Pottery and ceramics have been an important part of human culture for thousands of
years. From prehistoric storage jars to tiles on the space shuttles, pottery and ceramics
have played a key role in innumerable human endeavors. The art of ceramics is one of
the oldest known, dating to prehistoric times.
Once heated (fired) to between 350⁰ and 800⁰C, the clay is converted to ceramic and
will never dissolve again.
• This chapter aims to provide additional information on several techniques of metal forming processes other than those conventional process already mentioned in previous chapters. • The requirements for the process selection will be added, which are based on advantages and disadvantages of each type of non-conventional metal forming processes.