Xem 1-20 trên 56 kết quả Social constructions
  • Giải kiến tạo (Deconstruction) là khái niệm trung tâm trong toàn bộ tư tưởng và sự nghiệp của nhà triết học Pháp Jacques Derrida, đồng thời cũng là một trong những khái niệm quan trọng nhất của trào lưu tư tưởng hậu hiện đại cuối thế kỷ XX. Sâu xa mà nói, "Deconstruction" được hình thành từ khái niệm "social construct" (Kiến tạo xã hội), một khái niệm thực ra đã thấy có ở Marx trong câu nói nổi tiếng "Con người là tổng hòa các quan hệ xã hội". ...

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  • A book such as this would not have been written twenty years ago.An awareness of men as gendered is fairly new in health and social welfare. It took some years after the early development of social scientific interest in the social construction of masculinity for academics and practitioners to show an interest in practical engagement with men as gendered – that is, in engaging with men in such a way as to recognise how their identities and conduct are shaped by the way they are raised as men.

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  • Ten years ago when I wrote the foreword to the first edition of this book, the concept of women’s health was changing at a rapid pace. The focus was just shifting from solely reproductive issues and biological factors, to an expanded perception that women’s health encompasses biological, familial, cultural, economic, emotional, psychological, and behavioral elements of each woman and her sociopolitical environment, beyond just the reproductive organs and across her entire lifespan.

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  • Charity Law & Social Policy explores contemporary law, policy and practice in a range of modern common law nations. It does so from the perspective of how this has evolved in the UK. As progenitor of a system bequeathed to its colonies and after centuries of leadership in developing the core principles, policies and precedents, the jurisdiction of England & Wales has been and remains central to charity law as a common law phenomenon.

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  • Programming Social Apps focuses on the OpenSocial platform, along with Apache Shindig, OAuth, OpenID, and other tools, demonstrating how they work together to help you solve practical issues. Each chapter uncovers a new layer in the construction of highly viral social applications and platforms.

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  • In response to a request by the Department of Homeland Security, the National Research Council formed an ad hoc committee to organize a two-day workshop to discuss the use of social network analysis (SNA) for the purpose of building community disaster resilience. The workshop was held February 11-12, 2009, in Washington, D.C., and engaged a group of approximately 30 researchers in the fields of SNA and resilience science as well as emergency management practitioners from different regions of the country.

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  • This is the basic reason why the doctrine of "social responsibility" involves the acceptance of the socialist view that political mechanisms, not market mechanisms, are the appropriate way to determine the allocation of scarce resources to alternative uses. On the grounds of consequences, can the corporate executive in fact discharge his alleged "social responsibilities"? On the one hand, suppose he could get away with spending the stockholders' or customers' or employees' money. How is he to know how to spend it? He is told that he must contribute to fighting inflation.

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  • The following passage is excerpted from a popular journal of archeology. About fifty miles west of Stonehenge, buried in the peat bogs of the Somerset flatlands in southwestern England, lies the oldest road known to humanity. Dubbed the “Sweet Track” after its discoverer, Raymond Sweet, this painstakingly constructed 1800- meter road dates back to the early Neolithic period, some 6,000 years ago.

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  • When asked where landscape architects work, many people might point out their back door to the garden. It would be more accurate, however, to look out the front door. The landscape is anywhere and everywhere outdoors, and landscape architects are shaping the face of the Earth across cities, towns and countryside alike. Landscape architecture involves shaping and managing the physical world and the natural systems that we inhabit. Landscape architects do design gardens, but what is critical is that the garden, or any other outdoor space, is seen in context.

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  • Projects have been in existence for thousands of years, dating back as far as Egyptian civilization and the construction of the pyramids. It is only recently that project management practices have evolved to the status of a discipline with proper methodology, tools, and techniques. Today, the need for efficient and effective management of projects within the organization comes about as a result of the increased competition in the marketplace.

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  • Image marketing is one of the fastest growing areas in marketing communications. In the fall of 2003, Time Magazine published a special supplement entitled “The Business of Image Marketing.” The publication is timely and clearly illustrates the public’s growing interest in the making and application of image. Although the emphasis of the supplement was on style, fashion, and design, the concept of image marketing also encompasses brands, individuals, and countries.

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  • Though there may be some controversy about the relative importance of financial incentives in explaining trends in retirement in the U.S., the larger part of the European studies appear to more conclusive 1 . Most European studies point at strong incentive effects from Social Security and Early Retirement schemes. This may be due to the strong disincentive effects that characterise most of these European systems....

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  • This book arises out of a project funded by Scottish Homes, as part of EC Competitive Renewal Initiatives in Sustainable Europe Network Group. Our first acknowledgement is to the support of Scottish Homes for enabling this research to be conducted. Equal thanks are due of course to all the persons who offered us their time for interviews in the course of the research project in the five countries studied. Also, we would like to thank Alison Smith for her help in preparing the book. Finally, we would like to thank Dymphna Evans of Edward Elgar for her support....

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  • Vancouver’s green economy is growing more than twice as fast as traditional sectors. he green economy includes jobs in clean technology and products, green building design and construction, sustainability consulting and education, recycling and composting, local food, green transportation, and much, much more. Green jobs can be found across traditional and new industry sectors.

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  • This is a work in progress. It is a work that has been in progress for at least the last ten years if not more. It is a work that has much more yet to come. The study of environmental harm is relatively new for most criminologists. For myself, in writing this book I have had to draw upon my own work over the last decade plus that of a relatively small handful of criminologists who are fellow travellers in this area. On the other hand, there is a wealth of material from other fields and disciplines that is entirely relevant and useful to a study such as this...

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  • With the rise of the internet and the growing concern over intellectual property, this study provides an open, constructive platform for a wide range of lawyers, artists, journalists, and activists to discuss their views on the future of free and open-source software. By exchanging both complementary and conflicting opinions, the contributors look ahead to the evolution, prospects, and issues of sharing knowledge and ideas through technology.

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  • Many social funds were designed to rehabilitate existing infrastruc- ture. Rehabilitation was undoubtedly appropriate when the social funds were in the emergency phase, but it may not always be the service the users want now, because those facilities were originally put in place under a perhaps more centralized and very different service delivery system. Offering technology choices that are too complex or expensive is as much of a problem as offering technology choices that are too sim- plistic or inexpensive to deliver at the level of service people are will- ing to pay for.

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  • Concerning the motives for consuming luxury brands, it has to be stated that the notion of ―buying to impress others‖, still more or less serves as a strategic principle for the marketing management of luxury brands (Berry 1994; Dittmar 1994; Corneo and Jeanne 1997; Vigneron and Johnson 1999, 2004; O‘Cass and Frost 2002). According to the theory of impression management, consumers are highly affected by the internal drive to create a favorable social image from the outcome of their purchase behavior (Eagly and Chaiken 1993; Mandrik 1996; Sallot 2002).

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  • Globalization has perhaps been the notion most widely used and debated by the social sciences in the last decade of the twentieth century and in the first years of the twenty-first. Subject to diverse and sometimes conflicting interpretations, the concept has also been the target—as shown in Chap. 1—of harsh criticisms from authors who have contested its real meaningfulness and extent.

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  • The increasing number of countries for which a Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) has been compiled testifies to the usefulness of this integrated data framework. Considerable resources are always involved in the construction of a SAM, for it provides a comprehensive description of an economy with emphasis on distributive aspects. This means that, unlike other data systems, incomes and expenditures of several categories of households and their relation to the production structure, the balance of payments and transactions by other institutions are shown.

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