The modern era in sexual medicine started in the
1970s when a few devoted pioneers and visionaries
began to revolutionize our thinking and understanding
in this field.
Prior to that time, sexual dysfunctions in men,
particularly erectile disorders, were thought to be
purely psychogenic or in rare cases caused by testosterone
deficiency. Treatment of sexual disorders was
considered to be predominantly the business of sextherapists
or rarely of endocrinologists.
The area of treatment of sexual disorders has undergone an enormous expansion
during the last few decades. The introduction of pharmacological treatment of
these disorders (e.g., sildenafil for erectile dysfunction or antidepressants for
paraphilias) rekindled the interest of physicians from different disciplines
(psychiatrists, urologists, gynecologists) in sexual dysfunctions. Physicians are
finding these disorders amenable to pharmacotherapy
Disorders that affect the sacral spinal cord or the autonomic fibers to the penis preclude nervous system relaxation of penile smooth muscle, thus leading to ED. In patients with spinal cord injury, the degree of ED depends on the completeness and level of the lesion. Patients with incomplete lesions or injuries to the upper part of the spinal cord are more likely to retain erectile capabilities than those with complete lesions or injuries to the lower part.
Take molecular genetics and
bioinformatics for example; these are perhaps two of the most exciting areas of biology and
are beginning to have an impact on other areas of medical therapeutics such as cancer and
diabetes, and provide a signpost to ‘personalised medicine’. Yet recent genome wide
association (GWAS) studies of large samples, have demonstrated that in schizophrenia
around 1000 or more genetic variants of low penetrance may be implicated in the
heritability of schizophrenia.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Illustrated synopsis of dermatology and sexually transmitted diseases" presents the following contents: Introduction, diagnosis of skin diseases, genodermatology and genodermatoses, papulosquamous disorders, bullous disorders, eczematous dermatitis,...
The Gale Encyclopedia of Mental Health is a valuable
source of information for anyone who wants to
learn more about mental health, disorders, drugs and
treatments. This collection of approximately 450
entries provides in-depth coverage of specific disorders
recognized by the American Psychiatric
Association (as well as some disorders not formally
recognized as distinct disorders), diagnostic procedures
and techniques, therapies, psychiatric medications,
and biographies of several key people who
are recognized for their important work in the field
of mental health.
Increasing evidence suggests that serious mental illness is neurodevelopmental and the
onset of pre-psychotic symptoms occurs in adolescence, at a time when the cerebral cortex is
still developing. As with many complex disorders (e.g. hypertension, epilepsy, and
diabetes), there appear to be many aetiological pathways that might lead to the final mixture
of behavioral signs and symptoms we label ‘schizophrenia’.
Cancer is one of the leading causes of deaths in the industrialized world (World Health
Organization [WHO], 2004) and the second leading cause of death in Germany (Federal
Statistical Office of Germany [DeStatis], 2007). It has been demonstrated that migrant cancer
incidence and mortality differs in general from cancer patterns in the respective host
Cancer is known to have a long latency period between exposure and disease onset.
Important exposure factors can be traced back to childhood and young adulthood.
Although advances have undoubtedly occurred, considered reflections about the seminal
contributions of Bleuler - and indeed Kraepelin - in this centenary year, may make one
wonder whether these treatment advances are a somewhat thin veneer, rather than the step
change required. It could be argued that progress has been more due to changes in societal
values and attitudes rather than the development of effective novel interventions – either
pharmacological or psychological.
Although they were for a while “dissociated” (Spiegel, 2006) from the clinical and scientific
arena, dissociative disorders have in the last several years received a renewed interest
among several groups of researchers, who embarked on the work of identifying and
describing their underlying neural correlates. Dissociative disorders are characterized by
transient or chronic failures or disruptions of integration of otherwise integrated functions
of consciousness, memory, perception, identity or emotion.
Vaginal pool smear: The aspiration can be performed after the introduction of
unlubricated speculum. The technique allows collection of cells under direct vision from
posterior fornix pool. When a speculum is not employed the pipette is gently introduced in
to the vagina until resistance is encountered. It is important to compress the suction bulb
during the introduction of the pipette to avoid collecting the cellular material of the lower
vaginal origin. The cellular material is spread on a clean glass slide and fixed immediately.
The Interagency List of Essential Medical Devices for Reproductive Health was developed by
WHO in collaboration with UNICEF and UNFPA and major international and
nongovernmental organizations active in the field of reproductive health. In 2004 and 2005,
several interagency meetings were held to discuss the discrepancy medical devices existing
among the various lists.
Sexual and reproductive rights apply to all individuals regardless of HIV status. Yet more
often than not, the rights of HIV-positive women and adolescent girls are not recognized or
given priority. Gender inequality and some social and cultural practices often tightly restrict
and sometimes control the decisions that women and girls can make regarding their sexual
and reproductive choices.
Whilst reproductive health targets and rights have been agreed in international negotiations and
universal access to reproductive health services incorporated into the MDG5, many countries do
not recognise sexual health as being distinct from reproductive health and the need for sexual
health services and information as going beyond those concerning reproduction and HIV.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Elsevier's integrated review genetics" presents the following contents: Musculoskeletal disorders, neurologic diseases, cardiopulmonary disorders, renal, gastrointestinal and hepatic disorders, disorders of sexual differentiation and development, population genetics and medicine, modern molecular medicine.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài:
Influence of gender, sexual orientation, and need on treatment utilization for substance use and mental disorders: Findings from the California Quality of Life Survey
Pacific country populations remain highly vulnerable to HIV infection due to,
small highly mobile populations, high rates of STIs and high rates of at risk
sexual behaviour. There have been approximately 30,000 reported cases of
people living with HIV in the Pacific, but this figure is under-representative
due to limited surveillance capacity across the region. Notably, cases from
Papua New Guinea make up a significant majority of the total cases detected
in the Pacific—from 21% in 1989 to over 99% in 2008.
(BQ) Part 2 book "John Murtagh's general practice" presentation of content: Chronic disorders, continuing management, male health, sexual health, child and adolescent health, problems of the skin, women’s health, accident and emergency medicine, health of specific groups.
There have been great strides in using positional cloning to successfully identify the underlying basis of many Mendelian
disorders of children. The severity of even these disorders, however, is greatly affected by genetic modifiers and gene-
environment interactions. The molecular pathogenesis of many more complex disorders remains unexplained due to the
often complex genetic, epigenetic and environmental interactions involved in their etiology. However, there is reason for