Social exclusion

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  • Social exclusion is a dynamic, multi-dimensional phenomenon. Driven by unequal power relationships, it works to exclude groups of people in particular contexts from engaging fully in community or social life. Many of South Africa's post-apartheid policies and programmes have been directed at correcting historical injustices responsible for social exclusion, yet inequalities remain rampant.

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  • This monograph explores the notion of social exclusion in sub-Saharan Africa and summarises available baseline indicators of the scale of inequality in five selected countries: Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Ethiopia and Nigeria.

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  • Charity Law & Social Policy explores contemporary law, policy and practice in a range of modern common law nations. It does so from the perspective of how this has evolved in the UK. As progenitor of a system bequeathed to its colonies and after centuries of leadership in developing the core principles, policies and precedents, the jurisdiction of England & Wales has been and remains central to charity law as a common law phenomenon.

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  • This book has a simple purpose: to explore the various dimensions of social inequality that currently afflict the game of football in Britain. The contributors have written variously against a background of euphoric public discourse about football, with waning concern about football hooliganism, a string of new stadiums, the incessant tinkling of cash registers at the top clubs and relentless media invocations of ‘the beautiful game’.

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  • Young men aged 15–24 die at rates far higher than their female counterparts, and at rates higher than men of any other age group. Worldwide, the leading causes of death for young men aged 15–24 are traffic accidents and homicide—both directly related to how boys and men are socialized. In much of Latin America, the Caribbean and parts of sub-Saharan Africa, the leading cause of early death far and away is homicide.

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  • This handbook on global social policy is one in a set of six global policy handbooks. The other five deal with economic, technology, political, international, and legal policy. Public policy studies in the past have tended to emphasize domestic policy rather than cross-national policy. This has been especially true of American policy studies, which tend to be especially nation-bound. This is also true, to some extent, of policy studies in France, Russia, China, Brazil, and elsewhere.

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  • Developing Asia achieved impressive economic growth in the last decade and had remarkable success in lifting large numbers of people in the region out of poverty. At the same time, recent evidence suggests that in many growing economies of developing Asia, rising income disparities are widening the gap between the rich and the poor.

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  • Standardised, regularly available indicators to explain market developments for microfinance in Europe do not yet exist, or refer to Eastern Europe. Thus, we will focus in this section on the framework conditions for microfinance which are covered by the regularly updated Eurostat indicators for poverty and social inclusion, and by data on micro-enterprises. Specific aspects of the current crisis will be discussed later in this paper.

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  • In Eastern Europe, the incidence of poverty or social exclusion is greatest, although the difference between the EU-15 and EU-27 figure is relatively small. When comparing 2009 to 2010, the situation became worse in most of the countries for which 2010 figures are available. Within the EU, the largest aggravation was observed in Lithuania and Spain.

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  • There is also diversity with regard to final beneficiaries: many providers target people excluded from mainstream financial services (47% of respondents of the latest EMN survey) and women (44%); moreover, ethnic minorities and/or immigrants (41%), young (29%) and disabled people (21%) are amongst the top ranks (see Jayo et al, 2010). Priority outreach to these specific target groups show the high social focus of microfinance in Europe.

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  • Through its capacity to combine growth and inclusiveness, our social market economy is one of Europe's greatest assets. But today its economy and its society face the threat that the grave problems of high unemployment, increased poverty and social exclusion risk becoming structural. The EU dimension must be harnessed to assist Member States to find every opportunity to help people looking for work and to address the mismatch between labour supply and demand.

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  • The aim of the descriptive approach is to place a large number of films into a small set of groups based on common characteristics such as theme or visual style. This means concentrating on the formal and stylistic qualities of films. Try the following introductory exercise to familiarise yourself with this approach: The functional approach to genre, focuses instead on the role genre plays in society itself. The Functional approach examines film and the viewing of films as a shared, social ritual, with different audiences sharing common expectations and experiences.

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  • Our first preface in 1993 emphasized that this book was A, not, The Sociology of Mental Health and Illness. Today, more than ever, it is quite a risk to write ‘The Sociology’ of anything. Moreover, as the wide-ranging references listed at the end of the book indicate, we continue to draw our material from sociology but also many other sources, including psychology and psychiatry. Sociological analyses of our topic are not offered only by sociologists.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Stigma, social reciprocity and exclusion of HIV/AIDS patients with illicit drug histories: A study of Thai nurses' attitudes

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  • Bolivia suffers from serious problems of poverty and social exclusion that particularly affect the indigenous majority of the population. Bolivia has an extensive and complex social, ethnic and cultural background. The ethnic group and place of origin of a person, family or social group have a strong influence on the potential for social mobility and on available opportunities. Furthermore, models based on Western society are not necessarily shared by sectors that identify with the values and behaviour of the Andean cultures.

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  • This change of name signalled a desire for deeper changes. In fact, until then, the classical music produced in Brazil had circulated exclusively in Court circles. It was in 1841 that Francisco Manuel da Silva “put before the throne” a request for the creation of the Imperial Conservatory, a ‘civilizing environment’ that could place Brazil in the ensemble of the “most cultured nations” (Mello 1947 [1908]:219).

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  • This includes being at risk for all medical and long term care costs. A health center taking on this program must be comfortable assuming significant financial risk as well as be able to assume the significant regulatory requirements for PACE that parallel much larger Medicare Advantage health plans. Despite the risk, PACE is one of the few accepted models for fully integrating health and long term care services for disabled elders and is a very significant resource for communities that have the programs. PACE began as a Medicare waiver program but is now a full Medicare benefit.

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  • The very existence of European savings banks is rooted in the notion of assistance and support to the poor and the contribution to social progress. Savings banks foundations were indeed originally created specifically to combat poverty and social exclusion and its direct negative impacts. Savings banks’ actions in the social field now focus on providing means to encourage autonomy and initiative, rather than the simple provision of aid.

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  • Mr Maes, as keynote speaker from the European Commission, provided an overview of the Europe 2020 strategy, which responds to the challenges that Europe is facing in the next decade. Within Europe 2020, microcredit is adopted as a tool to address social exclusion. Micro-entrepreneurship is a relevant source of employment in the EU, given that each new micro-enterprise creates two to three new jobs. Entrepreneurship is another path to promote employment.

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  • Th is book is about medical beliefs and practices for animals in early modern England. Although there are numerous texts on the subject of human health, this is the fi rst to focus exclusively on animals during this period. Th e main reason for this is probably linked to the dichotomy of medical historians that Roy Porter referred to over fi ft een years ago. Today, the majority tend to focus on the experience of health and illness for humans over the centuries.

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