Shock relations

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  • Shocks in fluids result from fluid flow that is more rapid than the speed of a compression wave. Thus there is no means for the flow to adjust gradually. Pressure, velocity, and temperatures change abruptly, causing severe fatigue and component destruction in military aircraft and engine turbines. This problem is not limited to supersonic aircraft; many parts of subsonic craft are supersonic.

    pdf63p nhatkyvodanh 11-08-2012 16 2   Download

  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Kinetics of plasmatic cytokines and cystatin C during and after hem odialysis in septic shock-related acute renal failure...

    pdf9p coxanh_6 30-10-2011 14 1   Download

  • In conducting their operations, farmers are exposed to financial losses because of production risks—droughts, floods, and other natural disasters—as well as price risks. The federal government has played an active role in helping to mitigate the effects of these risks on farm income by promoting the use of crop insurance. RMA has overall responsibility for administering the federal crop insurance program, including controlling costs and protecting against fraud, waste, and abuse.

    pdf50p thangbienthai 27-11-2012 37 8   Download

  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Surviving meningococcal septic shock in childhood: long-term overall outcome and the effect on health-related quality of life...

    pdf8p coxanh_7 31-10-2011 21 2   Download

  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Plasma soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 levels predict outcomes of pneumonia-related septic shock patients: a prospective observational study...

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  • This paper considers four models in which immortal agents face idiosyncratic shocks and trade only a single risk-free asset over time. The four models specify this single asset to be private bonds, public bonds, public money, or private money respectively. I prove that, given an equilibrium in one of these economies, it is possible to pick the exogenous elements in the other three economies so that there is an outcome-equivalent equilibrium in each of them.

    pdf25p taisaocothedung 12-01-2013 17 2   Download

  • From the perspective of financial stability, neither model in all cases reduces the probability of failure or the cost of failure of a banking group. The branch structure may provide an affiliate (or parent) and, hence, the group as a whole with greater ability to withstand adverse shocks that do not threaten the viability of the group, because it enables the banking group to more easily mobilize and re-direct funds from healthy affiliates to other affiliates (or parent) that suffer losses.

    pdf10p machuavo 19-01-2013 11 2   Download

  • We nd that nancial systems exhibit a robust-yet-fragile tendency: while the probability of contagion may be low, the effects can be extremely widespread when problems occur. The model also highlights how a priori indistinguishable shocks can have very different consequences for the nancial system, depending on the particular point in the network structure that the shock hits. This cautions against assuming that past resilience to a particular shock will continue to apply to future shocks of a similar magnitude.

    pdf44p mebachano 01-02-2013 17 2   Download

  • Small Hsps (sHsps) and the structurally related eye lens a-crystallins are ubiquitous stress proteins that exhibit ATP-independent molecular chaperone activity. We studied the chaperone activity of dodecameric wheatTaHsp16.9C-I, a class I cytosolic sHsp from plants and the only eukaryotic sHsp for which a high resolution structure is available, along with the related wheat proteinTaHsp17.8C-II, which represents the evolutionarily distinct class II plant cytosolic sHsps. Despite the available structural information on TaHsp16.

    pdf11p dell39 03-04-2013 14 2   Download

  • This article contributes to the literature by investigating whether or not oil price changes have significantly affected stock market returns in the last years. In fact, during these years price volatility for both crude oil and related products has been great. Unlike most previous papers, which focus on the U.S., European and major Asian stock markets, our paper analyses the impact of oil price fluctuations on Gulf Corporation Council (GCC) markets. These markets are interesting for several reasons. First, GCC countries have attracted increasing attention in recent years.

    pdf13p quaivattim 04-12-2012 24 1   Download

  • In recent years, heat treatment has been used to prevent the development of chilling injury in fruits and vegetables. The acquired tolerance to chilling seen in treated fruit is related to the accumulation of heat shock proteins (HSPs).

    pdf9p media19 05-03-2013 15 1   Download

  • The latest downswing in ME was induced by the bursting of the real estate bubble in the US and the subsequent global crisis in the financial markets. External drivers, such as oil price shocks, have often triggered slumps in ME. The major difference to past slumps lies in the fact that the risks have not yet faded out and global disequilibria are sustainable, creating a slightly gloomy outlook on the industry, which will be further discussed in Chapter 1. The long-term outlook for ME in the EU-27 is closely related to regional trends, above all to the degree...

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  • This paper attempts to measure and analyze the interdependent economic relations between the countries of Thailand and Vietnam, made possible by constructing a bilateral inputoutput (I-O) table linking the said two countries. It is an inter-regional type of I-O models that provides a compact and comprehensive accounting framework to quantify the economic interrelationships among and between industries located in the study regions.

    pdf13p mat_vang 26-12-2012 31 4   Download

  • The US subprime turmoil that first emerged in August 2007 and morphed into an international financial crisis following the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers in September 2008 was a shock that affected output globally (BIS (2009)). Long before Lehman’s failure, fear of counterparty defaults had disrupted interbank funding markets, including both secured and unsecured money markets.

    pdf10p doipassword 01-02-2013 26 3   Download

  • Relatedly, controlling for the forecast error of the change in fiscal policy does not, in our application, provide a way of estimating the causal effect of fiscal policy on growth. Over the two-year intervals that we consider, changes in fiscal policy are unlikely to be orthogonal to economic developments. Thus, the forecast error of fiscal consolidation over our two-year intervals cannot be interpreted as an identified fiscal shock and cannot yield estimates of actual fiscal multipliers. A large literature seeks to identify such exogenous shifts in government spending and revenues.

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  • The second industry effect analyzed in our paper takes account of the fact that the human capital of an independent executive can be proxied by the performance of the company where the non-executive director is employed as an executive director. One particular issue with relating director quality to firm performance is that the latter may be influenced by a variety of factors beyond managerial control, such as an overall economic downturn or industry shock. Firm performance is therefore a very noisy measure of director quality. ...

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  • Besides the previously discussed papers about impacts of shocks at birth, our results are related to research on gender bias during early childhood. Much of the literature finds evidence favoring boys over girls (see Rose (1999) for evidence from India that gender bias in infant mortality drops significantly when districts experience higher rainfall or Dercon and Krishnan (2000) for evidence from Ethiopia that poor households are unable to smooth their consumption, with women bearing the brunt of adverse shocks).

    pdf52p can_thai 12-12-2012 18 2   Download

  • In modern nancial systems, an intricate web of claims and obligations links the balance sheets of a wide variety of intermediaries, such as banks and hedge funds, into a network structure. The advent of sophisticated nancial products, such as credit default swaps and collateralised debt obligations, has heightened the complexity of these balance sheet connections still further.

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  • The global population of persons aged 60 and over is rising dramatically – especially in regions that experience the greatest risks of natural or conflict-related emergencies. Headlines of the plight of older persons during the European heat wave of 2003 and Hurricane Katrina in the USA in 2005 shocked the world. In developing countries, their situation is generally much less widely-known and their needs and contributions have been largely invisible. But this is changing.

    pdf49p loaken_1 16-11-2012 31 0   Download

  • Most stock market speculation is based upon either random calculations or upon restricted information. The first group of speculations includes games and betting in all their forms, particularly the purchase and sale within the account that is often performed in precarious circumstances: purchase without the available funds when the trade is opened and sale without possessing at that date the contract for the asset concerned.

    pdf28p quaivattim 04-12-2012 11 0   Download

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