an Urbanizing World. Thus, a detailed
and comprehensive assessment of all relevant aspects
would be difficult to present within the framework of
national reports. In addition, when it comes to measu
ring progress on the implementation of the Habitat
Agenda, five years is a short period.
Subjects of the thesis include: the formation and development history and the application of international law in anti-dumping dispute settlement at the WTO; the WTO's current conceptions on anti-dumping issue, anti-dumping disputes and international law applicable to the anti-dumping dispute settlement; the content of general and specific legal issues of the international law applicable to anti-dumping dispute settlement at the WTO.
Tham khảo luận văn - đề án 'báo cáo khoa học: the development of the asean trade dispute settlement mechanism: from diplomacy to legalism', luận văn - báo cáo, báo cáo khoa học phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
In the late twentieth century international trade moved from a political multi-polar system based on the nation-state to a system featuring unified regional trading regimes. An inevitable feature of increased cooperation through bilateral, regional and international arrangements is the emergence of disputes over the interpretation and implementation of the agreed upon commitments. Accordingly, reliable mechanisms for the settlement of trade related disputes have become necessary to ensure the effective and continued functioning of these arrangements.
Cellular automata make up a class of completely discrete dynamical systems, which have became a core subject in the sciences of complexity due to their conceptual simplicity, easiness of implementation for computer simulation, and their ability to exhibit a wide variety of amazingly complex behavior. The feature of simplicity behind complexity of cellular automata has attracted the researchers' attention from a wide range of divergent fields of study of science, which extend from the exact disciplines of mathematical physics up to the social ones, and beyond....
In the sea medium, the accumulation of organisms can be observed at the water–solid
body interface. Biomasses developing on hard surfaces often exceed those on softground
bottom communities by tens and hundreds of times. Such a concentration
of organisms points to their ecological and economic significance.
The standards in this report harmonise and, where appropriate, strengthen the
existing international standards for payment systems (PS) that are systemically important,
central securities depositories (CSDs), securities settlement systems (SSSs), and central
counterparties (CCPs). The revised standards also incorporate additional guidance for over-
the-counter (OTC) derivatives CCPs and trade repositories (TRs).
Focusing on women, girls, and gender equality: A core objective of GHI is to improve health outcomes among
women and girls, both for their own sake and because of the centrality of women to the health of their families and
communities. Over the long term, improving the health of women enhances their productivity and social and eco-
nomic participation. Improving women’s health also benefits, now and in the future, the social and economic develop-
ment of families, communities and nations.
Since the mid-1990s, the Indian financial system has been steadily if incrementally deregulated and
more exposed to international financial markets. Its rapid transformation has been accompanied by
strong economic growth, increased market robustness, and a considerable increase in efficiency.
Reforms are continuing with the development of appropriate market regulation and an associated
payment and settlement system, as well as greater integration into global financial markets.
In contrast to equity markets, the government and corporate bond markets have been held back by the
more restrictive regulatory framework. A number of reforms were introduced to the government bond
market in 1992 when the price of newly-introduced bonds was set by auction. But it was not until
2005—11 years after the equity market—that bond market became an electronic order limit market.
Several measures were implemented to minimize risks in equities trading and to create a national
market in stocks.
However, instead of appropriately distributing risks, this process often concentrated risk
in opaque and complex ways. Innovations occurred too rapidly for many financial
institutions’ risk management systems; for the market infrastructure, which consists of
payment, clearing and settlement systems; and for the nation’s financial supervisors.
Securitization, by breaking down the traditional relationship between borrowers and
lenders, created conflicts of interest that market discipline failed to correct.
A soft ground condition exists whenever construction loads a cohesive foundation soil beyond its preconsolidation
stress, as often occurs with saturated clays and silts having SPT blow counts that are near zero. The paper
recommends testing programs, testing methods and data interpretation techniques for developing design
parameters for settlement and stability analyses. It hopes to move the state-of-practice closer to the state-of-the-art
and thus is intended for geotechnical practitioners and teachers rather than researchers.
The main focus of this report is designed in three parts: literature review of Export and Impport LC and Overview of Eximbank - Hanoi Branch; the current situation of L/C payment at Eximbank - Hanoi Branch; development orientation and proposal and improve the international settlement sevices of Eximbank - Hanoi Branch.
This ﬁfth edition ofMalcolm Shaw’s bestselling textbook on international
law provides a clear, authoritative and comprehensive introduction to the
subject. This leading text has been fully revised and updated to Spring 2003
to take account of new developments in the ﬁeld.
The last decade has contributed significantly to the development of research on the
biogeochemistry of tropical mangrove ecosystems. Also obvious during the last
decade is the continued and dramatic destruction of natural tropical mangrove
resources in Southeast Asia (Fig. 1.1). The naturally high productivity of tropi-
cal mangroves has traditionally been exploited for a wide variety of purposes,
both as sources of forestry or fisheries products and they have also been used
for human settlement (Hatcher et al., 1989; Platong, 1998).
The history and development of the longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) ecosystem in the southeastern
United States has intrigued natural resource professionals, researchers, and the general
public for many decades. Prior to European settlement, longleaf pine forests were one of the
most extensive ecosystems in North America. Most recent estimates suggest that only about
2.2% of the original area remains today, making it one of the most threatened ecosystems in
Reducing Poverty and Improving
the Environment and Citizen Health in Brazil
Favelas (slums) are a primary feature of urban
development in Brazil. These informal settlements
often occupy environmentally precarious areas
such as steep hillsides and riverbanks, and usually
lack key infrastructure, in particular sanitation and
sewerage systems. This has resulted in increased
rates of disease and mortality. Brazil has, however,
made signiﬁcant steps in addressing the problems
which beset the favelas.
Two hundred years ago, Lewis and Clark led their “Corps of Discovery”
on an unprecedented expedition to explore the vast dimensions of the
nation’s longest and largest river basin—the Missouri. Their central charge
was to seek a water route to the Pacific Ocean to support commerce and
development. Since those early days, the Missouri River and its tributaries
have occupied a unique place in United States history.
Ptackova Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice 2011, 1:4 http://www.pastoralismjournal.com/content/1/1/4
Sedentarisation of Tibetan nomads in China: Implementation of the Nomadic settlement project in the Tibetan Amdo area; Qinghai and Sichuan Provinces
Correspondence: jptackova@gmail. com Humboldt University, Department of Central Asia, Institute for Asian and African Studies, Invalidenstrasse 118, 10115 Berlin, Germany
Abstract Sedentarisation efforts have been part of the Chinese policy on the Tibetan grassland since the 1960s.