The work with this volume has been carried out at the Center for Developmental
Research, Orebro University. It has been supported by grants to Professor H^an Stattin
from the Swedish Council for Planning and Coordination of Research, and Axel and
Margareta Ax:son Johnsons Foundation, and grants to Professor Margaret Kerr from The
Swedish Research Council.
There are a number of excellent books on the market addressing the role of complementary
and alternative medicine (CAM) in nursing, midwifery and physiotherapy
(Rankin-Box 2001, Tiran 2000, Charman, 2000) which review, in
general, a range of themes relevant to the discipline. As far as possible I have
tried to avoid going over the same ground in this· book, however, there will be
inevitably some overlap. In addition I have assumed that the reader has a prior
level of knowledge covering paediatric, professional and legal issues in nursing.
This edition's cases give greater emphasis to pathogenesis, epidemiology, differential diagnosis, management, and complications and include radiologic images, photographs, tables, and algorithms. A new two-page format encourages students to read the case presentation and formulate an initial diagnosis before turning the page for the answer. The book ends with twenty all-new board-format questions and answers.
The chapters in this book reflect leading edge ideas, reflections and observations. Even
though the modern era of sleep research evolved from Aserinksky’s observations of
rapid eye movements in the sleep of babies, most work is nonetheless done in adults.
There is much less formal work done in youngsters and virtually none in utero and
pregnancy itself is virtually unexplored. So, Dr Miller et al’s chapter reviewing sleep in
pregnancy is particularly welcome as it incorporates current thinking in how disordered
sleep impacts other adult pathological processes.
The prevalence of hypertension in children ranges from less
than1%to5.1%. While pediatric hypertension was
previously assumed to be secondary to renal, cardiovascular
or endocrine causes, there is now increased evidence that
it could be a part of a spectrum of essential hypertension,
mainly linked to the obesity epidemic. The three most
common symptoms of hypertension in children are head-
ache, diﬃculty sleeping, and tiredness, all of which improve