Giải kiến tạo (Deconstruction) là khái niệm trung tâm trong toàn bộ tư tưởng và sự nghiệp của nhà triết học Pháp Jacques Derrida, đồng thời cũng là một trong những khái niệm quan trọng nhất của trào lưu tư tưởng hậu hiện đại cuối thế kỷ XX. Sâu xa mà nói, "Deconstruction" được hình thành từ khái niệm "social construct" (Kiến tạo xã hội), một khái niệm thực ra đã thấy có ở Marx trong câu nói nổi tiếng "Con người là tổng hòa các quan hệ xã hội". ...
A book such as this would not have been written twenty years ago.An awareness
of men as gendered is fairly new in health and social welfare. It took some years
after the early development of social scientific interest in the social construction
of masculinity for academics and practitioners to show an interest in practical
engagement with men as gendered – that is, in engaging with men in such a way
as to recognise how their identities and conduct are shaped by the way they are
raised as men.
Ten years ago when I wrote the foreword to the first edition of this book, the
concept of women’s health was changing at a rapid pace. The focus was just
shifting from solely reproductive issues and biological factors, to an expanded
perception that women’s health encompasses biological, familial, cultural, economic,
emotional, psychological, and behavioral elements of each woman and her
sociopolitical environment, beyond just the reproductive organs and across her
Charity Law & Social Policy explores contemporary law, policy and practice in a
range of modern common law nations. It does so from the perspective of how this
has evolved in the UK. As progenitor of a system bequeathed to its colonies and
after centuries of leadership in developing the core principles, policies and precedents,
the jurisdiction of England & Wales has been and remains central to charity
law as a common law phenomenon.
Programming Social Apps focuses on the OpenSocial platform, along with Apache Shindig, OAuth, OpenID, and other tools, demonstrating how they work together to help you solve practical issues. Each chapter uncovers a new layer in the construction of highly viral social applications and platforms.
In response to a request by the Department of Homeland Security, the National Research
Council formed an ad hoc committee to organize a two-day workshop to discuss the use of social
network analysis (SNA) for the purpose of building community disaster resilience. The
workshop was held February 11-12, 2009, in Washington, D.C., and engaged a group of
approximately 30 researchers in the fields of SNA and resilience science as well as emergency
management practitioners from different regions of the country.
This is the basic reason why the doctrine of "social responsibility" involves the acceptance of
the socialist view that political mechanisms, not market mechanisms, are the appropriate way
to determine the allocation of scarce resources to alternative uses.
On the grounds of consequences, can the corporate executive in fact discharge his alleged
"social responsibilities"? On the one hand, suppose he could get away with spending the
stockholders' or customers' or employees' money. How is he to know how to spend it? He is
told that he must contribute to fighting inflation.
The following passage is
excerpted from a popular journal of archeology.
About fifty miles west of Stonehenge,
buried in the peat bogs of the Somerset flatlands
in southwestern England, lies the oldest
road known to humanity. Dubbed the
“Sweet Track” after its discoverer, Raymond
Sweet, this painstakingly constructed 1800-
meter road dates back to the early Neolithic
period, some 6,000 years ago.
When asked where landscape architects work,
many people might point out their back door to
the garden. It would be more accurate, however,
to look out the front door. The landscape is
anywhere and everywhere outdoors, and
landscape architects are shaping the face of
the Earth across cities, towns and countryside
alike. Landscape architecture involves shaping
and managing the physical world and the natural
systems that we inhabit. Landscape architects
do design gardens, but what is critical is that the
garden, or any other outdoor space, is seen in
Projects have been in existence for thousands of years, dating back as far as Egyptian
civilization and the construction of the pyramids. It is only recently that project
management practices have evolved to the status of a discipline with proper methodology,
tools, and techniques. Today, the need for efficient and effective management
of projects within the organization comes about as a result of the increased
competition in the marketplace.
Image marketing is one of the fastest growing areas in marketing communications.
In the fall of 2003, Time Magazine published a special supplement entitled
“The Business of Image Marketing.” The publication is timely and clearly illustrates
the public’s growing interest in the making and application of image. Although
the emphasis of the supplement was on style, fashion, and design, the
concept of image marketing also encompasses brands, individuals, and countries.
Though there may be some controversy about the relative importance of financial incentives in
explaining trends in retirement in the U.S., the larger part of the European studies appear to more
. Most European studies point at strong incentive effects from Social Security and Early
Retirement schemes. This may be due to the strong disincentive effects that characterise most of these
This book arises out of a project funded by Scottish Homes, as part of EC
Competitive Renewal Initiatives in Sustainable Europe Network Group. Our
first acknowledgement is to the support of Scottish Homes for enabling this
research to be conducted. Equal thanks are due of course to all the persons
who offered us their time for interviews in the course of the research project
in the five countries studied. Also, we would like to thank Alison Smith for
her help in preparing the book. Finally, we would like to thank Dymphna
Evans of Edward Elgar for her support....
Vancouver’s green economy is growing more than twice as fast
as traditional sectors. he green economy includes jobs in clean
technology and products, green building design and construction,
sustainability consulting and education, recycling and composting,
local food, green transportation, and much, much more.
Green jobs can be found across traditional and new industry sectors.
This is a work in progress. It is a work that has been in progress
for at least the last ten years if not more. It is a work that has much
more yet to come.
The study of environmental harm is relatively new for most
criminologists. For myself, in writing this book I have had to draw
upon my own work over the last decade plus that of a relatively small
handful of criminologists who are fellow travellers in this area.
On the other hand, there is a wealth of material from other fields
and disciplines that is entirely relevant and useful to a study such as
With the rise of the internet and the growing concern over intellectual property, this study provides an open, constructive platform for a wide range of lawyers, artists, journalists, and activists to discuss their views on the future of free and open-source software. By exchanging both complementary and conflicting opinions, the contributors look ahead to the evolution, prospects, and issues of sharing knowledge and ideas through technology.
Many social funds were designed to rehabilitate existing infrastruc-
ture. Rehabilitation was undoubtedly appropriate when the social
funds were in the emergency phase, but it may not always be the
service the users want now, because those facilities were originally
put in place under a perhaps more centralized and very different
service delivery system.
Offering technology choices that are too complex or expensive is as
much of a problem as offering technology choices that are too sim-
plistic or inexpensive to deliver at the level of service people are will-
ing to pay for.
Concerning the motives for consuming luxury brands, it has to be stated that the notion of ―buying to impress
others‖, still more or less serves as a strategic principle for the marketing management of luxury brands (Berry
1994; Dittmar 1994; Corneo and Jeanne 1997; Vigneron and Johnson 1999, 2004; O‘Cass and Frost 2002).
According to the theory of impression management, consumers are highly affected by the internal drive to create a
favorable social image from the outcome of their purchase behavior (Eagly and Chaiken 1993; Mandrik 1996;
Globalization has perhaps been the notion most widely used and debated by the
social sciences in the last decade of the twentieth century and in the first years of
the twenty-first. Subject to diverse and sometimes conflicting interpretations, the
concept has also been the target—as shown in Chap. 1—of harsh criticisms from
authors who have contested its real meaningfulness and extent.
The increasing number of countries for which a Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) has been compiled
testifies to the usefulness of this integrated data framework. Considerable resources are always
involved in the construction of a SAM, for it provides a comprehensive description of an economy
with emphasis on distributive aspects. This means that, unlike other data systems, incomes and
expenditures of several categories of households and their relation to the production structure, the
balance of payments and transactions by other institutions are shown.