Each mental health professional’s life offers a personal opportunity to diminish the sense of
bafflement about how health, suffering, and recovery processes work. Over decades of
work in a mental health field, many of us develop the sense that we better understand
some aspects of psychology and psychopathology. Those who devote themselves to one
subject in a scholarly research fashion seem to have a slightly greater potential to remove
some of the mystery for themselves and others in a particular subject area.
Male Sexual Dysfunction: Treatment
Patient Education Patient and partner education is essential in the treatment of ED. In goaldirected therapy, education facilitates understanding of the disease, results of the tests, and selection of treatment. Discussion of treatment options helps to clarify how treatment is best offered and stratify first- and second-line therapies. Patients with high-risk lifestyle issues, such as smoking, alcohol abuse, or recreational drug use, should be counseled on the role these factors play in the development of ED.
In Africa, as in many parts of the world, adolescent reproductive health is a controversial issue for policy makers and programme planners. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to HIV and AIDS and to a host of other problems such as sexually transmitted infection, unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortions, sexual abuse, female genital mutilation and unsafe circumcision. Yet many countries don’t have adolescent health policies and much remains to be done to ensure that adolescents can access appropriate sexual and reproductive health services....
I have spent most of my professional career since the 1980s working on
reproductive and sexual health programs, but I first developed a passion
for these issues while working on a project in Chile from 1972 to 1973 at
the time of Salvador Allende’s government. A multinational group of women
friends got together to adapt Our Bodies Ourselves1 for a Chilean audience,
which was to appear in the government’s women’s magazine, Paloma.
Given the unusual circumstances of Cambodia and their likely impacts on the older population,
considerable effort was made to develop a survey questionnaire that not only would cover the standard
issues about elderly economic, social and physical well-being that are the focus of recent surveys of older
age populations in the region but also issues specific for the situation in Cambodia.
as mentioned, sexual and reproductive health is a
unique sub-sector, due to its close association with
important and sensitive socio-cultural factors and
gender roles which define and prescribe appropriate
opportunities and avenues of action. the field is
uniquely sensitive and therefore must involve explicit
exploration across all areas of activity of some critical
cross cutting issues – among them gender, adolescent
health, sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDs.
During the conflict and civil war in the 1980s and 1990s, particularly between 1992 and
1995, armed factions turned the traditional norms of honor and shame into weapons of
war, engaging in rape and sexual assault against women of opposing groups as an ultimate
means of dishonoring entire communities and reducing people's capacities to resist military
advances.2 In response, concerns about women's security led to the imposition of ever
stricter interpretations of what constitutes socially acceptable behavior, supported by the
most conservative reading of the holy scriptures.
In September 2006, as a result of advocacy by international and national non-governmental
organisations (NGOs), the United Nations (UN) General Assembly finally adopted the target of
universal access to reproductive health. This health key issues guide explores issues relating to
universal access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services using a rights-based
approach. The guide examines factors that inhibit access to and use of SRH services, and
discusses methods for removing barriers to care and improving access.
Dynamical systems theory in mathematical biology and environmental science
has attracted much attention from many scientific fields as well as mathematics.
For example, “chaos” is one of its typical topics. Recently the preservation
of endangered species has become one of the most important issues
in biology and environmental science, because of the recent rapid loss of
biodiversity in the world. In this respect, permanence or persistence, new
concepts in dynamical systems theory, seem important.
Reproductive rights advocates have been put in a particularly challenging position because
public debate about ART has been dominated by abortion politics. The Religious Right has
succeeded in centralizing the discussion on the moral status of the embryo, obscuring a broader
set of issues. Put in a defensive position, the reproductive rights movement has, until recently,
not had the opportunity to grapple internally with the complexities of ART use, and has tended to
fall back on traditional models of individual autonomy and choice.
With increasing numbers of U.S.
In this conceptual chapter, we explore the above issues by reviewing relevant literatures,
identifying current trends and discussing the potential impact of these on the veterinary
profession. With few studies in this particular area, the authors adopt an inductive
approach, designed to generate new understanding and propositions for further research
(Rosa & Dawson, 2006). Following this introductory section, we examine some of the recent
changes within the agricultural sector and the impact of these on the veterinary profession.
Sub-Saharan Africa has the worst indicators of women’s health—particularly of reproductive
health—of any world region. These indicators include the highest number of HIV-positive
women and the highest infant, maternal, and HIV-related death rates worldwide. The ability
of a woman to make her own decisions regarding her body and her reproductive life are key to
improving these indicators.
A fundamental element of sustainable development is environmental sustainability.
Hence, this series was created in 2007 to cover current and emerging issues
in order to promote debate and broaden the understanding of environmental
challenges as integral to achieving equitable and sustained economic growth. The
series will draw on analysis and practical experience from across the World Bank
and from client countries.
Women’s nutritional conditions differ widely among and within countries. Such conditions
are worst in the less-developed regions and countries of the world, where poverty, social
disparities, discrimination, and different kinds of malnutrition affect large populations.
Adolescents who become pregnant prior to
completion of their education typically face
expulsion from school, and those who give
birth often are not readmitted. In many African
societies for example, once a young woman
has given birth she is regarded as an adult, a
role that is generally perceived as
incompatible with continued formal educa-
tion. In the event that a young woman is
forced to abandon her education due to early
pregnancy, she likely faces curtailment of her
social, intellectual and economic develop-
The authorities have made continuous efforts to build benchmarks at different points along
the yield curve. The aim of this strategy is to further develop the interest rate term structure
in the local currency, which would allow better pricing and liquidity of bonds issued both by
the government itself and by the private sector. To this end, the authorities have increased the
average maturity of the outstanding debt and smoothed its maturity profile.
This demand feature bridges the gap between borrowers and lenders. It
allows governments to issue the long-term bonds they prefer, while making
that debt eligible for purchase by money funds that must invest in short-term
Sound like the SIVs we discussed earlier? VRDNs are like SIVs in many
respects, but with some key differences. First, there is generally less concern
about the credit quality of the bonds in a VRDN than the securities held
in a SIV—governments are usually pretty good payers.
the main lesson to draw from this broad range of strategies is the importance of community
engagement and the key leadership role that women living with Hiv have to play in tailoring the
Hiv response to their needs.
Having worked in a variety of specialty areas over the years as staff nurses, clinical
nurse specialists, educators, therapists, and managers, we realize that nurses
aspire to become highly proficient in their area of practice. But psychosocial skills
are often more difficult to perfect. Very often nurses feel inadequately prepared
to deal with complex behaviors and psychiatric problems on top of the demands
of providing physical care for the patient and family.
But then another side of the issue comes to the fore. The landscapes that we
ordinarily know are not pristine nature, but cultivated landscapes, rural or
pastoral, with their towns and cities. Over the centuries, people have worked
out their geography with multiple kinds of industry and perception, mixing
nature and culture in diverse ways, no doubt some better, some worse. But
who is to say that a science-based appreciation is the only right one?
as seen by science is just the way we Westerners currently 'constitute' our
world—so the phenomenologists may say.