Besides assembling a wide assortment of products, the wholesaler also may extend short-term
credit to buyers. Often he assists retailers in solving merchandising problems. Sometimes
wholesalers prepackage products.
Retailing is the final link in the distribution chain. Several hundred thousand retail foodstores
and additional thousands of department, dry goods, and cigar stores and other specialty stores
throughout the country satisfy day-to-day consumer requirements for food and other products of
A natural approach to implementing such systems is to
use an existing query-based data collection system for sen-
sor networks. Through queries, a user can ask for the data
he or she is interested in without concern for the technical
details of how that data will be retrieved or processed. A
number of research projects, including Cougar , Di-
rected Diffusion , and TinyDB [19,20] have advocated
a query-based interface to sensornets, and several imple-
mentations of query systems have been built and deployed.
Information technology is another approach to transfer skills. Hiekata et al. (2005A,
2005B, 2006, 2007) developed knowledge transfer system, which can be applied
effectively to acquire knowledge of elder experts. The characteristics of each job were
revealed through questionnaire and structured interviews, and the job process is
analysed and represented by workflow and related documents, where tacit knowledge
of some tasks can be turned to explicitly documented knowledge.
In toxicology the effects are normally correlated to the quantity of product to which individual
animals or humans are exposed. The greater the mass absorbed, the greater the effect. In the case of
NP, it has been clearly shown that the measured effects are not linked to the mass of the product,
which challenges our entire approach to the classical interpretation of toxicity measurement. It is
clearly shown that at equal mass, NP are more toxic than products of the same chemical composition
but of greater size.
Some of the poorest countries have significantly reduced
maternal and newborn mortality and improved women’s and
children’s health. Innovative approaches can achieve even more,
eliminating barriers to health and producing better outcomes.
These approaches need to be applied to all activities:
leadership, financing (including incentives to achieve better
performance and results), tools and interventions, service
delivery, monitoring and evaluation.
The general meaning of gene therapy is to correct defective genes that are responsible
for disease development. The most common form of gene therapy involves the
insertion, alteration or removal of genes within an individual's cells and biological
tissues. Many of gene transfer vectors are modified viruses. The ability for the delivery
of therapeutic genes made them desirable for engineering virus vector systems.
Recently, the viral vectors in laboratory and clinical use have been based on RNA and
DNA viruses processing very different genomic structures and host ranges.
Overall development objectives may include employment creation, productivity, competitiveness,
GDP growth, price stability; and external payments equilibrium; as well as social, sectoral and regional
equality including poverty reduction. Positioning SME development policy against national targets makes
it easier to co-ordinate the relevant activities of different ministries and to prioritise goals. It also establishes
the basis for a tighter process of decision-making.
My motivation for the transition was the opportunity to develop and launch innovative, efficient energy technologies that have minimal impact on the environment yet still provide the reliability our society demands.
I’m a true believer that global climate change is an immediate concern, so I manage my career accordingly. I am thrilled to be at UTC Power, a world leader in providing environmentally responsible power solutions.
Poverty is higher in remote rural areas and in inner cities,
but the rural elderly are much more likely to be poor than
those living in urban areas. Thirteen percent of rural elders
60 years and older were poor in 2000, compared with
nine percent of elders living in a metro area . Thus we
expect to find the most evidence of impeded access for the
poor elderly who reside in rural areas. We interact the proportion
of elderly in poverty with the proportion in rural
areas to include in the model.
The commercial success of independent youth-oriented
pictures such as those of AIP was matched by that of some more edgy
and disturbing independent productions in the same generic territory,
The response of Hollywood was to embrace some of this material. A
landmark move was the decision by Columbia to distribute Easy Rider
(1969), a project originally destined to become another biker picture
for AIP. The success of Easy Rider helped convince the studios to invest
in a new generation of ﬁlmmakers seen to be more in touch with
the youth audience affected by the 1960s counterculture. Hollywood
learned other lessons from the independents in this period.
early half of
providers indicated their interest in participating but limited time availability resulted in them
completing both the baseline questionnaire and interview by email or mail. Results from the
baseline questionnaire were for only descriptive purposes and were not further analyzed.
Findings from the transcripts of the phone interviews were analyzed to identify common themes
and experiences. Our final sample included 5 Planned Parenthood affiliates and 16 non-PPFA or
“alternative” providers (although one did not complete the baseline profile).
As the entertainment industry has become an increasingly global
enterprise in recent years, Hollywood continues to occupy the central
role in the production and commercialization of culture. Just as classi-
cal Hollywood’s domination of the movie industry a half-century ago
induced critic Gilbert Seldes (1978) to say that “the movies come from
America,” so might one argue today that “entertainment comes from
America”—and, more specifically, from Hollywood.
We start by considering the role of sovereign debt problems. Are the baseline results picking
up greater-than-expected effects of sovereign debt problems rather than the effects of fiscal
consolidation? As Table 2 reports, the results are robust to controlling for the initial (end-
2009) government-debt-to-GDP ratio, for the initial fiscal-balance-to-GDP ratio, and for the
initial structural fiscal-balance-to-GDP ratio.
Benzene is a colourless, liquid, flammable, aromatic hydrocarbon that is a component of
petrol, or may result from incomplete combustion of fuels.
Benzene, a natural component of crude oil, is emitted from a range of industrial and
combustion sources. The major source of benzene is motor vehicles—both vehicle
exhaust (contributing approximately 75% to 80% of emissions) and evaporative
emissions (including evaporation losses from motor vehicles and evaporation losses
during the handling, distribution and storage of petrol).
Peer-to-peer systems and applications are distributed systems
without any centralized control or hierarchical organization, in
which each node runs software with equivalent functionality.
A review of the features of recent peer-to-peer applications
yields a long list: redundant storage, permanence, selection of
nearby servers, anonymity, search, authentication, and hierarchical
naming. Despite this rich set of features, the core operation
in most peer-to-peer systems is efficient location of data
Before deciding whether to buy a good or service, consumers often have the opportunity to gather
information or simply spend time thinking about how much they would enjoy the good. Gathering or
processing information is costly, in terms of money, time, and e¤ort. A rm, through its advertising,
product design, and marketing strategies, can a¤ect these costs and make it easier or harder for
consumers to assess whether a product is a good match for their needs or preferences.
Sweden's government has published its budget proposal for 2005 re-confirming its
"strategy for transforming Sweden into an ecologically sustainable society". The budget's
key environmental feature is a continuation of the country's ambitious green tax shift
In 2005, the increase in environmental taxes will total about SKr 3.3 billion (€364m).
Many of these will fall on road transport, including increases averaging SKr 340 and SKr
100 in vehicle taxes on petrol-driven and diesel-driven cars respectively.
Vehicle taxes on light trucks and light buses will rise by 40%.
Our explicit objective is to promote further research, discussion and action to promote cleaner and more
efficient vehicles worldwide. We intend that this work will be intensely practical, and focused on making a
real difference - from working with governments and their partners in developing policies to encourage fuel
economy improvement for vehicles produced or sold in their countries, to supporting regional awareness
initiatives that provide consumers and decision makers with the information they need to make informed
In Europe, economic sentiment resumed its decline, dropping significantly in
the summer months. After stagnation in the first quarter of 2012, the EU and
euro-area economies contracted in the second quarter reflecting a decrease in
domestic demand and lower net export growth. Unemployment increased
further, in particular in the countries that were hardest hit by the sovereign-
debt crisis. Available hard data and leading indicators point to a weak second
half of the year. For 2012 as a whole, GDP is now expected to contract by
¼% in the EU and almost ½% in the euro area. ...