Simulation concepts

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  • Simulation allows the repeated solution of an evaluation model. Each solution randomly selects values from predetermined probability distributions. All solutions are summarized into an overall distribution of NPV values. This distribution shows management how risky the project is.

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  • .This page intentionally left blank .Capital Budgeting This book explains the financial appraisal of capital budgeting projects. The coverage extends from the development of basic concepts, principles and techniques to the application of them in increasingly complex and real-world situations. Identification and estimation (including forecasting) of cash flows, project appraisal formulae and the application of net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR) and other project evaluation criteria are illustrated with a variety of calculation examples.

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  • This book offers a concise introduction to the art of building simulation software, collecting the most important concepts and algorithms in one place. Written for both individuals new to the field of modeling and simulation as well as experienced practitioners, this guide explains the design and implementation of simulation software used in the engineering of large systems while presenting the relevant mathematical elements, concept discussions, and code development.

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  • When I wrote my first book, Qualitative Choice Analysis, in the mid1980s, the field had reached a critical juncture. The breakthrough concepts that defined the field had been made. The basic models – mainly logit and nested logit – had been introduced, and the statistical and economic properties of these models had been derived. Applications had proven successful in many different areas, including transportation, energy, housing, and marketing – to name only a few. The field is at a similar juncture today for a new generation of procedures.

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  • Over several years, we have developed an approach to spoken dialogue systems that includes rule-based and trainable dialogue managers, spoken language understanding and generation modules, and a comprehensive dialogue system architecture. We present a Reinforcement Learning-based dialogue system that goes beyond standard rule-based models and computes on-line decisions of the best dialogue moves. The key concept of this work is that we bridge the gap between manually written dialog models (e.g.

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  • Simulated annealing has been applied to a wide range of problems: combinatorial and continuous optimizations. This work approaches a new class of problems in which the objective function is discrete but the parameters are continuous. This type of problem arises in rotational irregular packing problems. It is necessary to place multiple items inside a container such that there is no collision between the items, while minimizing the items occupied area. A feedback is proposed to control the next candidate probability distribution, in order to increase the number of accepted solutions.

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  • This report summarizes work performed during a quick-response analytic effort in support of the 2001 Army Science Board (ASB) Summer Study on Objective Force Soldier, along with subsequent efforts in related areas. The work used high-resolution constructive simulation to examine key aspects of “objective soldier,” with the modeling taking place in the 2015–2020 time frame.

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  • Computer simulation has become an essential par t of science and engineering. Digital analysis of components, in particular, is important when developing new products or optimizing designs. Today a broad spectrum of options for simulation is available; researchers use everything from basic programming languages to various high-level packages implementing advanced methods. Though each of these techniques has its own unique attributes, they all share a common concern: Can you rely on the results?...

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  • The book begins with a review of three-dimensional Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). PIV has become a standard technique over recent decades, and is useful for studies in which an optically clear fluid can be seeded with small, neutrally buoyant particles. Applications have included shipping and aircraft design, and simulation of cardiovascular flow dynamics.

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  • Distillation is probably one of the oldest systematic processes in the field of chemistry and chemical engineering which goes back to the first century AD. The initial concepts were applied in the production of distilled water. Distillation was a single step batch process at the beginning. However, fractional distillation as is used today was developed more than 10 centuries later.

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  • The purpose of this book is to provide an overview of basic image fusion techniques and serve as an introduction to image fusion applications in variant fields. It is anticipated that it will be useful for research scientists to capture recent developments and to spark new ideas within the image fusion domain.

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  • File Concept Access Methods Directory Structure File-System Mounting File Sharing Protection To explain the function of file systems To describe the interfaces to file systems To discuss file-system design tradeoffs, including access methods, file sharing, file locking, and directory structures To explore file-system protection .

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  • Applied statistics for civil and environmental engineers has many contents: Preliminary Data Analysis, Basic Probability Concepts, Random Variables and Their Properties, Model Estimation and Testing, Methods of Regression and Multivariate Analysis, Frequency Analysis of Extreme Events, Simulation Techniques for Design, Risk and Reliability Analysis, Bayesian Decision Methods and Parameter Uncertainty.

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  • Silicon technology continues to progress, but device scaling is rapidly taking the metal oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) to its limit. When MOS technology was developed in the 1960's, channel lengths were about 10 micrometers, but researchers are now building transistors with channel lengths of less than 10 nanometers. New kinds of transistors and other devices are also being explored. Nanoscale MOSFET engineering continues, however, to be dominated by concepts and approaches originally developed to treat microscale devices...

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  • This book is divided into different research areas relevant in Bioinformatics such as biological networks, next generation sequencing, high performance computing, molecular modeling, structural bioinformatics, molecular modeling and intelligent data analysis. Each book section introduces the basic concepts and then explains its application to problems of great relevance, so both novice and expert readers can benefit from the information and research works presented here.

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  • The MATLAB BVP solver of bvp4c is introduced as a Residual control based, adaptive mesh solver. An adaptive mesh solver is an alternative approach to that of a uniform mesh, which would specify a uniform grid of data points xi over the interval [xi, xi+1] and solve accordingly. The adaptive solver will adjust the mesh points at each stage in the iterative procedure, distributing them to points where they are most needed. This can lead to obvious advantages in terms of computational and storage costs as well as allowing control over the grid resolution.

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  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'an introduction to intelligent and autonomous control-chapter 3:model-based architecture concepts for autonomous systems design and simulation', công nghệ thông tin, quản trị web phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • The word genre comes from the French meaning type or category. Its roots are in the Latin word genus, a word which is now used to describe classification in biology. Using the concept of genre in relation to the moving image serves much the same purpose. Approaching films in relation to genre inevitably means treating individual films not as unique works of art but as members of different categories or groupings. There are two major approaches to film genre: The Descriptive Approach and The Functional Approach. ...

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài:Design of a complex virtual reality simulation to train finger motion for persons with hemiparesis: a proof of concept study

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  • It is often said that computers are revolutionizing science and engineering. By using computers we are able to construct complex engineering designs such as space shuttles. We are able to compute the properties of the universe as it was fractions of a second after the big bang. Our ambitions are ever-increasing. We want to create even more complex designs such as better spaceships, cars, medicines, computerized cellular phone systems, and the like. We want to understand deeper aspects of nature. These are just a few examples of computer-supported modeling and simulation.

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